Commons:Currency

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Currency is one of the most widely-available artifacts — practically anyone in a country using a certain currency can digitize it using a scanner. It's also highly informational, often pertinent not only to the currency itself, but to the subjects that it depicts, such as national symbols. This makes it a good candidate for inclusion in Wikimedia Commons. However, like other government works, the copyright status of currency designs varies from nation to nation and sometimes even between currencies in the same nation. Moreover, the use of reproductions of currency is carefully controlled by counterfeiting law. This page documents licensing requirements, tags, and printing requirements of various kinds of currency around the world and links the relevant categories on Wikimedia Commons.

Attention: a photograph of a coin has two requirements before it can be included. The first is that the design of the coin itself is not copyrighted, or permission has been obtained. The second is that the photographer agrees to license it under a free licence. A picture of a 3D-object creates in most jurisdictions a new copyright on the picture, something that is not the case when photographing pure 2D-objects. See "When to use the PD-Art tag" for more information.

Counterfeiting tag[edit]

The {{counterfeiting}} tag is used to describe the terms under which an image on Commons may be printed without violating criminal counterfeiting law. This is particularly important for projects such as the print version of Wikipedia and other derivative print uses, which would wish to avoid inadvertently violating these laws. Below is an example.

{{counterfeiting|Must be printed at a size of at most 18 cm (7 inches) long and in black and white.}}


Money Coin Icon.svg This work may be subject to criminal counterfeiting law.

To help avoid violation, be sure to comply with the following conditions: Must be printed at a size of at most 18 cm (7 inches) long and in black and white.

You are solely responsible for ensuring that you comply with relevant laws. See our general disclaimer.


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Countries[edit]

Albania[edit]

✓OK {{PD-Albania-exempt}}

Algeria[edit]

X mark.svg Not OK for the currency issued by the current Bank of Algeria. According to the Algerian copyright act, The works of the State made licitly available to the public may be freely used for non commercial purpose [...]. There is a non-commercial restriction that makes both coins or banknotes incompatible with Commons licensing policy.

This does not apply to the banknotes and coins issued by the Banque de l'Algérie, the banking authority during French rule (until 1958), because it was not an official body of the current Algerian state. Copyright status of this currency is currently undetermined.

Angola[edit]

X mark.svg Not OK No exception for currency in the Angolan Copyright Law.

Argentina[edit]

X mark.svg Not OK No exception for currency in the Argentine Copyright Law.

Armenia[edit]

✓OK Armenian currency is not copyrighted. Monetary items, together with other state symbols, are explicitly excluded from copyright by article 6 of Copyright law of Armenia.

Please use {{PD-AM-exempt}} for Armenian currency images.

Australia[edit]

X mark.svg Not OK (coins after 1969) The Royal Australian Mint claims copyright on the designs of coins made after 1 May 1969. See their website.

  • The Crimes (Currency) Act 1981 has provisions to prevent misleading reproductions of currency. The Reserve Bank of Australia website states that "Consent is not required for a representation that is not capable of misleading. However, the legislation places an obligation on those wanting to make the representation to ensure that it is not capable of misleading the public into believing it is a genuine note." See The Reserve Bank of Australia website.

Please us {{PD-Australia-currency}} for currency designed before 1 May 1969.

Austria[edit]

Pictogram voting question.svg Unknown At present many Commons images of Austrian coins and banknotes use {{PD-AustrianGov}}, but there is no evidence that coins and banknotes are considered official works in Austria.

Azerbaijan[edit]

✓OK Azerbaijan currency is not copyrighted. Monetary items, together with other state symbols, are explicitly excluded from copyright by article 7 of Copyright law of Azerbaijan.

Please use {{PD-AZ-exempt}} for Azerbaijan currency images.

Belarus[edit]

✓OK Belarusian currency is not copyrighted. Monetary items, together with other state symbols, are explicitly excluded from copyright by article 8 of Copyright law of Belarus.

Please use {{PD-BY-exempt}} for Belarus currency images.

Belgium[edit]

X mark.svg Not OK Banknotes denominated in Belgian francs issued by the National Bank of Belgium can still be exchanged for an undetermined period of time. The Bank still owns copyrights with regard to the design of the banknotes it has issued, in accordance with the legislation on intellectual property rights. Therefore, these banknotes may not be reproduced without the Bank's permission, subject to the observance of the conditions the Bank has laid down.

Same kind of restrictions apply to reproductions of Belgium banknotes as do to #Euro banknotes [1]

Bosnia and Herzegovina[edit]

X mark.svg Not OK

Bulgaria[edit]

X mark.svg Not OK Bulgarian National Bank require written permission for reproduction of Bulgarian banknotes and coins of all emissions in physical or electronic form.

