Atlas of states of Germany

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The introductions of the country, dependency and region entries are in the native languages and in English. The other introductions are in English.
 
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Germany

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Deutschland und seine Länder

Deutsch Deutschland - Bundesrepublik Deutschland

Die Bundesrepublik Deutschland ist ein Bundesstaat und ein Mitgliedsland der Europäischen Union. Es liegt in Mitteleuropa und hat gemeinsame Grenzen mit Dänemark, Polen, Tschechien, Österreich, der Schweiz, Frankreich, Luxemburg, Belgien und den Niederlanden. Im Norden bilden die Nordsee und die Ostsee die natürlichen Staatsgrenzen. Damit ist es das Land mit den meisten Nachbarländern Europas.

Hornjoserbsce[1] Němska - Zwjazkowa republika Němska

Němska oficielnje Němska zwjazkowa republika je srjedźnoeuropski stat. Mjezuje z Danskej na sewjeru, z Nižozemskej, z Belgiskej a Luxemburgskej na zapadźe, z Francoskej na juhozapadźe, z Šwicarskej na juhu, z Awstriskej na juhu a na juhowuchodźe, z Čěskej a z Pólskej na wuchodźe, z Baltiskej morju na sewjerowuchodźe, z Sewjerskej morju na sewjerozapadźe.

German dialects Nedderdüütsch: Düütschland (Förbundsrepubliek Düütschland) is en Förbundsrepubliek, de in'n Zentrum vun Europa liggt un sik vun de Waterkant (Noord- un Oostsee) to de Alpen, vun'n Rhien to de Oder erstreckt. Navers sünd Belgien, de Nedderlannen, Däänmark, Polen, Tschechien, Österriek, de Swiez, Frankriek un Luxemburg. De Hööftstadt is Berlin. Düütschland warrt indeelt in Bundslänner.

Allemanisch: Ditschlånd (Bundesrepublik Ditschlånd) isch an Schtaat in Mittleuropa und hot gmiinsame Grenza mit Dänemark, Pole, Tschechie, Eeschdtriich, dr Schwiiz, Frankriich, Luxeburg, Belgien und dr Niderlander. Im Norde bildet d`Nordsee und d`Oschdtsee a natirliche Grenz.

English Germany - Federal Republic of Germany

The Federal Republic of Germany is a country in Central Europe. It is bordered on the north by the North Sea, ► Denmark, and the Baltic Sea, on the east by ► Poland and the ► Czech Republic, on the south by ► Austria and ► Switzerland, and on the west by ► France, ► Luxembourg, ► Belgium (► Wallonia) and the ► Netherlands.


Short name  Germany
Official  name Federal Republic of Germany
Status Independent country since 843, but divided in various entities, united since 1871, re-united since 1990, member of the ► European Union since 1957
Location Central Europe
Capital Berlin
Population 82,310,000 inhabitants
Area 357,030 km²
Languages German
Religions Protestantism, Roman Catholicism
More information States of Germany, Geography of States of Germany, History of States of Germany and Politics of States of Germany
More  images States of Germany - States of Germany (Category).

General maps

De-map.png Map of Germany

Karte Deutschlands
Germany sm01.jpg Map of Germany in German

Karte Deutschlands

Maps of divisions

This section holds maps of the administrative divisions.

  Map Germany Länder-de.svg   Deutschland politisch bunt.png
Federal States of Germany

Die Bundesländer
 Politische Gliederung

 Political structure

Locator maps of the actual German länder

Topographic maps of single länder

Districts

Besides the following maps of all Germany, there are overviews of the districts of each land

 Landkreise, Kreise und kreisfreie Städte in Deutschland 2011-09-04.svg 
 Karte der Wahlkreise fuer die Wahl zum 18. Deutschen Bundestag mit administrativen Einheiten en.svg 
  Landkreise and free cities (yellow) Landkreise with electoral districts

Former German fractional states

History of former German states

Prussia

Prussian standard.jpg 1618-1701: Brandenburg-Prussia (Brandenburg-Preussen) - monarchy most of the time partly inside the Holy Roman Empire c.q. successor states

Flag of Prussia 1892-1918.svg 1701-1871: Kingdom of Prussia (Königreich Preussen) - monarchy most of the time partly inside the Holy Roman Empire c.q. successor states

Acprussiamap2.gif Growth of Prussia 1600-1795
Ac.prussiamap3.gif Growth of Prussia 1807-1871
Map-DB-PrussiaProvs-1818.svg The ten provinces of the Kingdom of Prussia, at the time of the formation of the German Confederation (1815)
Map-DR-Prussia.svg Prussia at the time of the formation of the German Empire (1871)
Prussiamap.gif Prussia 1871-1919
Map-WR-Prussia.svg The Free State of Prussia at the time of the Weimar Republic (1919)
Map-WR-PrussiaProvs-1920.svg The provincial divisions of the Free State of Prussia (early 1920)
East Prussia 1923-1939.png East Prussia 1923-1939
East Prussia 1939.JPG East Prussia 1939
Pomeraniamap.png Pomerania
Silesia (Now).png Silesia
Memelland 1923-1939.png Memel Territory (now in Lithuania)

Baden

Flagge Großherzogtum Baden (1871-1891).svg 1867-1871: Grand Duchy of Baden (Grossherzogtum Baden) - independent monarchy

Bade 1806 1945.png After the Austro-Prussian war, Baden remained outside the North-German Confederation. In a way it was independent between 1867 and 1871, when it joined the German Empire.

