Atlas of Ancient Rome

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Internet-web-browser.svg Wikimedia Commons Atlas of the World

The Wikimedia Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons.
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The introductions of the country, dependency and region entries are in the native languages and in English. The other introductions are in English.
Roman Empire map-2.gif
Roman Empire
SPQRomani.svg
Imperium Romanum
Ρωμαϊκή Αυτοκρατορία

Latina Imperium Romanum fuit res publica antiqua cuius caput erat urbs maxima Roma et quae tempore maximae suae potestatis a Britannia usque ad Mesopotamiam extensa est. Ab Augusto Caesare imperium Romanum sic institutum est, ut res publica uni principi soli gubernanda mandaretur. Imperium Romanum tamquam totius orbis terrarum vel saltem eius orbis terrarum partis, quam totius mundi instar esse antiqui existimaverunt, dominatum obtinuit usque ad aetatem migrationum populorum et gentium, quo tempore in duas partes divisum, ubi ad occidentem solem vergebat, interiit, ubi ad orientem solem spectabat, per medium quod dicitur aevum remansit.
Ελληνικά Ως Ρωμαϊκή Αυτοκρατορία νοείται το κράτος των αρχαίων Ρωμαίων (imperium), μετεξέλιξη της Ρωμαϊκής Δημοκρατίας όταν και οι περισσότερες εξουσίες συγκεντρώθηκαν στα χέρια ενός ανθρώπου, του Καίσαρα ή αυτοκράτορα (imperator).Το κράτος που είχαν δημιουργήσει οι αρχαίοι Ρωμαίοι πέρασαν αρκετοί αιώνες μέχρι να αποκτήσει το πολίτευμα της αυτοκρατορίας, με το οποίο το θυμούνται οι σημερινοί λαοί, αλλά έχει επικρατήσει να αναφερόμαστε με τον όρο ‘’Ρωμαϊκή Αυτοκρατορία’’ για όλη την περίοδο της αρχαίας ρωμαϊκής ιστορίας.
English Roman Empire

The Roman Empire (Latin: Imperium Romanum}, probably the best-known Latin expression where the word "imperium" denotes a territory, indicates the part of the world under Roman rule. From the time of Augustus to the Fall of the Western Empire, Rome dominated Western Eurasia, comprising the majority of its population. Roman expansion began long before the state was changed into an Empire and reached its zenith under emperor Trajan with the conquest of Mesopotamia and Armenia in AD 116. During this territorial peak the Roman Empire controlled approximately 5 900 000 km² (2,300,000 sq.mi.) of land surface. Rome's influence upon the culture, law, technology, arts, language, religion, government, military, and architecture of Western civilization continues to this day.


Short name Roman Empire
Official name(s) Roman Kingdom / Roman Republic / Roman Empire
Status Empire between 8th century BCE and 476
Location South Europe, the Middle East and North Africa
Capital Rome (Roma), later Rome and Constantinople
Major language(s) Latin and Greek
Major religion(s) Polytheism and later Christianity
More information Roman Empire.
More images Roman Empire - Roman Empire (Category).

History in maps

This section holds a short summary of the history[1], illustrated with maps.

Etruscan civilization map.png Etruscan civilization around 750-500 BCE
RomanKingdom.png Roman Kingdom 753-510 BCE
Italia 400 BC.svg Italy around 400 BCE;
   Celts
   Etrurians
   Umbrians
   Italians various
   Romans
   Samnites
   :fr:Messapes and Apulians
   Greeks
   Carthagians
Roman Empire map-2.gif Territorial development of the Roman Empire (Animated map)
Republica Romana.svg Roman Republic 510-27 BC (extent in 44 BC depicted)
Roman Empire.png The extent of the Roman Republic and Roman Empire;
   133 BC
   44 BC (late Republic, after conquests by republican generals)
   AD 14 (death of Augustus)
   117 (maximum extension)
Hannibal route of invasion.gif Hannibal's invasion
Roman expansion 264 BC Shepherd.jpg Territorial development of the Roman Empire 264 BC-192
Expansion of Rome, 2nd century BC.gif Roman Republic 100 BCE