Canada[edit]

X mark.svg Not OK "The Bank of Canada is the registered copyright owner of all design elements of Canadian bank notes [...] [T]he Bank's written permission for the reproduction of bank note images must be obtained before the image is reproduced." The sole exception is that "It is not necessary to request the Bank's permission to use bank note images for film or video purposes, provided that the images are intended to show a general indication of currency, and that there is no danger that the images could be misused."[1] Other images of Canadian currency might still be permitted on local Wikipedia projects under fair dealing.

Counterfeiting law will not apply to any printed replica of Canadian printed money that is "less than 3/4 or greater than 1 1/2 times the length or width of the bank note; and in black and white or only one-sided."[2]

Coins are copyrighted by the Royal Canadian Mint. There are charges for educational and commercial use, so they cannot be shown on Commons before the expiration of fifty years.

Chile[edit]

X mark.svg Not OK Pursuant to the exclusive authority of the Central Bank of Chile ("CBC") to issue banknotes and to coin money, in accordance to sections 28 eq seq. of its Constitutional Organic Act, express certainty is left that CBC has the intellectual property on the designs of the banknotes and coins in circulation, registered in the Department of Intellectual Property under N° 115.594. Therefore, total or partial publication or reproduction of such banknotes and coins without CBC consent is prohibited. Also, the breach of the aforementioned is subject to criminal and civil sanctions established by sections 78 eq seq. of the Act N° 17.336. - Banco Central de Chile

Croatia[edit]

X mark.svg Not OK The Croatian National Bank is the holder of all propietary rights and copyrights on kuna banknotes and kuna and lipa coins, and their reproduction is subject to prior approval of the Croatian National Bank (Article 24 of the Act on the Croatian National Bank, Official Gazette 75/2007) [3]

Czech Republic[edit]

✓OK Common legal tender of the Czech Republic is not subject to copyright as there is public interest in their exclusion from copyright protection (Article 3 of the Copyright Act [4][5]). This does not necessarily apply on special-issue coins (precious-metal coins, commemorative coins, special editions of coins for collectors, etc.).

A decree of the Czech National Bank (No. 274/2011 Coll. [6][7]) defines the terms and conditions under which it is possible to reproduce banknotes and coins and to produce objects imitating them:

For intangible reproductions of banknotes, it is required that their resolution does not exceed 72 dots per inch and they are marked with the word “Specimen” printed diagonally in an opaque colour and in a layer that cannot be separated from the image of the banknote, with the length of the word being at least 75% of the longer side of the banknote and the height being at least 15% of the shorter side of the banknote (or with another word of the same dimensions and similar meaning). Intangible images of coins may always be produced. (Tangible reproductions of banknotes and images have different conditions.)

Please use {{Money-CZ}} for Czech currency images.

Czechoslovak Socialist Republic (CSSR)[edit]

✓OK There is a legal succession of "Česká národní banka" (ČNB) for all precursor institutes ("Státní banka československá" (SBCS), "Národní banka Československá" until 1919). Therefore {{Money-CZ}} can be applied for czechoslovakian currency of former times and money of the first Slovakian Republic too.

Denmark[edit]

X mark.svg Not OK The National Bank of Denmark states at their homepage "Danmarks Nationalbank's copyright to the banknote and coin designs must be respected."

Specifically regarding coins it is also stated that although "there are no special guidelines for reproduction of coins", "Anyone reproducing coins should also be aware that state symbols and portraits of the Queen may not be reproduced without the permission of the Danish National Archives and the Court, respectively."

Answering a direct copyright clarification they refuse to answer any specific questions.

Estonia[edit]

Estonian currency was removed from the public domain in 2000. However, Bank of Estonia (Eesti Pank), which holds the copyright to the design of the currency, has allowed reproduction under certain terms:

  • Banknotes: As long as reproductions in advertising or illustrations cannot be mistaken for genuine banknotes they can be used without prior authorisation of the Bank of Estonia. Same kind of restrictions apply to reproductions of Estonian kroon banknotes as do to euro banknotes (see #Euro).[2]
  • Coins: Reproduction in a non-relief (drawings, paintings, films) format is authorised, provided they are not detrimental to the image of the Estonian kroon.

Please use {{EEK banknote}} or {{EEK coin}} for Estonian currency images.

Euro[edit]

Shortcut
COM:EURO

The rules for reproducing Euro banknotes were published in the Official Journal of the European Union, L078 of 25 March 2003, pages 16-19. In summary, Euro banknotes are copyright of the European Central Bank, and the following rules apply to one-sided reproductions, such as pictures on websites:

  • The size of the reproduction must be at least 125% or not greater than 75% of both the length and width of the banknote.
  • Reproductions depicting a part of either side of the note should be smaller than one-third of the original side.
  • On intangible reproductions (e.g. websites), the word SPECIMEN must be printed diagonally across the reproduction in Arial font or similar, in a non-transparent colour contrasting with the dominant colour of the note. The length of the word must be at least 75% of the length of the reproduction, and the height of the word must be at least 15% of the width of the reproduction. The resolution of the image must not exceed 72 dots per inch (dpi).

