Category:Temple of Baal-Shamin in Palmyra

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Beelshamen (Baal-Shamin), also known as Shamayim (or Sulayman) "lord of the heavens", was a supreme deity and the sky god of pre-Islamic Palmyra in ancient Syria.

The exact etymology of the name "Palmyra" is unknown, although some scholars believe it was related to the palm trees in the area. Others, however, believe it may have come out of an incorrect translation of the name "Tadmor" (cf. Colledge, Seyrig, Starcky, and others). The city was first mentioned in the archives of Mari in the second millennium BC. It was another trading city in the extensive trade network that linked Mesopotamia and northern Syria. Tadmor is mentioned in the Hebrew Bible (Second Book of Chronicles 8:4) as a desert city built (or fortified) by the King Solomon of Judea:

There had been a temple at Palmyra for 2000 years before the Romans ever saw it. Its form, a large stone-walled chamber with columns outside, is much closer to the sort of thing attributed to Solomon than to anything Roman. It is mentioned in the Bible as part of Solomon's Kingdom. In fact, it says he built it. -Terry Jones and Alan Ereira, Terry Jones' Barbarians, p. 183


Media in category "Temple of Baal-Shamin in Palmyra"

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