Italy, Lŭxembourg, Netherlands, Switzerland

Roman Empire in 50 BC.png Map of the Roman Empire in 50
Roman Empire.png The extent of the Roman Republic and Roman Empire;
   133 BC
   44 BC (late Republic, after conquests by republican generals)
   AD 14 (death of Augustus)
   117 (maximum extension)
Roman Legions camps - AD 80.png Camps of the Roman Legions in 80
Romia Imperio.png Map of the Roman Empire in 116 (with and without names of provinces)
Map of the Roman Empire at its height.svg Roman Empire 27 BCE-476 (Situation in 117)
Roman empire.png Roman Empire in 117
RomanEmpire 117.svg Roman Empire in 117
Map of Roman roads in Italy.png Roman roads in Italy
Roman Empire 125.svg Roman Empire in 125
Roman Empire Map AlexanderFindlay1849.png Roman era Balkans, about 150 AD
Roman empire 395.jpg Roman Empire divided 395, showing the dioceses and praetorian prefectures of Gaul, Italy, Illyricum and Oriens (east), roughly analogous to the four Tetrarch zones of influence after Diocletian's reforms.
Praetorian Prefectures of the Roman Empire 395 AD.png Praetorian Prefectures of the Roman Empire (395 AD)
Roman Empire about 395.jpg Roman Empire in 395
Extent of Western Roman Empire 395.png Western Roman Empire 395
Invasions of the Roman Empire 1.png Invasions of the Roman Empire 100-500

Western Roman Empire

SPQRomani.svg 395-486: Western Roman Empire - independent country

Theodosius I's empire.png The division of the Empire after the death of Theodosius I, ca.395 AD superimposed on modern borders.
   Western Roman Empire
   Eastern Roman Empire
Karte völkerwanderung.jpg Invasions of the Roman Empire 100-500
Rome406.jpeg Division of the Roman Empire in 406
628px-Western and Eastern Roman Empires 476AD(3).PNG Eastern Roman Empire and Western Roman Empire, c.476
Politically divided Gaul, 481.jpg Domain of Soissons, 481
Reame di Siagrio (486).png Domain of Soissons, 486

Eastern Roman Empire

SPQRomani.svg 395-1453: Eastern Roman Empire - independent country

EasternRomanEmpire.png Eastern Roman Empire
Justinien 527-565.svg Eastern Roman Empire under emperor Justinianus
Justinian Byzanz.png Eastern Roman Empire under emperor Justinianus
Byzantine Empire animated.gif Map of the changes in borders of the Eastern Roman Empire
Byzantium550.png Byzantine Empire 550
ByzantineEmpire717AD.png The Eastern Roman Empire at the accession of Leo III, c. 717
ByzantineEmpire867AD3.PNG The Eastern Roman Empire at the accession of Basil I, c. 867
Byzantium1025.jpg The Eastern Roman Empire under Basil II, c. 1025
Map Byzantine Empire 1025-en.svg Eastern Roman Empire 1025
Byzantiumforecrusades.PNG The Eastern Roman Empire at the accession of Alexios I Komnenos, c. 1081
Byzantium in 1170(3).PNG Map of the Eastern Roman Empire under Manuel Komnenos, c.1170.
Manuel'sEmpire.png Eastern Roman Empire 1180
Byzantium1204.png The Eastern Roman Empire in 1204 A.D. was divided into the Empire of Nicaea, the Empire of Trebizond and the Despotate of Epirus
LatinEmpire.png Map to show the partition of the empire following the Fourth Crusade, c.1204.
Epir1205-1230.png The despotate of Epirus from 1205 to 1230
Epiro1230-1251.png The despotate of Epirus from 1230 to 1251
ShepherdByzempire1265.jpg The Eastern Roman Empire in 1265 (William R. Shepherd, Historical Atlas, 1911).
ByzantineEmpire1265.svg Eastern Roman Empire in 1265
Epir1252-1315.png The despotate of Epirus from 1252 to 1315
Epir1315-1358.png The despotate of Epirus from 1315 to 1358
Byzantine empire 1355.jpg Eastern Roman Empire in 1355
Empire of the romans and serbs en.png Empire of the Romans and Serbs and whole Albania (Empire of Simeon Uroš - Siniša), 14th century
Byzantium1400.png Eastern Roman Empire 1400


Notes and references

General remarks:

  • The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
  • Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
  • Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
  • The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
  • The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.
  1. The text of the summary of the history is mainly based on the text in Wikipedia.