Euro coins: Copyright of the national side of the coin is determined by the individual Member States in accordance with national legislation. Copyright of the common side of the coin lies with the Commission of the European Union, which has determined that reproduction in a format without relief (e.g. drawing, pictures), provided that they are not detrimental to the image of the euro, is authorised [8] [9]. However, in the most recent deletion request regarding them (Commons:Deletion requests/Template:Euro coin common face 2) the conclusion was to delete them because this statement of authorization contains some onerous terms.

Finland[edit]

The Bank of Finland claims that using images of banknotes and Euro coins is subject to permission. For Euro banknotes and the shared side of Euro coins see Euro above. For markka banknotes permission has been granted given certain safety measures, see the guidelines below. There is a statement from the Finnish Copyright Council (a semi-official body giving advice on copyright) that use of an image on a markka coin is not subject to copyright and it seems that the statement could apply more broadly.

Decisions by governmental institutions are excepted from copyright. This includes images that are part of the decisions (see e.g. statement 1989:13 of the Finnish Copyright Council, on using the image of a coin), unless those are separate works, which is thought to apply only in unusual cases. In the old law on money there was no mention of copyright. Thus the images on markka banknotes and coins should be in the public domain, and likewise the images on the national side of euro coins.

There might be copyright issues, independent of the copyright by governmental bodies, if a design element is a derived work of a pre-existing work. The last 20 mark and 100 mark banknotes are known to be encumbered by this.

Counterfeit legislation does apply: it is criminal to publish images that are confusingly similar to legal tender (chapter 37, article 7 of the penal code). For instructions about Euro notes and coins see above.

The Bank of Finland claims it has copyright on Finnish (i.e. mark) banknotes and states that illegal reproduction of banknotes is punishable as counterfeit or fraud according to chapter 33 and 36 of the Penal Code (these seem not to apply to good faith use), or as breach of copyright.

According to the Bank of Finland permission from the Ministry of Finance must be obtained for reproduction of the shared or national side of Euro coins, or part of it [10].

France[edit]

✓OK Regarding former French currency (francs), case law states that copyright exists, but is paralysed by the ‘allocation to the general interest and character of public service’ of currency. See, for instance, Cour de Cassation 5 February 2002[3][4]. Please use {{Money-FR}}.

Germany[edit]

Most likely X mark.svg Not OK except for Deutsche Mark bank notes.

  • At present many Commons images of German coins and banknotes use {{PD-GermanGov}}, but this template relies on § 5 Abs. 1 UrhG, which has recently been declared by a low German court (Landgericht) to apply only to text, not images. See Commons:Village_pump/Copyright/Archive/2012/07#German_currency.
  • Deutsche Bundesbank has confirmed public domain for german DM-banknotes 1949-2001 (see also their homepage, which is, however, a permission for simple usage only and not solely sufficient) towards Wikipedia.
  • According to the coinciding German copyright literature, works like bank notes, coins and stamps are not to be considered works by the government and are not free.[5] This, however, does not influence above-mentioned permission by Deutsche Bundesbank affecting Deutsche Mark bills (not coins!).

Georgia[edit]

✓OK Georgian currency is not copyrighted. Monetary items, together with other state symbols, are explicitly excluded from copyright by article 8 of Copyright law of Georgia.

Please use {{PD-GE-exempt}} for Georgian currency images.

Greece[edit]

X mark.svg Not OK According to the Greek legislation, neither the Bank of Greece not any other Greek authority is competent to provide you or any other interested party with any kind of permission to use the image of the Greek drachmae banknotes. However, without prejudice to the moral right of the designer recognized under Greek law (Law 2121/1993, as in force), there is no legal provision prohibiting the reproduction of the images on banknotes in drachmae.

Hong Kong[edit]

X mark.svg Not OK section 103(1) of the Crimes Ordinance (Chapter 200) of the Laws of Hong Kong stipulates that a person who, without the consent in writing of the Monetary Authority, reproduces on any substance whatsoever, and whether or not to the correct scale, any Hong Kong currency note or any part of a Hong Kong currency note, commits an offence and is liable on summary conviction to imprisonment for 6 months and a fine of $20,000. Thus, reproduction of Hong Kong currency note images for using in internet also requires the written consent of the Monetary Authority.

It is worth to note that any approved reproduction under section 103 is not allowed to be copied or further reproduced for other usage without the written consent of the Monetary Authority. Therefore, applications for reproduction of Hong Kong currency note images for further copying or reproduction by third party will generally not be approved

Hungary[edit]

✓OK The Hungarian National Bank (MNB) issued an exemplary decree, which permits all forms of Hungarian banknotes and coins which cannot be misidentified as the original, with the most important factor being the usage of the same material as original; it basically lifts the counterfeiting restriction from digital copies, without limits (since anyone possessing one original note or coin can create as good digital copy as s/he wants anyway). See 2/2010. (I. 28.) MNB rendelet, 3/2010. (I. 28.) MNB rendelet and Money Reproductions.

