Atlas of Myanmar

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LocationMyanmar.svg
Myanmar

Flag of Myanmar.svg

Myanmar long form.svg

English Myanmar - Republic of the Union of Myanmar

The Republic of the Union of Myanmar is the largest country by geographical area in mainland Southeast Asia. It is also known as Burma or the Union of Burma by many bodies and states which do not recognize the ruling military junta. Myanmar is bordered by the ► People's Republic of China on the north, ► Laos on the east, ► Thailand on the southeast, ► Bangladesh on the west, and ► India on the northwest, with the Andaman Sea to the south, and the Bay of Bengal to the southwest. One-third of Myanmar's total perimeter, 1,930 km (1,199 mi), forms an uninterrupted coastline.


Short name  Myanmar
Official  name Republic of the Union of Myanmar
Status Independent country since 1948
Burmese[1]

Myanmar long form.svg[2]

Location South East Asia
Capital Naypyidaw.svg[3]
Population 50,519,000 inhabitants
Area 676,578 km²
Major  languages Burmese (official), Shan, Karen, Kachin, Chin, Mon and Rakhine and others
Major  religions Buddhism
More information Myanmar, Geography of Myanmar, History of Myanmar and Politics of Myanmar
More  images Myanmar - Myanmar (Category).

General maps

Myanmar1.gif Map of Myanmar
Burma-CIA WFB Map.png Same map in Italian
Myanmar-CIA-map-German.png Same map in German
Map of Myanmar Demis.png Map of Myanmar
[[|border|251x400px]] Map of Myanmar
Burma topo en.jpg Topographic map

Maps of divisions

This section holds maps of the administrative divisions.

MyanmarAdministrativeDivisions.svg Subdivisions of Myanmar

History maps

This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day Myanmar, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day Myanmar.

Pyu sites.png In the fifth century BC the Pyu, a Tibeto-Burman tribe arrive in present-day Burma. Around 0 the Pyu rule includes large parts of the area (see map). Another tribe, subordiante to the Pyu, named the Burmese, establish in 849 Burmese Pagan Kingdom. The other tribes, including the Pyu and the Mon, move to the north of the country. In 1287 Pagan is liquidated by Mongolian invadors and the state desintegrates in divided territories dependent from China. These territories unite in 1582 into the Kingdom of Burma under the Toungboo dinasty, but this doesn't develop into a stable country. Since 1752 Burma is more or less a really united country under the Konbaung dinasty of king Alaungpaya.
British india.png In the nineteenth century the United Kingdom tries to control Burma. It begins the conquest in 1824, expanding its holdings after each of the three wars. At the end of the third war in 1885 Britain gains complete control of Burma, annexing it the province of Burma inside British India. In 1937 Burma becomes a separate British colony, but the strive after independence is very strong.
Japanese Empire2.png Japan invades and occupies Burma in 1942 and establishes from 1943 until 1945 the puppet state Republic of Burma, lead by Burmese nationalists. This map shows the development of the Japanese Empire 1870-1942.
Kohima.jpg Part of the Second World War was the Battle of Kohima. After the battle the nationalists join the British forces in 1945 to liberate the country.
Partition of India.PNG In 1946 the United Kingdom regains control over Burma. The Burmese nationalists, led by Aung San of the AFPFL, demand complete political and economic independence from Britain. Britain accedes to these demands. A constitution is completed in 1947 and independence granted in January 1948 as the Union of Burma. This map shows the division of Britain's holdings on the Indian subcontinent into the four new independent states: India, Burma (now Myanmar), Ceylon (now Sri Lanka), and Pakistan (including East Pakistan, modern-day Bangladesh)

Old maps

This section holds copies of original general maps older than 70 years of this entry.

IndoChina1886.jpg Indochina in 1886
Burma 1.png Map of Burma 1911

Ethnolinguistic maps

MyanmarEthnolinguisticMap1972.jpg Ethnolinguistic map

Notes and references

General remarks:

  • The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
  • Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
  • Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
  • The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
  • The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.
  1. In Burmese only the long name is available.
  2. Romanization: Pyi-daung-zu Myan-mar Naing-ngan-daw.
  3. Romanization: Naypyidaw.

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