Atlas of Spain

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Spain

Flag of Spain.svg

España
Espanya
España
Espainia
Espanha

español o
castellano
España - Reino de España

El Reino de España es un país de Europa occidental constituido en monarquía parlamentaria que ocupa algo más de cinco sextos de la Península Ibérica, dos archipiélagos situados, uno en el mar Mediterráneo (las Islas Baleares) y otro en el océano Atlántico (las Islas Canarias), así como las plazas de soberanía en el norte del continente africano (entre ellas las ciudades autónomas de Ceuta y Melilla) y el enclave de Llivia en los Pirineos franceses. Junto a otros veintiseis países europeos conforma la Unión Europea (UE). Tiene una extensión de 506.013 km². En su territorio peninsular comparte fronteras terrestres con Francia y con el Principado de Andorra al norte, con Portugal al oeste y con la colonia británica de Gibraltar al sur. En sus territorios africanos, comparte fronteras terrestres y marítimas con Marruecos.

Català Espanya - Regne d'Espanya

El Regne d'Espanya és un pais situat al sud-oest d'Europa que comparteix la Península ibèrica amb Portugal, Gibraltar, i Andorra. Al nord-est, a la serralada dels Pirineus, limita amb l'estat de França i el xicotet principat d'Andorra. També s'hi inclouen territoris extrapeninsulars com les Illes Balears a la mar Mediterrània, les Illes Canàries a l'oceà Atlàntic, les ciutats de Ceuta i Melilla al nord d'Àfrica, i unes quantes illes deshabitades al costat mediterrani de l'Estret de Gibraltar, com ara la illa d'Alboran, les Illes Chafarinas, els penyals de Vélez i d'Alhucemas, i el xicotet Illot de Perejil.

Euskara Espainia - Espainiako Erresuma

Espainiako Erresuma, Europar Batasuneko estatuetako bat da. Honako muga hauek ditu: mendebaldean Portugal eta Atlantiar ozeanoa, iparraldean Frantzia eta Kantauri Itsasoa, ekialdean Mediterranear itsasoa eta hegoaldean Gibraltareko itsasartea.

Galego España - Reino de España

O Reino de España é un estado que se atopa no sudoeste de Europa. Ó nordeste limita con Francia e Andorra, Pirineos por medio. Ó oeste linda con Portugal, país co que forma a Península Ibérica. España inclúe tamén as Illas Baleares no Mar Mediterráneo, as Illas Canarias no Océano Atlántico e as cidades de Ceuta e Melilla no norte de África.

English Spain - Kingdom of Spain

The Kingdom of Spain is a country located in Southern Europe, with two small exclaves in North Africa (both bordering ► Morocco). It is divided into autonomous communities, with some of them having special status: ► Andalusia, ► Balearic Islands, ► Basque Country, ► Canary Islands, ► Catalonia, ► Galicia and ► Navarra. To the west, Spain borders ► Portugal, to the south, it borders ► Gibraltar (a British overseas territory) and Morocco, through its cities in North Africa (Ceuta and Melilla). To the northeast, along the Pyrenees mountain range, it borders ► France and the tiny principality of ► Andorra. It also includes the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea, the ► Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean and a number of uninhabited islands on the Mediterranean side of the strait of Gibraltar, known as Plazas de soberanía, such as the Chafarine islands, the isle of Alborán, the "rocks" (peñones) of Vélez and Alhucemas, and the tiny Isla Perejil. In the northeast along the Pyrenees, a small exclave town called Llívia in Catalonia is surrounded by French territory.

Other languages - Asturianu: El Reinu d'España, ye un estáu que s'alcuentra nel suroeste d'Europa, nel mar Mediterraneu (les Islles Baleares), nel Océanu Atlánticu (les Islles Canaries) asina como nel norte d'África (les ciudaes de Ceuta y Melilla).

- Aragonés: O Reino d'España ye un estato miembro d'a Unión Europeya (UE) situato en o sudueste d'Europa, an ocupa 6 sietenas partis d'a Peninsula Iberica.

- Estremeñu: El Reinu d'España, es un estau que s'alcuentra asiahau nel suroesti d'Uropa, nel mari Mediterráneu (las Islas Balearis), nel Océanu Alánticu (las Islas Canárias) asín cumu nel norti d'África (las ciais de Ceuta i Melilla).

- Romani: E Spaniya vai O Thagaripen Spaniyako si ekh them andi Suduni Europa.


Short name Spain
Official  name Kingdom of Spain
Status Independent country, united since 1512, member of the ► European Union since 1986
Location South West Europe
Capital Madrid
Population 45,200,737 inhabitants
Area 506,030 km²
Languages Spanish, Catalan, Basque, Galician
Religion Roman Catholic
More information Spain, Geography of Spain, History of Spain and Politics of Spain
More  images Spain - Spain (Category).

