جمهورية أرض الصومال هي دولة تقع في شرق افريقيا منطقة القرن الافريقي مطلة على الشاطئ الجنوبي خليج عدن . لها حدود مشتركة من الشمال مع دولة جيبوتي. من الجنوب و الشرق مع الصومال و من الغرب مع إثيوبيا. لا يوجد أي دولة تعترف رسميا بوجودها مع أن جمهورية أرض الصومال قائمة على أرض الواقع، من حيث البرلمان، الإدارة، القوات و السياسة الداخلية و الخارجية.
The Republic of Somaliland (Soomaaliland, أرض الصومال Arḍ aṣ-Ṣūmāl) is an unrecognized de facto sovereign state located in the Horn of Africa. In May 18, 1991, the major Somaliland clan, namely Isaqs, declared independence from ► Somalia. The Republic of Somaliland claims to include five administrative regions with governor as highest ranking leader of each region. The Republic of Somaliland considers itself to be the successor state of the former British Somaliland protectorate. The area encompasses roughly the former British Somaliland protectorate, an area of about 137,600 square kilometres (53,128 sq mi), which was briefly an independent country for five days in June 26, 1960. It is bordered by ► Ethiopia on the south, ► Djibouti on the west, the Gulf of Aden on the north, and the autonomous Puntland region of Somalia on the east. It has maritime borders with ► Yemen. The capital of Somaliland is Hargeisa.
Republic of Somaliland
Withdrawal from a political union with the trust territory of Somalia Italiana in 1991
This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day Somaliland, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day Somaliland.
Gulf of Aden and the Somaliland region in northwestern Somalia, 1860
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