Atlas of Switzerland

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Switzerland

Flag of Switzerland.svg

Schweiz
Suisse
Svizzera
Svizra

Deutsch Die Schweiz – Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft

Die Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft ist ein Binnenstaat in Mitteleuropa. Der Name Schweiz ist die ins Hochdeutsche übertragene Form des Kantonsnamens Schwyz, der auf die gesamte Eidgenossenschaft verallgemeinert wurde. Die Schweiz liegt zwischen Bodensee und Genfersee, Alpenrhein und Jura, Hochrhein und Alpensüdrand. Sie grenzt nördlich an Deutschland (345.7 km Grenzlänge), östlich an Liechtenstein (41.1 km) und Österreich (165.1 km), südlich an Italien (734.2 km). Der westliche Nachbar ist Frankreich mit 571.8 km gemeinsamer Grenzlänge. Somit hat die Schweiz eine Grenzlänge von 1857.9 km.

Français La Suisse – Confédération suisse

La Confédération suisse est un pays d’Europe bordé par l’Allemagne, la France, l’Italie, l’Autriche et le Liechtenstein. Le pays a une longue tradition de neutralité politique et militaire, et abrite de nombreuses organisations internationales.

Italiano La Svizzera – Confederazione Svizzera

La Confederazione Svizzera è uno stato dell’Europa centrale. Confina a nord con la Germania, ad est con il Liechtenstein e l’Austria, a sud con l’Italia, a ovest con la Francia. La capitale federale è Berna, che è anche capitale dell’omonimo cantone.

Rumantsch La Svizra – Confederaziun svizra

La Confederaziun svizra è in pajais da l’Europa centrala, fundà l’onn 1291 entras in Patg Federal. Sia chapitala è Berna. Las linguas uffizialas èn il tudestg, il franzos, il talian ed il rumantsch. Cunfinescha cun la Frantscha el vest, la Germania el nord, l’Austria ed il Liechtenstein egl ost, e l’Italia el sid. La pli auta muntogna è il Monte Rosa en il Vallais; il pli lung flum il Rain.

English Switzerland - Swiss Confederation

The Swiss Confederation is a landlocked alpine country in Central Europe. The country, which is bordered by ► Germany to the north, ► France to the west, ► Italy to the south, and ► Austria and ► Liechtenstein to the east, was historically a confederation, and has been a federation since 1848. Switzerland has a strong economy in finance and banking, and a long and strong tradition of political and military neutrality. This background allows Switzerland to host various international co-operations and organizations.


Short name  Switzerland
Official  name Swiss Confederation
Status Independent country since 1291, recognized de facto 1499, de jure 1648
Location Central Europe
Capital Bern (de facto)
Population 8,183,800 (June 2014), thereof 1,964,500 foreigners (24 %) inhabitants
Area 41,285 km²
Major  languages German, French, Italian, Romansh (all official)
Major  religions Roman Catholicism, Protestantism
More information Switzerland, Geography of Switzerland, History of Switzerland and Politics of Switzerland
More  images Switzerland - Switzerland (Category).

General maps

LocationSwitzerland.svg Location of Switzerland
Localisation de Suisse
Localizzazione della Svizzera
Sz-map.gif Map of Switzerland
Carte de Suisse
Mappa della Svizzera
Karte Schweiz.png Map of Switzerland
Carte de Suisse
Mappa della Svizzera
Swissmap.png Map of Switzerland
Carte de Suisse
Mappa della Svizzera
KARTE schweiz verwaltungsgliederung.png Cantons of Switzerland
Cantons de Suisse
Cantoni della Svizzera
Carte suisse2.png Cantons of Switzerland (in French)
Cantons de Suisse
Cantoni della Svizzera (in francese)
Karte Schweiz Details.png Cantons of Switzerland (in German)
Cantons de Suisse (en allemand)
Cantoni della Svizzera (in tedesco)
705x466-Suisse topog 5°5 11° 45°5 48°.PNG Topographical Map
Mappa topografica
Switzerland, administrative divisions - de - colored.svg Cantons of Switzerland
Cantoni della Svizzera

History maps

This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day Switzerland, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day Switzerland.

