Ireland is a sovereign state which covers approximately five-sixths of the island of Ireland, off the coast of north-west Europe. The state's constitutional name is Ireland and this is how international organisations and residents usually refer to the country. It is a member of the European Union, has a developed economy and a population of almost 4.6 million (2011 census). The remaining sixth of the island of Ireland is known as Northern Ireland and is part of the ► United Kingdom.
Is stát í Éire ar an gcuid is mó d'oileán na hÉireann, amach ó chósta thiar-thuaidh na hEorpa. eIs le Tuaisceart Éireann, atá laistigh den Ríocht Aontaithe, an chuid eile den oileán. Éire an teideal oifigiúil atá ar an stát as Gaeilge – leis an gcur síos oifigiúil (Poblacht na hÉireann). Cé gur fhan an Phoblacht neodrach le linn an Dara Chogaidh Domhanda agus cogaí eile ó shin, is ballstát de na Náisiúin Aontaithe agus den Aontas Eorpach í, ach ní dheachaigh sí isteach in ECAT, ar eagraíocht míleata é.
Independent country since 1916, recognized 1922, member of the ► European Union since 1973
This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day Ireland, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day Ireland.
Ireland in the Ice Age
Ireland in 1014
Ireland in 1300
Ireland in 1450
Partitioned Ireland, 1920
Partitioned Ireland, 1920, with capital cities
Development of protestantism in Ireland
This section holds copies of original general maps older than 70 years of this entry.
Map of Eryn (Ireland) by Ortelius, 1573
Map of the British Isles, 802 AD
Ethnic and linguistic maps
The Gaeltacht regions
insular Celtic peoples
Population density (2002)
Notes and references
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