Scotland - Scotland
Scotland is a nation in northwest Europe and one of the four constituent nations of the United Kingdom. It occupies the northern third of the island of Great Britain and shares a land border to the south with ► England. It is bounded by the North Sea to the east, the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, and the North Channel and Irish Sea to the southwest. To the north of Scotland lie the ► Faroe Islands, to the south-west lies ► Northern Ireland and the ► Isle of Man. Apart from the mainland, Scotland consists of over 790 islands.
Se dùthaich suidhichte ann an taobh a tuath Bhreatainn a th'ann an Alba. Bha i na rìoghachd neo-eisimileach gus an 18mh linn nuair a dh'aonaich Alba agus Sasainn airson Rìoghachd Bhreatainn Mòr a stèidheachadh anns am bliadhna 1707. Anns am bliadhna 1801 dh'aonaich Rìoghachd Bhreatainn Mòr le Rìoghachd na h-Eirinn airson an Rìoghachd Aonaichte a' chruthachadh. An 1999, chaidh Pàrlamaid na h-Alba a' chur air bhonn, far am bithear a' dèiligeadh ri gnothaichean poilitigeach a tha a' buntainn do dh' Alba a-mhàin.
Scotland (Gaelic: Alba) is a kintra in nor-wast Europe, an een o fower pairts that mak up the UK. It taks up the northren third o the Breetish island. The laund haes til its sooth the laund o Ingland, an is bund bi sea an ocean on aw ither sides.
This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day Scotland, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day Scotland.
Map showing Scandinavian settlement in the eighth (dark red), ninth (red), tenth (orange) and eleventh (yellow) centuries. Areas denoted in green are those affected by frequent viking incursions but with little or no Scandinavian settlement.
This section holds copies of original general maps older than 70 years of this entry.
1726 map of Scotland
Gaelic in Scotland
Dialects of Scots Language
Notes and references
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