Celts 800-400BC.PNG Possible extent of (proto-)Celtic influence 800-400 BC

Die Kelten in Europa. Ocker: Kernbereich Nordwestalpine Hallstattkultur (ca. 750–500/450 v. Chr.) grün: Ausbreitung La-Tène-Kultur, bzw. orange: der keltischen Sprache (3. Jh. v. Chr.)
Distribution of Celts in Europe.png Celts in Europe

Die Kelten in Europa
RomanEmpire 117.svg The Roman Empire in 117 AD
Roman Empire.png The extent of the Roman Republic and Roman Empire;
   133 BC
   44 BC (late Republic, after conquests by republican generals)
   AD 14 (death of Augustus)
   117 (maximum extension

Die territoriale Entwicklung der Römische Republik und des Römischen Reiches. )
Historische Karte CH Helvet.png Celic tribes in Switzerland at the time of Roman conquest

Keltische Stämme in der Schweiz zur Zeit der Römischen Eroberung
Historische Karte CH Rom 1.png Switzerland during the Roman period 90–284 AD

Die Schweiz zur Zeit der Römer ca. 90. n. Chr. bis 284 n. Chr
Römische Provinzen im Alpenraum ca 14 n Chr.png Roman provinces in the Alps around 14 AD

Römische Provinzen im Alpenraum um 14 n. Chr.
Römische Provinzen im Alpenraum ca 150 n Chr.png Roman provinces in the Alps around 150 AD

Römische Provinzen im Alpenraum um 150 n. Chr.
Römische Provinzen im Alpenraum 395 n Chr.png Roman provinces in the Alps around 395 AD

Römische Provinzen im Alpenraum um 395 n. Chr.
Alemannia-260.png Territory of the Alemanni 260 AD

Siedlungsgebiet der Alemannen 260 AD
Alemanni expansion.png Further expansion between 3rd and 6th century

Territoriale Ausbreitung der Alemannen zwischen dem 3. und 6. Jahrhundert
Theodosius I's empire.png The division of the Empire after the death of Theodosius I, ca.395 AD superimposed on modern borders.

Die Teilung des Römischen Reiches rund dem jahre 395.
   Western Roman Empire/Weströmischen Reich
   Eastern Roman Empire/Oströmischen Reich
Map Burgundian Kingdom EN.png Kingdom of the Burgundians between 443 and 476 AD

Das Reich der Burgunder zwischen 443 und 476 n. Chr.
Frankish Empire 481 to 814-en.svg Rise of the Frankish Empire
Carolingian Empire map 1895.jpg Carolingian Empire around 800
843-870 Europe.jpg Treaty of Verdun (843) and Treaty of Meerssen (870)
Central Europe 919-1125.jpg Central Europe 919–1125
Karte Hoch und Niederburgund EN.png The kingdoms of Upper-Burgundy, Lower-Burgundy and the Duchy of Burgundy in the 9th and 10th century

Die Königreiche Hoch- und Niederburgund und das Herzogtum Burgund im 9. und 10 Jahrhundert
Alamannien Hochburgund ca 1000.png Alemannia and Upper Burgundy around AD 1000
Map Kingdom Arelat EN.png The Kingdom of Arelate in the 12th and 13th century

Das Königreich Arelat im 12. und 13. Jahrhundert
HRR 10Jh.jpg The Holy Roman Empire in the 10th century

Das Heilige Römische Reich im 10. Jahrhundert
Schweiz Frühmia Adel.svg Switzerland 1200

Feudalherrschaften in der Schweiz um 1200
Schweiz MA Verkehr.svg Roads in Switzerland in the Middle Ages

Verkehrswege in der Schweiz im Mittelalter
Hist kirchl Einteilung CH.png Ecclesiastal divisions in the Middle Ages

Kirchliche Einteilung der Schweiz im Mittelalter
Territorial-development-Swiss Confederacy.png Territorial development 1291–1797
HRR 14Jh.jpg The Holy Roman Empire in the 14th century
Historische Karte CH 1315.png The confederacy in 1315
Historische Karte CH 1385.png The confederacy in 1385
Historische Karte CH 1416.png Political structure 1416

Politische Struktur 1416
Karte Alter Zuerichkrieg.png Zurich War 1436-1450

Alter Zürichkrieg 1436
Historische Karte CH 1474.png The confederacy in 1474
Struktur Eidgenossenschaft 1474.png Political structure 1474

Politische Struktur 1474
Burgunderkriege.png Burgundian War 1474–1477

Burgunderkriege 1474–1477
Map Swabian War.png Swabian War 1499

Schwabenkrieg 1499
Imperial Circles 1512 en.png The Holy Roman Empire and its circles in 1512
Historische Karte CH 1515.png The confederacy in 1515
Struktur Eidgen 1530.png Political structure 1530

Politische Struktur 1530
Historische Karte CH 1530 R.png Religious situation around 1530

Verteilung der Konfessionen um 1530
Historische Karte CH 1536.png The confederacy in 1536
Historische Karte CH 1536 E.png Religious situation around 1536