Moreover they have released a license to allow free usage (unless restricted by the aforementioned anti-counterfeiting decree) of the banknotes they possess direct copyright[11], which covers most banknotes created since 1983. For all other notes and coins you should still have to locate the author and ask specifically for license, which is not impossible, but tough. In most cases the Magyar Nemzeti Bank is the copyright holder.

It's pretty fresh (as of april, 2010), so I suspect there is no English translations yet. The copyright table is obvious even for a foreigner, the law text possibly isn't. :) I'm signing this if you have any further quesitons. --grin 12:45, 19 April 2010 (UTC)

The {{HU banknote}} template should be used on recent banknotes. Coins copyright license should be researched individually. Out-of-copyright banknotes and coins can use the usual {{PD-old}}.

Iceland[edit]

  • Coins designed after December 31, 1943

X mark.svg Not OK Copyrights for coins designed after December 31, 1943 are held by the Central Bank of Iceland.

  • Coins designed before January 1, 1944

✓OK Iceland Currency becomes public domain because the Icelandic Copyright law (§49) specifies that images considered to be "works of art" become public domain 70 years after creation. Please us {{Icelandic currency}} for currency designed before January 1, 1944

India[edit]

X mark.svg Not OK Indian currency is copyright until 60 years after publication, see {{PD-India}}. The Indian Copyright Act, 1957 (Chapter V Section 25), government works, (including banknotes and coins) from India enter the public domain 60 years after the date on which they were first published, counted from the beginning of the following calendar year, i.e. banknotes and coins created after December, 31 1953 are copyrighted

Indonesia[edit]

✓OK Article 14b of the Indonesian Copyright Act No. 19, 2002 states that "publication and/or reproduction of anything which is published by or on behalf of the Government, except if the Copyright is declared to be protected by law or regulation or by a statement on the work itself or at the time the work is published" is not an "infringement of Copyright". Indonesian banknotes are issued by Bank Indonesia and its predecessor Bank Negara Indonesia, which from 1953 to 1968 was "a corporate body belonging to the state" (Act No.11 of 1953), from 1968 to 1999 "belongs to the state" (Act No.17 of 1968) and from 1999 onwards is "a state institution" (Act No.23 of 1999 concerning Bank Indonesia, Article 4(2)), and they thus fall under the aegis of Article 14b.

Iran[edit]

  • X mark.svg Not OK For coins and banknotes designed after December 31, 1983

According to the Law for the Protection of Authors, Composers and Artist Rights, Iran banknotes and coins designed after December 31, 1983 are copyrighted and their copyright belong to Central Bank of Iran.

  • ✓OK For coins and banknotes designed before January 1, 1984

According to the Law for the Protection of Authors, Composers and Artist Rights, Iran banknotes and coins designed before January 1, 1984 become public domain after 30 years since, "In the following cases images fall into public domain after 30 years from the date of publication or public presentation (Article 16): In cases where the work belongs to a legal personality or rights are transferred to a legal personality." Iran banknotes and coins are copyrighted and their copyright belong to Central Bank of Iran which is a "legal personality". Please use {{Iranian currency}} for banknotes/coinage designed before January 1, 1984.

Iraq[edit]

X mark.svg Not OK Banknotes and coins are not covered by any known exception from copyright protection under Iraqi law. The website of the Central Bank of Iraq, which includes depictions of Iraqi coins and banknotes, has the following footer: "Copyright © 2011. Central Bank of Iraq. All rights reserved. Please read important disclaimer." The disclaimer further states: "All texts, data and information on this site are owned by the CBI. Digitized photographs, graphics, and logos contained are the property of the CBI, and may not be used without permission."

Ireland[edit]

X mark.svg Not OK Irish money is copyrighted. According to the Irish Copyright Law of 2000, Chapter 24: Copyright: Legal Tender; §200, Irish coins and bank notes are copyrighted, even if issued before that provision became effective (§200(3)); i.e. older coins and bank notes are retroactively placed under copyright. The copyright on legal tender is perpetual, i.e. does not expire at all. The act applies to all coins and banknotes issued since 1926 (§200(9)).

Kazakhstan[edit]

✓OK Kazakhstan currency is not copyrighted. Monetary items, together with other state symbols, are explicitly excluded from copyright by article 8 of Copyright law of Kazakhstan.

Please use {{PD-KZ-exempt}} for Kazakhstan currency images.

Korea (South)[edit]

The current Bank of Korea owns copyright on all currency issued in South Korea since its establishement in 1950. The Bank of Korea allows anyone to reproduce and use the reproduction of its currency without requiring a permission but under certain restrictions, as explained in the Guidelines for the Reproduction of Bank of Korea Notes and Coins.

