Commons:在其他地方使用維基共享資源的內容

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這一頁是給想從維基共享資源中使用圖片,再使用於自己的網站、印刷或是其他地方的人。(text and/or graphics) from the Wikimedia projects — on their own website, in print, or otherwise. It focuses on Commons as this is explicitly a collection of reusable media.幾乎沒有擁有維基百科sites &mdash的內容,那是屬於「個別貢獻者」所有的。但大部分都可 自由再利用無須個別授權 under the terms of the particular license it is under — depending on what you want to do with it, you probably do not need to obtain a specific statement of permission from the Licensor.

當著作權與版權訊息 supplied for each image is believed to be accurate, 維基媒體基金會 does not provide any warranty regarding the 版權狀態 or correctness of licensing terms. 如你決定要再利用維基共享資源上的檔案, you should make your own determination of the copyright status of each image just as you would when obtaining images from other sources.

Warning on images of people: Even if a given image is pre-cleared with regard to copyright, this does not mean the image is pre-cleared with regards to possible personality rights, moral rights or model release, depending on jurisdiction. Take care with context when reusing images of people.


一個簡單的流程, licenses and license obligations when reusing.

使用於維基共享計畫的版權[edit]

文字[edit]

於任何維基媒體的任何(除了維基新聞),擁有者是原本的編輯者,以GFDL發布。licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. Some individuals have also licensed their own contributions under additional licenses.

Wikinews is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 license (CC-BY).

圖像[edit]

從維基共享資源中拿的圖片會以一個自由license — possibly the GFDL, possibly something else. See Commons:Licensing.

Clicking on an image in any project will take you to the information page for that image. This will list information supplied by the uploader, including the copyright status, the copyright owner, and the license conditions.

合理使用規定(不適用於維基共享資源上的內容,「因其禁止合理使用」)[edit]

注意,有部份維基伺服器中的內容不是以自有版權發布的,尤其是某些在中文維基百科上的圖像。它們之中的多數是根據美國版權法中「合理使用」的條款使用。在你再次使用這些內容前,你應該確保你計畫使用素材的方式符合「合理使用」、「公平處理」或當地適用之著作權法中相同的條款。雖然這是一個著作權法中的複雜領域,但如果你不是這領域的專家,你可能會希望尋求符合法規的建議。

維基媒體基金會標誌[edit]

如果需要使用,請聯絡維基媒體基金會。

維基媒體基金會的標誌與其特定計畫的標誌(如維基百科與維基共享資源),是維基媒體基金會的註冊標誌,受版權保護。這些標誌一般不會用做其他用途,儘管可以明確允許使用於報導關於維基媒體基金會的媒體或新聞。個別地方的合理使用法律(如學術或特定用途)可能受到運用。

How to comply with the licenses[edit]

The sections below are summaries of the licenses, and how to comply.

If a work is published under a single license, all of the terms in that license must be followed. If a work is multi-licensed (that is, released under more than one license), re-users may choose which license's terms they wish to follow. Except for materials believed to be in the public domain, a link to the full text of the license(s) is included on the image description page. Some licenses also have a summary available.

Please read the full licenses for legal details. Neither the Wikimedia Foundation nor the creators of material on Wikimedia sites provide legal advice. If you need information about how a license applies to your particular situation, you should contact a suitable legal professional in your jurisdiction.

公有領域[edit]

在公有領域的作品(或當地的同義詞,例如「可用於任何用途」)是可在著作權法約束外使用的,不論是因為著作權保護期限期滿,或者因為該作品已經被它的創作者(們)明確地釋出至公有領域。須注意的是,部分國家在某些使用方式上關於著作人格權和其他限制的規定可能仍是有效的。

GNU 授權[edit]

GNU 自由文件授權[edit]

For simple redistribution, include the version you were given access to and its complete history with attribution,包括GFDL(linked on the 相同網站 or reprinted in印刷).

Re-users are free to make derivative works and複製, 散佈, 展示和表演 the work, even commercially. To comply, (a) release your version under the GFDL, (b) credit at least the five most substantial authors or content creators and (c) include a complete copy of the GFDL. In the case of derivative works you must also include the complete history section.