General maps

Sp-map.png Map of Spain
Sp-map-es.png Map of Spain in Castillian
Spain.png Map of Spain
Spain (demis).png Map of Spain
Spain topo.jpg Topographic map
Spain-climate.png Climate map in English
Spain-basins.png Drainage basins map
Mapaespaña4.png Territorial division
Autonomous communities of Spain.svg Autonomous communities of Spain
Comunidades autónomas de España.svg Autonomous communities of Spain
Spain provinces.png Provinces of Spain
Provinces of Spain.svg Provinces of Spain
Spain provinces 2.png Provinces of Spain
Provincias de España.svg Provinces of Spain
Spain comarcas.png Comarcas (de suelos) of Spain
Municipalities of Spain.svg Municipalities of Spain
Spain municipalities.png Municipalities of Spain
Mapa del sur de España neutral.png Spanish possesions in North Africa

History maps

This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day Spain, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day Spain.

Early history

Carte Neandertaliens anciens.jpg Pre-Neanderthals
Carte Neandertaliens.jpg Neanderthals
Map of Palaeolithic Art.png Palaeolithic art
Neolítico en Europa.png Neolithicum in Europe 5th millennium BCE
European Middle Neolithic.gif Europe in ca. 4500 BC-4000 BC
European Late Neolithic.gif Europe in ca. 4000 BC-3500 BC
Bellbeaker map europe.jpg Beaker culture
Beaker culture.png Extent of the Beaker culture (ca. 2800 – 1900 B.C.)
Arte esquematico iberico.png Pre-historic art in Iberia
Peninsula Iberica-Bronce Final.png The Iberian Peninsula (Spain and Portugal) in the bronze age
Atlantic Bronze Age.gif
Ethnographic Iberia 200 BCE.PNG Ethnographic Iberia 200 BCE
Prehispanic languages.gif Prehispanic languages and tribes
Lenguas-prerromanas.jpg Prehispanic languages
Mapa escriptures paleohispàniques-cast.jpg Paleohispanic writing systems excluding proper Lusitanian
Celts 800-400BC.PNG Possible extent of (proto-)Celtic influence 800-400 BC
Celts in Europe.png Celts in Europe
Celts in Iberia.PNG Celts in Iberia (200 BC)
Hallstatt LaTene.png Celts: Hallstatt (yellow) and La Tène (green) cultures

The Romans

Roman expansion 264 BC Shepherd.jpg Territorial development of the Roman Empire 264 BC-192, including the conquest of present Spain
Map of Rome and Carthage at the start of the Second Punic War.svg The Roman Republic and Carthago in 218, just prior to the Second Punic War
Hannibal route of invasion.gif Hannibals invasion in the Punic Wars
Expansion of Rome, 2nd century BC.gif Roman Republic 100 BCE
Roman Empire in 50 BC.png Map of the Roman Empire in 50
Roman Empire.png The extent of the Roman Republic and Roman Empire;
   133 BC
   44 BC (late Republic, after conquests by republican generals)
   AD 14 (death of Augustus)
   117 (maximum extension)
Roman Legions camps - AD 80.png Camps of the Roman Legions in 80
Romia Imperio.png Map of the Roman Empire in 116
Roman empire.png Roman Empire in 117
Hispania1.jpg Hispania under Octavio César Augusto (29-19 a. J. C.), after the Cantabrians Wars
Iberian Peninsula in 125.svg Hispania under Hadrian, 125 AD
Hispania2.JPG Hispania under Diocletian, 293 AD
Hispania 1a division provincial.PNG Roman provinces in Iberia
Hispania 2a division provincial.PNG
Hispania 3a division provincial.PNG
REmpire-02 Hispania Lusitania.png Roman province of Lusitania
Lusitania-karte 3-1275x1575.png
Roman empire 395.jpg Roman Empire divided 395
Theodosius I's empire.png The division of the Empire after the death of Theodosius I, ca.395 AD superimposed on modern borders.
Extent of Western Roman Empire 395.png Western Roman Empire 395
Invasions of the Roman Empire 1.png Invasions of the Roman Empire 100-500
Karte völkerwanderung.jpg Invasions of the Roman Empire 100-500
Rome406.jpeg Division of the Roman Empire in 406
Iberia 409-429.svg Iberia in 409-429
Map-Hispania 411 Ru.png Iberia in 411
Spain 411 ru.svg Iberia in 411
Hispania 418 AD.PNG Iberia in 418
Alan kingdom hispania.png Kingdom of the Alans, 409-426

The Visigoths

Hispania3c.JPG Iberian Peninsula Around 560 AC
Visigoth migrations.jpg Visigoths migrations
Visigoth Kingdom.jpg Kingdom of the Visigoths
Hispania 565.png Spain in 564
Hispania3c.JPG Visigoths and Sueves
Reino de Galicia Suevos.png Kingdom of Suvean Galicia