Please use {{South Korean currency}} for South Korean currency images that meet the requirement of Section 3.C (Intangible reproductions) of the currency reproduction guidelines.

Kyrgyzstan[edit]

✓OK Kyrgyzstan currency is not copyrighted. Monetary items, together with other state symbols, are explicitly excluded from copyright by article 8 of Copyright law of Kyrgyzstan .

Please use {{PD-KG-exempt}} for Kyrgyzstan currency images.

Latvia[edit]

Per Latvian copyright law, Chapter IV, section 171, the economic copyrights do not apply to units of currency. However either written permission must be obtained from the issuing bank or country or certain requirements must be followed when reproducing banknotes and coins. The copyright owner of Latvian lats per the law is the Bank of Latvia. Copyright for euro banknotes and common side of euro coins is determined by ECB, but copyright of national sides of euro coins is determined by national legislation. The website of Bank of Latvia suggests (Latvian, English), that Regulation for Reproducing the Lats Banknotes and Coins must be met to reproduce lats and ECB Reproduction rules must be met to reproduce euros. All photographic reproductions of banknotes and coins must comply those criteria. Prior to the amendments, which came into force in May 1 2004, currency was public domain in Latvia per both the unamended 2000 law and 1993 law, therefore any coins or banknotes that were no longer in circulation by 2004 date are public domain.

Please use {{Latvian coins}} for relevant Latvian coins images and {{Latvian banknote}} for images of Latvian banknotes as {{PD-LV}} does not apply to Latvian currency.

Lithuania[edit]

✓OK Lithuanian currency is not copyrighted. Monetary items, together with other state symbols, are explicitly excluded from copyright by article 5 of Copyright law of Lithuania.

Please use {{PD-LT-exempt}} for Lithuanian currency images.

Macedonia[edit]

X mark.svg Not OK According to the law for the National Bank of Macedonia, for each reproduction of the banknotes and coins that are in official use in Macedonia there should be an official written permission from the Bank itself. The Council of the Bank decides the ways and the procedures for publication of photos of the currency.

Malaysia[edit]

X mark.svg Not OK According to the GENERAL INFORMATION The Malaysian Currency by the BANK NEGARA MALAYSIA, You are not allowed to reproduce the Malaysian currency. It is also illegal for you to use any photograph, drawing or design of any note, coin or any part of the note or coin, of any size, scale or colour, in any advertising or on any merchandise or products, which are manufactured, sold, circulated or distributed except with the permission of BNM..

Malta[edit]

X mark.svg Not OK There is no copyright exception for Maltese currency or governmental work (see articles 2(1)a, 3(1)a and 6(1) of the Maltese copyright act). The Bank of Malta makes currency images available for use, but their disclaimer forbids any kind of derivative work, thus making these files impossible to host on Commons.

Mexico[edit]

✓OK?X mark.svg Not OK? "Como lo establece el Artículo 17, de la Ley Monetaria de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos, está prohibida la imitación o reproducción total o parcial, de monedas metálicas o de billetes, nacionales o extranjeros, en rótulos, viñetas, anuncios o en cualquier otra forma, salvo en aquellos casos en que la Secretaría de Hacienda y Crédito Público, oyendo previamente al Banco de México, lo autorice expresamente, por tratarse de imágenes de monedas que carezcan de idoneidad para engañar, que no conduzcan o puedan conducir a la falsificación de dichas piezas ni, en general, afecten la seguridad de la circulación monetaria."[6]

From "LEY MONETARIA DE LOS ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS" Chapter IV "DE LA SEGURIDAD EN LA CIRCULACION MONETARIA":

"ARTICULO 17.- QUEDA PROHIBIDA LA IMITACION O REPRODUCCION TOTAL O PARCIAL, DE MONEDAS METALICAS O DE BILLETES, NACIONALES O EXTRANJEROS, EN ROTULOS, VIÑETAS, ANUNCIOS O EN CUALQUIERA OTRA FORMA, SALVO EN AQUELLOS CASOS EN QUE LA SECRETARIA DE HACIENDA Y CREDITO PUBLICO, OYENDO PREVIAMENTE AL BANCO DE MEXICO, LO AUTORICE EXPRESAMENTE, POR TRATARSE DE IMAGENES DE MONEDAS QUE CAREZCAN DE IDONEIDAD PARA ENGAÑAR, QUE NO CONDUZCAN O PUEDAN CONDUCIR A LA FALSIFICACION DE DICHAS PIEZAS NI, EN GENERAL, AFECTEN LA SEGURIDAD DE LA CIRCULACION MONETARIA.

QUEDA IGUALMENTE PROHIBIDA LA COMERCIALIZACION DE REPRODUCCIONES O IMITACIONES NO AUTORIZADAS.