Verteilung der Konfessionen um 1536

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Historische Karte CH 1560.png Political structure 1560

Politische Struktur 1560
Holyromanempire.png Area controlled by the Holy Roman Empire around 1630
HRR 1648.png The Holy Roman Empire 1648

Das Heilige Römische Reich 1648
Historische Karte CH 1700 E.png Religious situation around 1700

Verteilung der Konfessionen um 1700
Karte Zweiter Villmergerkrieg 1712.png Second War of Villmergen 1712

Zweiter Villmergerkrieg 1712
Historische Karte CH 18 Jh.png The confederacy in the 18th century
Struktur Eidgenossenschaft.png Political structure in the 18th century

Politische Struktur im 18. Jahrhundert
Karte Helvetik 2.png Plan of Dividing the Confederacy in three Republics 1798
Karte Helvetik 1.png Helvetian Republic 1798 according to the draft of the First Helvetian Constitution
Karte Helvetik 3.png Helvetian Republic 1798/99 according to the First Helvetian Constitution
Karte Helvetik 4.png Helvetian Republic 1802 according to the Second Helvetian Constitution
Karte Helvetik 4 Malmaison.png Helvetian Republic 1802 according to the Constitution of Malmaison
CH Religionen 1800.jpg Religions around 1800
Karte Mediation.png Switzerland 1803–1813
Dep-fr.jpg The First French Empire under Napoleon
Schweiz Wiener Kongress.png Switzerland and the Vienna Congress
Karte Schweiz 1815.png Switzerland 1815-1847
Sonderbund.png Sonderbund War 1847

Der Sonderbundskrieg 1847

Old maps

This section holds copies of original general maps more than 70 years old.

Schweizkarte.jpg Die Eydtgnoschafft, Pünten und Wallis, Helvetia cum Confiniis, map from 1637
Schweiz Karte 1762.jpg Schweizerland 1762
Helvetische Republik.jpg Suisse ou République Helvétique 1798
Schweiz Mediation.jpg Carte de la Suisse, 1803
Stielers Handatlas 1891 16.jpg Switzerland 1891, Stielers Handatlas
Suisse geographique.jpg Map of Switzerland (1907, Diercke)
Schweiz 1905.png Switzerland 1905


Linguistic maps

Karte Schweizer Sprachgebiete 2013.2.png Languages of Switzerland 2013
Lingue della Svizzera (2013)
Swiss languages.png Languages of Switzerland
Lingue della Svizzera
Map Languages CH.png Languages of Switzerland
Lingue della Svizzera
Sprachen CH 2000.png Same map in German
Lingue della Svizzera (in tedesco)
Continental West Germanic languages.png Dialectal ranges (not those of standard languages) of the Continental West Germanic languages


Other maps

Karte Grossregionen der Schweiz 2013.2.png Geographical regions 2013
Aree geografiche (2013)
Switzerland topographic 2.jpg Topographical map of Switzerland
Mappa topografica della Svizzera
Karte Berggebietsregionen der Schweiz 2013.2.png Mountain area regions of Switzerland 2013
Aree montagne della Svizzera (2013)
Régions suisses 1.png Natural regions of Switzerland
Aree naturali della Svizzera
Suisse-regions.png Geological regions of Switzerland
Aree geologiche della Svizzera
Suisse hydrologie.svg Hydrological map of Switzerland
Mappa idrologica della Svizzera
Karte Religionen der Schweiz 2013.04.14.png Religions in Switzerland 2013
Religioni in Svizzera (2013)
Bistuemer CH 2006.png Catholic diocesises in Switzerland 2006

Katholische Bistümer in der Schweiz 2006
Diocesi cattoliche in Svizzera (2006)
Distrib citta svizzera.png Cities of Switzerland
Città della Svizzera
Image-Swiss-Highway-network-en.png Highways
Autostrade
Karte Hist Entwicklung der Eisenbahn Schweiz.jpg Development of the Swiss railway system until 1907
Sviluppo del sistema ferroviario svizzero fino al 1907
Railwaysystem Switzerland.png Swiss railway lines 2009
Linee ferroviarie svizzere (2009)
Alemannic language location map in 1950-de.svg Alemanic language area 1950

Der Alemannische Sprachraum um 1950
Area germanofona nel 1950

Satellite maps

Switzerland composite NASA.jpg Satellite map
Mappa satellitare

External links


Notes and references

General remarks:

  • The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
  • Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
  • Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
  • The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
  • The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.

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Netherlands Antilles