Muslim Iberia and the Christian countries

Arabempire isoch.png Umayyad Caliphate
Age of Caliphs.png Conquest by the Caliphs
Califate 750.jpg Caliphate around 750
Europe 814.jpg Europe in 814
Al-Andalus-de-910.jpg Emirate of Cordoba
Coras del Emirato de Córdoba.png Coras of Emirate of Cordoba (b. 929)
Al-Andalus-de-910.jpg Emirate of Cordoba
Califato de Córdoba - 1000.svg Calfiphate of Cordoba around 1000
Iberia 1031 (norsk).jpg Iberia in 1031
Taifas.gif Iberia in 1031
Taifa de Zaragoza.jpg Taifas in 1080
Reinos de Taifas 1080.png Taifas in 1080
Almoravid-empire-01.svg Empire of the Almoravides (in Spanish)
Almoravid-empire-en.svg Empire of the Almoravides (in English)

Reconquista

Spanish reconquista.gif The Reconquista
Spain Reconquista cities.png Reconquest of the main cities by year
[[|border|251x400px]] Conquest of Andalus
Almoravid map reconquest loc.jpg The Reconquista
Almohad map reconquest loc.jpg The Reconquista
Pt-Reconquista2.jpg The Reconquista
Aragonese Empire.PNG Aragonese Empire
Imperio de Aragón.png Aragonese Empire
Región histórica de Castilla.png Historical Castillia

United Spain

Viajes de colon.jpg Columbus voyages 1492-1504
Charles I and V empire.png The (Habsburg) Empire of Charles I/V.
   Castile
   Aragon
   Burgundy
   Habsburg
Habsburg Map 1547.jpg Habsburg Empire in 1547
Spain1580.gif Area ruled by the Spanish king around 1580 on a map showing modern-day state borders
Routes of the Spanish Armada.gif Routes of the Armada against Britain and the Netherlands
Spanish Empire Anachronous 0.PNG Spanish colonial empire
New Spain.png New Spain
Europe map Napoleon 1811.png Europe under Napoleon
Agosto Septiembre 1936.png Civil War in 1936
Octubre 1937.png Civil War in 1937
Noviembre 1938.png Civil War in 1938
Spanish Map 1939.PNG Civil War in 1939, White: Spanish Republic Grey: Fascist
Morocco-spanish-protectorate-1955-a.svg Spanish Protectorate of Morocco

Old maps

This section holds copies of original general maps older than 70 years of this entry.

Spanien Portugal 1905.png Spain in 1905, Bibliothek allgemeinen und praktischen Wissens für Militäranwärter Band I, 1905

Ethno-linguistic maps

Spain languages.PNG Languages of Spain:
   Catalan, co-official
   Basque, co-official
   Galician, co-official
   Astur-Leonese, unofficial
   Aragonese, unofficial
   Aranese, co-official (dialect of Occitan)
   Extremaduran, unofficial
   Fala, unofficial
Lenguas-espana.jpg Languages of Spain and dialects of Castillian
Dialectos del castellano en España.png Castillian dialects
Map-Hispanophone World.png Hispanophone world
Iberianova.png This would be roughly the political configuration of the Iberian Peninsula if joining many of the thoughts of nationalist and regionalist parties. A Spanish State would be composed by the traditional regions or nations of Castile (Burgos, Soria, Palencia, Valladolid, Segovia, Avila, Madrid, La Rioja, Cantabria, Toledo, Ciudad Real, Cuenca, Albacete, Guadalajara, Caceres, Badajoz, Murcia), Leon (Leon, Zamora, Salamanca, Asturias), Aragon (Huesca, Zaragoza, Teruel) and Andalusia (Huelva, Jaen, Malaga, Granada, Cadiz, Sevilla, Cordoba, Almeria), while 4 apart independent European states would be the Basque Country (Bizkaia, Gipuzkoa, Alava, Navarre), the Catalan Countries (Barcelona, Lleida, Girona, Tarragona, Castellon, Valencia, Alicante), Galicia (A Coruña, Lugo, Ourense, Pontevedra), and naturally Portugal.

Other maps

Coasts of Spain map.png Coasts of Spain
Population densities in Spain (2005).png Density of population
[[|border|251x400px]] Agglomerations in Spain
Distribución de la población extranjera en España (2005).png Foreign population
Demografía urbana de España.png Main agglomerations in Spain
Ports-spain.jpg Major seaports of Spain
Airports-spain.jpg Major airports of Spain
Nucleares.png Nuclear power plants in Spain
Hydoelectric-spain.png Hydroelectric power stations >100MW.
Spain-Railways.png Spanish Railway Network
AVE-Diciembre2007.png The AVE Hight speed Railway Network

Satellite maps

Iberian peninsula.jpg Satellite map
Satellite image of Spain in January 2003.jpg Satellite map

Notes and references

General remarks:

  • The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
  • Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
  • Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
  • The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
  • The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.

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Maps of divisions

This section holds maps of the administrative divisions.

Maps of divisions

This section holds maps of the administrative divisions.

Maps of divisions

This section holds maps of the administrative divisions.