LAS PERSONAS QUE CONTRAVENGAN LO DISPUESTO EN ESTE ARTICULO, SERAN SANCIONADAS ADMINISTRATIVAMENTE POR LA SECRETARIA DE HACIENDA Y CREDITO PUBLICO, CON MULTA HASTA DE UN MILLON DE PESOS. EL IMPORTE DE LA MULTA RESPECTIVA SE FIJARA OYENDO AL BANCO DE MEXICO Y TOMANDO EN CUENTA EL NUMERO DE LAS IMITACIONES O REPRODUCCIONES, LOS EFECTOS DE ESTAS EN LA SEGURIDAD DE LA CIRCULACION MONETARIA, LA UTILIDAD PERCIBIDA POR EL INFRACTOR Y LAS CIRCUNSTANCIAS DE ESTE."

Note: Coins and banknotes edited before the law change on 23 July 2003 (applicable for monetary items before 23 July 1928) are in public domain (see {{PD-Mexico}}).

Moldova[edit]

✓OK Moldova currency is not copyrighted. Monetary items, together with other state symbols, are explicitly excluded from copyright by article 8 of Law on Copyright and Related Rights of Moldova.

Please use {{PD-MD-exempt}} for Moldova currency images.

The Netherlands[edit]

X mark.svg Not OK Guilder banknotes are subject to copyright 70 years after the first publication. De Nederlandsche Bank has been contacted and they state that the introduction of the Euro does not change this.

Pictogram voting question.svg Unclear Guilder coins may be OK to reproduce, since they are subject to art. 15b of the Auteurswet ([12]):

Als inbreuk op het auteursrecht op een door of vanwege de openbare macht openbaar gemaakt werk van letterkunde, wetenschap of kunst, waarvan de openbare macht de maker of rechtverkrijgende is, wordt niet beschouwd verdere openbaarmaking of verveelvoudiging daarvan, tenzij het auteursrecht, hetzij in het algemeen bij wet, besluit of verordening, hetzij in een bepaald geval blijkens mededeling op het werk zelf of bij de openbaarmaking daarvan uitdrukkelijk is voorbehouden. Ook als een zodanig voorbehoud niet is gemaakt, behoudt de maker echter het uitsluitend recht, zijn werken, die door of vanwege de openbare macht zijn openbaar gemaakt, in een bundel verenigd te doen verschijnen.

(In short: works published by or on behalf of the government can be reproduced, unless copyright has been reserved explicitly by the government at the time of publication. However, even if no reservation was made, only the author has the right to have those works published in a collection).

X mark.svg Not OK National sides of the Euro coins are subject to copyright as well, see rijksoverheid.nl. Although they are subject to the abovementioned art. 15b, an express reservation of rights has been made by the Dutch government.

For Euro see #Euro

New Zealand[edit]

X mark.svg Not OK See Issuing or reproducing “bank notes” and “coins”. New Zealand coins and notes are copyrighted by the Reserve Bank of New Zealand; they note that "the Reserve Bank has no objection to reproducing our notes and coins as complete on-screen or printed images, typically for design, educational or illustrative purposes" but that "for intellectual property reasons we cannot grant permission to reproduce detail parts of these designs, and in particular that:

1. The ‘Pukaki’ image on the 20 cent coin is owned by Ngati Whakaue, used with permission by the Reserve Bank. 2. The image of H.M. The Queen on the obverse of our coins is owned by The Crown."

The above amounts to a "no derivatives" restriction, incompatible with Commons license requirements.

Norway[edit]

X mark.svg Not OK Norwegian currency is protected by copyright. The Bank of Norway, which administrates the rights of the artists, states: "Use of illustrations of Norwegian coin- eg billpatterns must not violate the rights of the authors". This means, among other things, that the original pattern may not be manipulated. As they are non-derivative, images of Norwegian currency may not be used unless it is in the public domain due to age (70 years after end of year of author's death). When using images of Norwegian currency under fair use rules on other projects, see http://www.norges-bank.no/templates/article____12246.aspx for other conditions that apply, such as size regulations, maximum resolution etc.

Pakistan[edit]

X mark.svg Not OK Although certain governments works are exempt from copyright, currency is not one of the exceptions.

s.57(1)(q)(i) (on what is not a copyright infringement) [reproduction of] any matter which has been published in any official Gazette, or the report of any committee, commission, council, board or other like body appointed by the Government unless the reproduction or publication of such matter or report is prohibited by the Government;.

see Commons:Deletion requests/File:Pakistan commemorative banknote.png.

Philippines[edit]

Section 9 of Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas Circular No. 61 states, "The reproduction and/or use of facsimiles or any illustration bearing the likeness or similitude of legal tender Philippine currency notes referred to in the foregoing section may be authorized by the Governor, BSP or his duly authorized representative, for printed illustrations in articles, books, journals, newspapers or other similar materials and strictly for numismatic, educational, historical, newsworthy or other purposes which will maintain, promote or enhance the integrity and dignity of said note, provided, however, that any such facsimile or illustration shall be of a size less than three-fifths (3/5) or more than one and one-half times (1 1/2) times in size of the currency note being illustrated and that there will be no deviation from the purpose for which the notes will be used." See Rules and Regulations on the Reproduction and/or Use of Legal Tender on the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas website.