How you determine which five authors are considered to be substantial for the purpose of the GFDL is not defined in a legal sense. We suggest using one consistent method such as edit count, word count, hours contributed to the content, or something of a similar nature.

Any derivative works must stay under the GFDL.

When using a photo placed under the GFDL licence as part of a larger work, the larger work must also be released under GFDL for usage to be within the license terms. (We asked the Free Software Foundation, the creators of the license, for clarification of how much of e.g. a book counts as the "larger work" in these terms; they responded that no synopsis can substitute for what the text of the license says, and if in doubt the reuser should seek a proper legal opinion.)

GNU GPL and LGPL[edit]

The GNU General Public License (GPL) and Lesser General Public License (LGPL) are computer software licenses and are not usually used for text or media. However, some content on Commons (e.g. icons or screenshots from computer programs) is under the GPL or LGPL. See GPL.

For simple redistribution of such material, including altered versions, (a) release your version under the same license (b) supply the source version, i.e. something as editable as what you started with (e.g. image file, GIMP .xcf file, etc.).

Note that the GNU General Public License (GPL) and the GNU Free Document License (GFDL) are not compatible with each other. That means that content licensed under the GFDL as well as content licensed under the GPL can't be used together simultaneously in the same "work" — e.g. GPL computer program source embedded in GFDL explicatory text. However, a GPL image in a GFDL text page is usually regarded as an aggregation of two works rather than a single work.

創作共用[edit]

Most Creative Commons licenses are not free content licenses and will not be found as the sole allowable licence on Wikimedia Commons. The following are allowed and will be found here:

CC-BY[edit]

In the Creative Commons Attribution license (CC-BY), re-users are free to make derivative works and copy, distribute, display, and perform the work, even commercially.

You must attribute the work to the author(s), and when re-using the work or distributing it, you must mention the license terms or a link to them. You may choose whether to make future modified versions available under CC-BY.


CC-SA[edit]

In the Creative Commons Share Alike license (CC-SA), re-users are free to make derivative works and copy, distribute, display, and perform the work, even commercially.

When re-using the work or distributing it, you must mention the license terms or a link to them. You must make your version available under CC-SA.

CC-BY-SA[edit]

In the Creative Commons Attribution and Share Alike license (CC-BY-SA), re-users可以自由derivative works and copy, distribute, display, and perform the work, even commercially.

When re-using the work or distributing it, you must attribute the work to the author(s) and you must mention the license terms or a link to them. You must make your version available under CC-BY-SA.

Other free content licenses[edit]

See Commons:Copyright tags#Copyleft Attitude License and Commons:Copyright tags#Other free tags.

連絡上載者或作家[edit]

If you wish to use content under terms other than the free license, or to absolutely verify copyright status if you feel you need to, the person who put it onto a Wikimedia server may be able to assist.

The writer of a piece of text will be the person who made the edit putting it in the text; see the "history" tab for the page. The uploader of an image or piece of media is the person who placed it on a Wikimedia server — either the original content creator or someone who brought free content here from elsewhere. The uploader is named on the "file history" portion of the image description page.

在某些cases中,你可以連絡圖片上傳者,找出圖片的版權狀態。The original creator of the image may be willing to grant additional permissions.上傳者occasionally have access to 較高等的解析度 images than those present on the伺服器, particularly of their own work.

The Wikimedia Foundation generally cannot assist in locating users who have contributed material. You can try to contact them yourself in a number of ways:

  1. Some have contact information, such as a name and address or phone number, on their user page.
  2. Some can be contacted by email by clicking the "email this user" link listed in the toolbox on their user page.
  3. You can leave a message on their talk page by clicking on the "discussion" tab at the top of the user page, and then clicking the "+" tab that appears next to the "edit" tab once the discussion page is visible. Enter your message and click "save." (Your message will then be visible to the public).

Hotlinking[edit]

This page assumes you wish to copy individual items for your use. For media files, don't hotlink. Please copy them to your own server.

Wikimedia generally does not allow 'hot spider' services, where each time someone performs a search on their site, the query is redirected to our site. Outside reusers should either copy the content (small amounts one item at a time, large amounts from the database dumps) or contact the Foundation regarding a live feed (which can be arranged as a paid service).

使用後的意見[edit]

Category:Commons as a media source