The introductions of the country, dependency and region entries are in the native languages and in English. The other introductions are in English.
- 中国 中华人民共和国 
- 中華人民共和國 中國 
- People's Republic of China China
is a country located mostly in East Asia, with a smaller proportion of its area located in Central Asia. It has borders with People's Republic of China ► North Korea, ► Russia, ► Mongolia, ► Kazakhstan, ► Kyrgyzstan, ► Tajikistan with ► Gorno-Badakhshan, ► Afghanistan, ► Kashmir, disputed by China, ► Pakistan and ► India, ► Nepal, ► India, ► Bhutan, ► Myanmar, ► Laos and ► Vietnam, its own special administrative regions of ► Hong Kong and ► Macau. Furthermore it has maritime borders with ► South Korea, ► Japan, ► Taiwan (Republic of China (claimed by China) and the ► Philippines. It claims the ► Paracel Islands and the ► Spratly Islands, whch leads to additional borders with ► Indonesia, ► Malaysia and ► Brunei. With over one-fifth of the world's population, the PRC has the world's largest population. At over 3.7 million square miles (over 9.5 million km²), the PRC is the third or fourth largest country by area. China has five autonomous regions: ► Tibet, ► Xinjiang, ► Inner Mongolia, ► Ningxia and ► Guangxi.
People's Republic of China
Independent country, statehood since 1766 BCE
Mandarin Chinese (official), variations of Chinese and minority languages. Main other language is Cantonese.
Chinese folk religion (worship of gods and ancestors, Confucianism and Taoism), Buddhism, non-religious population
China, Geography of the China, History of the China and Politics of the China
China - China (Category).
Geographic map of China
Map of China
Map of China
Geographic map of China and surroundings (Chinese)
Sino-Indian border, eastern section
Sino-Indian border, western section
Maps of divisions
This section holds maps of the administrative divisions.
This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day China, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day China.
Specific maps of the history of
Taiwan are included in the Atlas of the Republic of China.
Han civilization 87 BCE
Han Civilization 2 BCE
Han foreign relations
Western Han Dinasty
Han Dinasty 189
Ming Dynasty (1368-1644)
Qing Empire and nearby countries (1700)
Qing Dynasty (1820)
Qing Dynasty (1892)
Civil War (1928-1937)
Republic of China (1930)
Manchukuo as Japanse puppet state
Map of Manchukuo
Growth of the Japanese Empire
Japanese plans in 1941
Situation in October 1944
Movement of the Republic of China to Taiwan
This section holds copies of original general maps older than 70 years of this entry.
Map of China 1936
Map of Manchukuo
Maps of autonomous regions
see also Atlas of Hong Kong, Atlas of Macau and Atlas of Tibet
Nationalities of Xinjiang
Notes and references
The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to
maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references. Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the
Atlas of Turkey.
↑ Romanization according to the Hanyu Pinyin standard: Zhōngguó - Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó.
↑ Yue Chinese (Cantonese)
↑ Only romanization of the short name: Heūnggóng.
↑ Romanization according to the Hanyu Pinyin standard: Běijīng.
Entries available in the atlas