Category:Southwestern entrance mosaics (Hagia Sophia)

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English: The southwestern entrance mosaics, situated in the tympanum of the southwestern entrance of the Hagia Sophia, date from 944. They were rediscovered during the restorations of 1849. The Virgin Mother Mary sits on a throne without a back, her feet resting on a pedestal, embellished with precious stones. The Child Christ sits on her lap, giving His blessing and holding a scroll in His left hand. On her left side stands emperor Constantine the Great (ΚΩΝCΤΑΝΤΙΝΟC Ο ΕΝ ΑΓΙΟΙC ΜΕΓΑC ΒΑCΙΛΕΥC, "Constantine the Great Emperor, among the Saints") in ceremonial attire, presenting a model of the city to Mary. On her right side stands emperor Justinian I (ΙΟΥCΤΙΝΙΑΝΟC Ο ΑΟΙΔΙΜΟC ΒΑCΙΛΕΑC, "Justinian the renowned Emperor"), offering a model of the Hagia Sophia. The medallions on both sides of the Virgin's head carry the monograms MP and ΘY, an abbreviation of ΜΗΤΗΡ ΘΕΟΥ, meaning "Mother of God".