Entries available in the atlas

General pages
Atlas • Historical atlas • Index of the Atlas • Names in native languages

The world and its continents and oceans
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(History, European Union) • Oceania • Oceans

Themes
Administrative divisions • International organizations • Languages • Religions

Historical eras
Prehistory • Antiquity • Middle Ages • Rise of Islam • Early Modern Age • Early American Societies • Early Asian Societies • Age of Renaissance • Colonialism • Stielers Handatlas 1891 • 20th Century • World War I • World War II

Entities with undisputed sovereign status
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Entities with disputed sovereign status
Abkhazia • Azawad • China (Republic)/Taiwan • Kosovo • Nagorno-Karabakh Republic • Northern Cyprus • Palestine • Somaliland • South Ossetia • Tamil Eelam • Transnistria • Western Sahara

Dependencies and other overseas territories
Akrotiri and Dhekelia • Åland • American Samoa • Anguilla • Aruba • Ascension Island • Ashmore and Cartier Islands • Baker Island • Bermuda • Bouvet Island • British Indian Ocean Territory • British Virgin Islands • Cayman Islands • Christmas Island • Clipperton Island • Cocos (Keeling) Islands • Cook Islands • Coral Sea Islands • Curaçao • Faroe Islands • French Guiana • French Polynesia • French Southern and Antarctic Lands • Gibraltar • Greenland • Guadeloupe • Guam • Guantanamo Bay • Guernsey • Heard Island and McDonald Islands • Hong Kong • Howland Island • Isle of Man • Jan Mayen • Jarvis Island • Jersey • Johnston Atoll • Kingman Reef • Macau • Martinique • Mayotte • Midway Atoll • Montserrat • Navassa Island • New Caledonia • Niue • Norfolk Island • Northern Mariana Islands • Palmyra Atoll • Pitcairn Islands • Puerto Rico • Réunion • Saint Helena • Saint-Barthélemy • Saint Martin (France) • Sint Maarten (Netherlands) • Saint-Pierre and Miquelon • Svalbard • Tokelau • Tristan da Cunha • Turks and Caicos Islands • United States Virgin Islands • Wake Island • Wallis and Futuna

Disputed subnational entities and territories
Kashmir • Crimea • Paracel Islands • Spratly Islands • Falkland Islands • South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands • Bajo Nuevo Bank • Serranilla Bank

Subnational autonomous entities
Aceh • Adjara • Adygea • Altai • Andalusia • Aosta Valley • Aragon • Athos • Azores • Balearic Islands • Bashkortostan • Basque Autonomous Community • Bonaire • Bosnia and Herzegovina (Federation of) • Bougainville • Brussels • Buryatia • Canary Islands • Catalonia • Chechnya • Chuvashia • Corsica • Dagestan • Easter Island • England • Extremadura • Flanders • Friuli-Venezia Giulia • Gagauzia • Galicia • Galápagos Islands • Gorno-Badakhshan • Guangxi • Ingushetia • Inner Mongolia • Kabardino-Balkaria • Kalmykia • Karachay-Cherkessia • Karakalpakstan • Karelia • Khakassia • Komi • Kurdistan (Iraqi) • Madeira • Mari El • Mindanao • Mordovia • Nakhichevan • Navarre • Nevis • Ningxia • North Ossetia-Alania • Northern Ireland • Nunatsiavut • Quebec • Saba • Sakha • Sardinia • Scotland • Sicily • Sint Eustatius • Srpska • Tatarstan • Tibet • Tłı̨chǫ • Trentino-Alto Adige • Tuva • Udmurtia • Vojvodina • Wales • Wallonia • Xinjiang • Zanzibar

Other regions
Basque Country • Burzenland • Catalan Countries • Frisia • Kurdistan • Sápmi • Svenskfinland • Székely Land

Former sovereign nations
Austria-Hungary • Byzantine Empire • Caliphate • Czechoslovakia • Republic of West Florida • Frankish Empire • Kingdom of Hawaiʻi • Inca Empire • Iroquois Confederacy • Macedonian Empire • Ottoman Empire • Prussia • Roman Empire • Soviet Union • Republic of Texas • Vermont Republic • Yugoslavia

Former dependencies and overseas territories
Netherlands Antilles