Pacific Ocean divided up into WWII Allied commands.
South Pacific, 1942.
Map of southwest Pacific area in 1942-1943.
Strategic situation in South Pacific, summer 1942. Red circles are Japanese bases. Blue arrows are Allied shipping and communication lines between U.S. and Australia and New Zealand.
Allied lines of communication in the South Pacific, 1942.
Solomon and Santa Cruz Islands and New Caledonia area, 1942.
Map of the Solomon and Santa Cruz Islands.
U.S. Marine General Alexander A. Vandegrift.
Organization of Allied South Pacific Forces at the inception of Task 1 (invasion of Guadalcanal), 1942.
Organization of Allied Forces for Task One, invasion of Guadalcanal, August, 1942.
Allied Task Organization and Command Structure, Guadalcanal-Tulagi Assaults, August 1942.
Equipment for the U.S. 1st Marine Division's invasion of Guadalcanal, including amphibious tractors, is prepared in New Zealand prior to the operation.
The airfield at Lunga Point on Guadalcanal, later called Henderson Field by the Allies, seen under construction by the Japanese in July, 1942.
U.S. Marines enter a landing boat during rehearsals on July 26, 1942 in the Fiji Islands for the Guadalcanal operation that were to take place on August 7, 1942.
Enroute to Guadalcanal, RAdm Richmond Kelly Turner, commander of the Amphibious Force, and MajGen Alexander A. Vandegrift, 1st Marine Division commander, review the Operation Watchtower plan for landings in the Solomon Islands.
MajGen Alexander A. Vandegrift, CG, 1st Marine Division, confers with his staff on board the transport USS McCawley (APA-4) enroute to Guadalcanal.
Organization of Allied Landing Force for Task One, invasion of Guadalcanal, August, 1942.
Guadalcanal on August 7, 1942.
Routes of landing and carrier forces to Guadalcanal and back for August 7, 1942 landings.
Routes of Allied landing forces to Tulagi and Guadalcanal islands, August 7, 1942.
Cruising disposition of Allied warships and transports for the landingson Guadalcanal and Tulagi, August 7, 1942.
Routes and targets of Allied landing forces, August 7, 1942.
Route of Allied landing forces invading landing on Guadalcanal and Tulagi, August 7, 1942.
Approach and routes of Allied Task Forces 61 & 62 to Guadalcanal, August, 1942.
Guadalcanal-Tulagi Objective Area for Allied landings, August 7, 1942.
An SBD carrying a bomb takes-off from Enterprise on August 7, 1942 to support Allied forces landing on Guadalcanal and Tulagi Islands.
Tanambogo Island after Allied bombardment during the landings on August 7, 1942.
Tanambogo after Allied bombardment, August 7, 1942.
Tanambogo and Gavutu Islands during or shortly after the battle to take them on August 7, 1942.
Battle of Gavutu and Tanambogo, near Tulagi, between U.S. and Japanese forces August 7, 1942.
Allied landings on Tulagi and nearby islands, August 7, 1942.
Map of landings on Tulagi and surrounding islands, August 7, 1942.
Allied forces land on Florida Island, August 7, 1942.
Allied forces wade ashore at "Beach Blue" on Tulagi, August 7, 1942.
Aerial view of southeast end of Tulagi, showing prison, August 7, 1942.
Aerial view of Tulagi and surrounding islands, August 7, 1942.
Tulagi Island, Solomon Islands annotated vertical aerial photograph, prepared for planning purposes shortly before the island was captured by U.S. Marines on 7-8 August 1942.
Officers and petty officers of the 3d Kure Special Naval Landing Force which seized Tulagi and Gavutu in May 1942. The majority of these Japanese subsequently died defending their capture against U.S. Marines.
Brigadier General William H. Rupertus, USMC, (center) on board USS Neville (AP-16) during the landings on Tulagi, circa 7-8 August 1942.
Dock facilities on Tulagi after Allied bombardment, August 7, 1942.
Smoke rises from Tulagi after bombing by U.S. carrier aircraft on 7 August 1942, the day U.S. Marines landed to capture the island. The destroyer at left is either USS Ellet (DD-398) or USS Wilson (DD-408).
U.S. ADVANCE ALONG TULAGI was executed during the morning of 7 August by Col Edson's 1st Raider Battalion as shown in this overprinted photograph. Phase Line A was in Marine hands by 1120.
U.S. FINAL ASSAULTS ON TULAGI's remaining Japanese positions were delivered August 7 & 8, 1942, by elements of 1st Raider Battalion and 2d Battalion, 5th Marines, as shown on overprint.
Allied transports off Tulagi, August 7, 1942.
Transports and destroyers off Tulagi during the landings there, circa 7-8 August 1942. Photographed from USS Chicago (CA-29).
HMAS Canberra underway off Tulagi, during the landings there, 7-8 August 1942. Three transports are among the ships visible in the distance, with Tulagi and Florida Islands beyond.
Japanese and Korean POWs captured during the battle.