Poland[edit]

X mark.svg Not OK[discuss] Polish National Bank require written permission for reproduction of Polish banknotes and coins of all emissions in physical or electronic form.

- * Approval for the reproduction of the money designs - Polish National Bank rules - * discussion that resulted in the deletion of Polish money images from Commons

Romania[edit]

✓OK Article 9(d) of the Romanian copyright law of March 14, 1996 excludes means of payment from copyright. Use {{PD-money-Romania}} to tag reproductions of Romanian currency.

Russia[edit]

✓OK Russian currency is not copyrighted. Monetary items, together with other state symbols, are explicitly excluded from copyright by article 1259(6) of Part IV of the Civil Code of Russia (which covers intellectual property rights). Drafts for such items, however, are copyrighted by their authors. When a public body adopts such a draft and turns it into an official symbol, the resulting official symbol is not copyrighted and may be reproduced without mentioning the original author(s) of the draft. (See article 1264.)

Monetary items were already excluded from copyright in the 1993 legislation, which was in effect until the end of 2007. (See article 8 of the 1993 law, as amended in 2004).

Please use {{PD-RU-exempt}} for images of Russian currency.

Singapore[edit]

X mark.svg Not OK. The copyright in the designs of banknotes and coins is held by the Government of Singapore. The designs may be regarded either as engravings, or as artistic works other than engravings or photographs, made by or under the direction or control of the Government, and under the Copyright Act (Cap. 63, 2006 Rev. Ed.):

  • an engraving enters the public domain after 70 years have passed since the end of the calendar year in which the work was first published; and
  • an artistic work other than an engraving or a photograph enters the public domain after 70 years have passed since the end of the calendar year in which the work was made.

See "Commons:Licensing – Singapore#Government works".

Slovakia[edit]

X mark.svg Not OK. Lacking information about copyright on images of currency (Národná banka Slovenska). Many shops with permission to deal with slovakian currency are known [13]. Euro-currency since 2009.

Sweden[edit]

X mark.svg Not OK Currency may be protected by copyright in Sweden (see instructions by Riksbanken and Commons:Deletion_requests/Image:200_kr_swedish_coin_front_white.jpg). Riksbanken advices that the original authors of the works used on banknotes and coins may decide to sue if they feel their moral rights have been violated (which may mean the economic rights are not an issue for Swedish currency). There were undecided lawsuits on the matter at the time of the deletion request. Riksbanken itself seems not to have any claims. On the issue of counterfeit Riksbanken cites the Euro instructions as probably sufficient safeguards.

Switzerland[edit]

✓OK Currency is not covered by copyright in Switzerland. Article 5(1)(b) of the Swiss copyright law (Bundesgesetz über das Urheberrecht und verwandte Schutzrechte) from 1993 on works not subject to copyright explicitly excludes monetary items (Zahlungsmittel) from copyright.

Reproduction of banknotes that may be confused with genuine bills are prohibited by article 243 of the Swiss Penal Code.[14] The Swiss National Bank has issued some guidelines on how to reproduce banknotes in a way they believe not to trigger that prohibition. Basically, they recommend printing the text "Specimen" across the image, and not reproducing the bills at their true size or in their true colors.

{{PD-Switzerland-official}} can be used to tag images of Swiss currency.

Tajikistan[edit]

✓OK Tajikistan currency is not copyrighted. Monetary items, together with other state symbols, are explicitly excluded from copyright by article 7 of Copyright law of Tajikistan.

Please use {{PD-TJ-exempt}} for Tajikistan currency images.

Turkmenistan[edit]

✓OK Turkmenistan currency is not copyrighted. Monetary items, together with other state symbols, are explicitly excluded from copyright by article 1061 of Civil Code of Turkmenistan.

Please use {{PD-TK-exempt}} for Turkmenistan currency images.

Turkey[edit]

✓OK Turkish Currency Law

Turkish Central Bank:

İnternet:

4) Orijinal banknotların boyutunda çözünürlüğünün 72 dpi (dots per inch –2.54 cm başına nokta sayısını-) geçmemesi koşuluyla elektronik ortamda çoğaltılması ve

5) Elektronik ortamda yapılan çoğaltmalarda, çoğaltmaların üzerine “ÖRNEKTİR GEÇMEZ” veya “SPECIMEN” ibaresinin; uzunluğu yapılan çoğaltmanın uzunluğunun en az %75’i, yüksekliği ise yapılan çoğaltmanın genişliğinin en az %15’i olacak şekilde, şeffaf olmayan (mat) ve banknotun hakim rengine zıtlık oluşturan bir renkte, çaprazlama olarak Arial veya Arial tarzına yakın bir yazı tipinde, çift taraflı çoğaltmalarda çoğaltmaların her iki yüzünde de yer alacak şekilde basılması, uygundur.

summary: if images available theese condition, you can use on the internet

Ukraine[edit]

✓OK Ukrainian currency is not copyrighted. Monetary items, together with other state symbols, are explicitly excluded from copyright by article 10 of Copyright law of Ukraine.

