Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania ni nchi iliyoko Afrika ya Mashariki. Imepakana na Uganda na Kenya upande wa Kaskazini, Bahari Hindi upande wa mashariki, Msumbiji, Malawi na Zambia upande wa kusini, Kongo, Burundi, Rwanda na Uganda upande wa magharibi. Nchini Tanzania kuna lugha za kikabila zaidi ya mia moja. Hakuna lugha rasmi ya sheria. Lakini Kiswahili ni lugha ya kitaifa ya Tanzania. Kiswahili kinatumika kama lugha baina ya watu wa makabila mbalimbali na kwa mambo ya rasmi; kwa hiyo Kiswahili ni lugha rasmi ya dhati. Baada ya uhuru, Kiingereza (iliyokuwa lugha ya kikoloni kabla ya uhuru) iliendelea kutumika kwa mambo kadhaa ya rasmi, na kwa hiyo ilichukuliwa lugha rasmi ya dhati pamoja na Kiswahili. Lakini utumizi wa rasmi wa Kiingereza imepungua katika milongo iliyopita, na sasa utumizi huu karibu umekwisha. Kwa hiyo siku hizi ni kawaida zaidi kuchugulia Kiswahili kama lugha rasmi ya dhati ya pekee. Tanzania ni nchi mwanachama wa Jumuiya ya Afrika ya Mashariki.
The United Republic of Tanzania is a country on the east coast of Africa. It is bordered by ► Kenya and ► Uganda on the north, ► Rwanda, ► Burundi and the ► Democratic Republic of the Congo on the west, and ► Zambia, ► Malawi and ► Mozambique on the south. To the east it borders the Indian Ocean. The country is named after Tanganyika, its mainland part, and the ► Zanzibar islands off its east coast. The country has been a member of the Commonwealth since gaining independence in 1961. In 1964, Tanganyika united with Zanzibar, forming the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar, later renamed to the United Republic of Tanzania. In 1996, Tanzania's capital was officially moved from Dar es Salaam to Dodoma, although many government offices still remain in the old capital.
This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day Tanzania, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day Tanzania.
This section holds copies of original general maps older than 70 years of this entry.
Zanzibar and the coast of Tanganyika
German East Africa (1894)
National Parks and major protected areas
Notes and references
The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
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Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.