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Gangtok (Nepali and Hindi: गंगटोक) is the capital and largest town of the Indian state of Sikkim. Gangtok is located in the Shivalik Hills of the eastern Himalayan range, at an altitude of 1,437 metres (4,715 ft). The town has a population of thirty thousand belonging to different ethnicities such as Nepalis, Lepchas and Bhutia. Nestled within higher peaks of the Himalaya and enjoying a year-round mild temperate climate, Gangtok is at the centre of Sikkim’s tourism industry, and a popular Buddhist pilgrimage site after the construction of the Enchey Monastery. In 1975, after the integration with the union of India, Gangtok was made India's twenty-second state capital. The precise meaning of the name Gangtok is unclear, though the most popular meaning is "hill top". Today, Gangtok is a centre of Tibetan Buddhist culture and learning, with the presence of several monasteries, religious educational institutions, and centres for Tibetology.

Location: 27°19′48″N 88°37′12″E / 27.33000°N 88.62000°E / 27.33000; 88.62000


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