Please use {{PD-UA-exempt}} for Ukrainian currency images.

United States[edit]

Many but not all coins or bills produced by the United States Mint are in the public domain as works of the Federal Government; some were designed by third parties who assigned rights to the Mint. [15] These are typically commemorative coins for special occasions and the copyright is described in their marketing materials; another example is the obverse of the golden dollar.[16] The status of each coin or bill should be assessed individually.

Regarding counterfeiting, the United States Secret Service says: "Printed reproductions, including photographs of paper currency [...] of the United States and foreign governments (except under the conditions previously listed) are violations of Title 18, Section 474 of the United States Code."[17] See the complete text of Title 18, Section 474, which also restricts transmitting electronic images "with intent to defraud" but says that "The Secretary shall establish a system [...] to ensure that the legitimate use of such electronic methods and retention of such reproductions by businesses, hobbyists, press and others shall not be unduly restricted."

Please use {{PD-USGov-money}} for relevant US currency images.

United Kingdom[edit]

X mark.svg Not OK UK banknotes are copyrighted. The Bank of England owns the copyright on its banknotes,[18] and banknotes carry a © notice.[19]

Coin designs are copyrighted by the Royal Mint.[20] So although publishing images of coins is not prohibited by the Forgery and Counterfeiting Act 1981 (c.45) (Its section 19 applies only to "imitation British coins", which are defined as "any thing which resembles a British coin in shape, size and the substance of which it is made."), such images can be published only with the consent of the Royal Mint.

Both the Bank of England's copyright on their banknotes and the Royal Mint's copyright on coin designs are instances of Crown Copyright. Published photographs or engravings subject to Crown Copyright which were created more than 50 years ago are now in the public domain (use {{PD-UKGov}}) and so images of British coins which were minted and circulated more than 50 years ago are permissible.

Scottish and Northern Irish banks will retain their own copyright on banknotes independent of the Bank of England; however, in the United Kingdom, it is a criminal offence under s18(1) of the Forgery and Counterfeiting Act 1981 "to reproduce on any substance whatsoever, and whether or not on the correct scale, any British currency note or any part of a British currency note."[21] The term "currency note" is defined so as to include Scottish and Northern Irish banknotes, as well as those issued by the Bank of England.

USSR[edit]

✓OK ex-USSR currency is not copyrighted.

Please use {{PD-RU-exempt}} for images of Soviet (USSR) currency.

Uzbekistan[edit]

✓OK Uzbekistan currency is not copyrighted. Monetary items, together with other state symbols, are explicitly excluded from copyright by by article 8 of Copyright law of Uzbekistan. Drafts for such items, however, are copyrighted by their authors. When a public body adopts such a draft and turns it into an official symbol, the resulting official symbol is not copyrighted and may be reproduced without mentioning the original author(s) of the draft (article 9).

Please use {{PD-UZ-exempt}} for Uzbekistan currency images.

Vietnam[edit]

X mark.svg Not OK. The Prime Minister of Vietnam decides "Article 3.- The following acts are strictly prohibited [..] 3. Duplicating Vietnamese money for any purposes without written consents of the State Bank."[22]. Moreover, as seen in {{PD-VietnamGov}}, banknotes and coins can't be considered "Legal documents, administrative documents and other documents in the judicial domain and official translations of these documents".

References[edit]

  1. National Bank of Belgium - Reproduction rules (english)
  2. Copy of e-mail was forwarded to permissions-commons@wikimedia.org on 14 July 2008. (ticket:2008071410045309)
  3. Français : (missing text)
    La Cour de cassation confirme que les billets de banque ne sont pas protégés par le code de la propriété intellectuelle
  4. Français : (missing text)
    Cour de Cassation, Audience publique du 5 février 2002
  5. Deutsch: Dreier/Schulze, 2004, § 5 Rn. 11: „Nicht § 5 II UrhG unterfallen nach Ansicht zumindest des überwiegenden Teils der Literatur […] Banknoten, Münzen und Briefmarken (Wandtke/Bullinger/Marquardt § 5 Rn. 19; Häde ZUM 1991, 356; Schricker GRUR 1991, 645, 657ff.; vgl. jedoch die insoweit abweichende Entscheidung des LG München I GRUR 1987, 436 – Briefmarke)“. Die letztgenannte Entscheidung des LG München ist mittlerweile hinfällig.
  6. Preguntas frecuentes de billetes y monedas