English: The Byzantine Empire or Eastern Roman Empire was the eastern section of the Roman Empire, with its capital at Constantinople (modern Istanbul), which remained in existence after the fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century. The Byzantine period is usually considered to extend from 395 to 1453.
The Byzantine Empire, 1265. The Historical Atlas, William R. Shepherd, 1911.
The Byzantine Empire, 1355. The Historical Atlas, William R. Shepherd, 1355.
Map of Byzantine Empire ca 550. Green indicates the conquests during Justinianus I:s reign.
Map of Byzantine Empire under Manuel Comnenus c.1180, during the Crusades.
Byzantine Empire after the 4th Crusade. The Latin Empire, Empire of Nicaea, Trebizond and Epiros. Borders are very uncertain