Pacific Ocean divided up into WWII Allied commands.
South Pacific, 1942.
Map of southwest Pacific area in 1942-1943.
Strategic situation in South Pacific, summer 1942. Red circles are Japanese bases. Blue arrows are Allied shipping and communication lines between U.S. and Australia and New Zealand.
Allied lines of communication in the South Pacific, 1942.
Solomon and Santa Cruz Islands and New Caledonia area, 1942.
Map of the Solomon and Santa Cruz Islands.
Captain Martin Clemens, Australian Coastwatcher on Guadalcanal rendered invaluable services to the Marines. These natives were all members of the Solomon Islands police force.
U.S. Marine General Alexander A. Vandegrift.
Japanese soldier demonstrates use of the Model 89 (1929) 50mm Heavy Grenade Discharger. Often called a "knee mortar" by U.S. troops, they were used extensively in Pacific battles by Japanese forces, including on Guadalcanal.
Lieutenant General Harukichi Hyakutake in front of HQ at Rabaul.
SGTMAJ VOUSA, British Solomon Islands Constabulary, as he first appeared to U.S. Marines on Guadalcanal, August, 1942. Vouza was captured by the Japanese, tortured and repeatedly bayonetted, but refused to divulge information. Despite serious wounds he escaped, and survived not only to conduct many patrols but to receive U.S. and British decorations.
The first Allied aircraft to land at Henderson Field, a PBY Catalina, touches down on August 12, 1942. It evacuated two wounded U.S. Marines.
Map of U.S. Marine movements and action around Matanikau area, Guadalcanal, August 19, 1942.
Allied Lunga perimiter and Battle of the Tenaru River, Guadalcanal, August 21, 1942.
Map of Battle of Tenaru River (Ilu action), Guadalcanal, August 21, 1942.
Japanese Colonel Ichiki, commander of the battalion defeated in the Battle of the Tenaru River on August 21, 1942. He committed suicide shortly after the battle ended.
A U.S. Marine M3A1 Stuart tank on Guadalcanal in 1942.
Bodies of Japanese soldiers of Ichiki's battalion killed during the Battle of Tenaru River, August 21, 1942.
Dead Japanese soldiers lie on the sandbar at the mouth of Alligator Creek on Guadalcanal on August 21, 1942.