Bavaria

Flag of Bavaria (striped).svg 1867-1871: Kingdom of Bavaria (Köngigreich Bayern) - independent monarchy

After the Austro-Prussian war, Bavaria remained outside the North-German Confederation. In a way it was independent between 1867 and 1871, when it joined the German Empire.

Hesse

Flagge Großherzogtum Hessen ohne Wappen.svg 1867-1871: Grand Duchy of Hesse and by Rhine (Grossherzogtum Hessen und zu Rhein) - independent monarchy

After the Austro-Prussian war, the south part of Hesse remained outside the North-German Confederation. In a way it was independent between 1867 and 1871, when it joined the German Empire.

Württemberg

Flagge Königreich Württemberg.svg 1867-1871: Kingdom of Württemberg (Königreich Württemberg) - independent monarchy

After the Austro-Prussian war, Württemberg remained outside the North-German Confederation. In a way it was independent between 1867 and 1871, when it joined the German Empire.

States inside the German Empire

Deutsches Reich (Karte) Hessen-Darmstadt.svg Hesse-Darmstadt
Deutsches Reich (Karte) Anhalt.svg Anhalt
Hessen1930.png Hesse-Darmstadt 1930
Hessen 1900.svg Map of the Hessian countries around 1900
Ernestine-map.png Saxony Duchies in Thuringia
Sachsen1930.png Saxony 1930
Map-DR-Luebeck.png Free City of Lübeck
KrkHannover.png Kingdom of Hannover in the German Confederation

Saar

Flag of Saar 1920-1935.svg 1920-1935: Territory of the Saar Basin (Territoire du Bassin de la Sarre/Saarbeckengebiet) - territory under French League of Nations mandate

Saarbeckengebiet map.gif The Territory of the Saar Basin, also referred as the Saar or Saargebiet, was a territory governed by the League of Nations under the Treaty of Versailles for 15 years from 1920. Its population in 1933 was 812,000, and its capital was Saarbrücken. After a plebiscite was held in 1935, it was restored to Germany.
Flag of Saar (1947–1956).svg 1947-1956: Saar (Saar) - French protectorate

Lander at the time of the proclamation the two German States in 1949

Deutschland Bundeslaender 1949.png After World War II, the Saarland came under French administration again, as the Saar Protectorate in 1947. Under the Monnet Plan France attempted to gain economic control of the remaining German industrial areas with large coal and mineral deposits; the Ruhr area and the Saar area. In the Paris Accords of 23 October 1954, France offered to establish an independent "Saarland", under the auspices of the Western European Union (WEU), but a referendum held on 23 October 1955 rejected this plan by 67.7% to 32.3%. Instead, the people of the Saar opted for the return of the Saar to the Federal Republic of Germany. On October 27, 1956, the Saar Treaty established that Saarland should be allowed to rejoin West Germany, which it did on January 1, 1957.

German Democratic Republic (DDR)

German Democratic Republic

Flag of East Germany.svg 1949-1990: German Democratic Republic (Deutsche Demokratische Republik) - independent people's republic, satellite state of the USSR

LocationEastGermany.png In 1949 the German Democratic Republic was proclaimed in the Soviet zone of Germany.
DDR Verwaltungsbezirke farbig.svg Districts of German Democratic Republic

Old maps of all Germany

Old maps

This section holds copies of original general maps older than 70 years of this entry.

Deutschland 1450.jpg 1450
Herman Moll New Map of Germany.jpg Herman Moll New Map of Germany
Deutsches Reich Politische Karte.jpg Historical map of the German Empire
Prussia (political map before 1905).jpg Prussia (political map before 1905)
Königreich Sachsen 1895.jpg Kingdom of Saxony 1895
Koenigreich Sachsen 1905.png Kingdom of Saxony 1905
Baden Bayerische Pfalz 1905.png Baden and Rhenish Bavaria 1905
Meyers b16 s0772a.jpg Württemberg and Hohenzollern
Koenigreich Wuerttemberg 1905.png Kingdom of Württemberg 1905
Elsass-Lothringen 1905.png Historical map of Alsace-Lorraine (Reichsland Elsaß-Lothringen) 1905
Karte Elsass-Lothringens 1905.jpg Alsace-Lorraine 1905, area of the territory highlighted
Deutsch-französische Grenzländer, mit genauer Einzeichnung der französischen Befestigungs-Anlagen.jpg High-resolution map (7,473 × 7,773) of Alsace-Lorraine as part of the German Empire, 1887
Hannover Oldenburg Braunschweig 1905.png Historical map of Hannover, Oldenburg, Braunschweig 1905
Thueringsche Staaten 1905.png Historical map of the Thuringian states 1905
Mecklenburg 1905.png Historical map of Mecklenburg 1905
Provinz Brandenburg 1905.png Historical map of Brandenburg 1905
Ost- und Westpreussen.jpg Historical map of East- and Westprussia (Prussian Provinces) 1890
Hessen Nassau 1905.png Historical map of Hesse-Nassau (Prussian Province) 1905
Provinz Pommern 1905.png Historical map of Province of Pomerania 1905
Posen 1905.png Historical map of Posen 1905
Rheinland 1905.png Historical map of Rhenish Prussia 1905
Sachsen 1905.png Historical map of Saxony (Prussian Province) 1905
Provinz Schleswig-Holstein 1905.png Historical map of Schleswig-Holstein as Prussian Province 1905
Schlesien 1905.png Historical map of Silesia as Prussian Province 1905
Provinz Westfalen 1905.png Historical map of Westphalia as Prussian Province 1905

Satellite maps

Notes and references

General remarks:

  • The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
  • Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
  • Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
  • The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
  • The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.
  1. Sorbian is a recognized minority language in eastern Germany.

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Netherlands Antilles