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English: The Caliphates — Islamic empires of the Islamic Golden Age (7th — 12th centuries).
- Territories ruled varied over time, across Western and Central Asia, west-central and North Africa, and southwestern Europe.
Тоҷикӣ: Халифат яке аз давлатҳои мусулмонии феодали буд.
This category has the following 13 subcategories, out of 13 total.