Antigua and Barbuda is an island nation located in the eastern Caribbean Sea on the boundary with the Atlantic Ocean. This country has two major islands: Antigua and Barbuda. They are located in the middle of the Leeward Islands in the Eastern Caribbean, roughly 17 degrees north of the equator. Antigua and Barbuda are part of the Lesser Antilles archipelago with the ► Guadeloupe to the south, ► Montserrat to the southwest, ► Saint Kitts and Nevis to the west and ► Saint-Barthélemy, ► Saint Martin and ► Anguilla to the northwest.
Antigua and Barbuda is made up of Antigua, which, along with its satellite islets and rocks, is divided into six parishes; and two dependencies, the islands Barbuda and Redonda.
This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day Antigua and Barbuda, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day Antigua and Barbuda.
Antigua is first inhabited by the Siboney whose settlements date at least to 2400 BC. The Arawaks who originate in Venezuela and gradually migrate up the chain of islands now called the Lesser Antilles, succeed the Siboney. Christopher Columbus lands on the islands in 1493 naming the larger one Santa Maria de la Antigua. After Spanish and French attempts to settle on the island, England establishes in 1632 the colony of Antigua, which is from 1671 to 1816 and from 1833 to 1960 part the Leeward Islands. This is followed by internal self-government when Antigua becomes a part of the British West Indies in 1958. After the dissolution of the British West Indies in 1962, Antigua becomes a seperate British dependency, followed by the establishment in 1967 of the Associated State of Antigua. In 1981 Antigua becomes independent as Antigua and Barbuda.
Notes and references
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