Commons:List of meta category criteria

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This is a list of almost all the criteria by which meta categories are sorted by (the "XXX" in "by YYY"). There's some categories that have unique "by YYY"s that may or may not be true meta-cats or can be renamed to a standardized form. These are being reviewed.

Inclusion rules[edit]

  1. Category titles must end with these words and must be preceded by "by YYY".
  2. Categories must be true meta-categories and not simply contain "by XXX" (e.g. Compositions by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart or North by Northwest (1959 film) are obviously excluded).
  3. Only the last one – "by YYY" – in a title counts. For example, only the "by country" in People by occupation by country counts, as "People by occupation" is treated as the subject. This does not apply to "by XXX and YYY" or "by XXX or YYY".
  4. "By XXX" which are solely used in maintenance category names are excluded (e.g. Commons templates by namespace)
  5. "By XXX" which are solely used for category redirects are excluded.
  6. Everything is case-sensitive. (Paint by NumberPaint by number)

The list[edit]

Criteria # of categories # of tagged categories # of non-tagged categories  % of non-tagged categories # of category redirects # of non-redirect
activity 29 20 9 31% 3 26
administrative region 3 2 1 33.3% 1 2
affiliation 1 1 0 0% 0 1
age 47 33 14 29.8% 4 43
airline 777 421 356 45.8% 4 773
alphabet 15 5 10 66.7% 8 7
ancient territory 2 1 1 50% 0 2
angle between observer and subject's face 10 6 4 40% 3 7
animal 10 5 5 50% 0 10
anion 2 2 0 0% 0 2
application 1 1 0 0% 0 1
architect 24 18 6 25% 0 24
architectural style 258 174 84 32.6% 7 251
architecture 1 1 0 0% 0 1
area 14 5 9 64.3% 3 11
area of responsibility 1 1 0 0% 0 1
arranger 1 1 0 0% 0 1
arrondissement 25 0 25 100% 1 24
artist 164 24 140 85.4% 5 159
artistic style 1 1 0 0% 0 1
aspect ratio 4 4 0 0% 0 4
association 199 86 113 56.8% 1 198
astronomical object 1 1 0 0% 0 1
atomic number 1 1 0 0% 0 1
author 58 23 35 60.3% 5 53
autonomous community 115 77 38 33% 0 115
avocation 1 1 0 0% 0 1
basin 1 1 0 0% 0 1
bearer type 2 2 0 0% 0 2
behavior 2 2 0 0% 0 2
blazon 1 1 0 0% 0 1
body of water 4 4 0 0% 0 4
body style 2 2 0 0% 0 2
book 5 1 4 80% 1 4
borough 121 61 60 49.6% 6 115
boroughs 0 0 0 0% 0 0
branch 3 2 1 33.3% 0 3
brand 550 143 407 74% 5 545
breed 3 3 0 0% 0 3
brickwork bond 2 2 0 0% 0 2
builder 2 2 0 0% 0 2
building function 9 8 1 11.1% 0 9
building material 4 4 0 0% 0 4
building type 2 1 1 50% 0 2
Bundesland (federal state) 1 1 0 0% 0 1
bus 2 1 1 50% 0 2
caliber 1 0 1 100% 1 0
calibre 1 1 0 0% 0 1
camera 4 2 2 50% 0 4
camera vehicle 1 1 0 0% 0 1
canton 86 51 35 40.7% 2 84
cartographer 1 1 0 0% 0 1
case 1 1 0 0% 0 1
cation 2 2 0 0% 0 2
cause 4 4 0 0% 0 4
census division 1 1 0 0% 0 1
century 3065 2348 717 23.4% 23 3042
century made 4 4 0 0% 0 4
century of foundation 1 1 0 0% 0 1
century shown 2 2 0 0% 0 2
chemical composition 1 1 0 0% 0 1
chemical series 2 2 0 0% 0 2
chemical structure 1 1 0 0% 0 1
choreographer 1 1 0 0% 0 1
church 12 2 10 83.3% 1 11
church body 5 1 4 80% 0 5
city 13001 3744 9257 71.2% 126 12875
city or region 1 0 1 100% 1 0
city or village 22 7 15 68.2% 1 21
class 38 18 20 52.6% 2 36
clothing color 1 1 0 0% 0 1
club 20 6 14 70% 12 8
code name 1 1 0 0% 0 1
collection 25 4 21 84% 0 25
color 367 178 189 51.5% 6 361
color of background 3 2 1 33.3% 0 3
color of stars 1 1 0 0% 0 1
colour 49 18 31 63.3% 10 39
comarca 24 20 4 16.7% 0 24
commemoration 64 38 26 40.6% 3 61
common name 4 4 0 0% 0 4
common named groups 7 4 3 42.9% 0 7
company 36 19 17 47.2% 5 31
competition 7 6 1 14.3% 0 7
completion date 1 1 0 0% 0 1
composer 20 4 16 80% 1 19
composition 1 1 0 0% 0 1
compound 2 2 0 0% 0 2
condition 235 162 73 31.1% 1 234
conductor 2 1 1 50% 0 2
conference 2 2 0 0% 0 2
confession 2 1 1 50% 1 1
configuration 3 1 2 66.7% 0 3
conflict 21 9 12 57.1% 0 21
console 1 1 0 0% 0 1
constituent element 0 0 0 0% 0 0
construction 5 4 1 20% 0 5
construction company 1 1 0 0% 0 1
construction method 3 3 0 0% 0 3
constructor 1 1 0 0% 0 1
contained chemical element 1 1 0 0% 0 1
content 6 4 2 33.3% 0 6
continent 5204 5066 138 2.7% 3 5201
convention 1 1 0 0% 0 1
council area 26 14 12 46.2% 0 26
country 17359 13042 4317 24.9% 269 17090
country of destination 2 2 0 0% 0 2
country of operation 3 3 0 0% 0 3
country of origin 28 19 9 32.1% 1 27
country of residence 1 1 0 0% 0 1
country of service 69 46 23 33.3% 0 69
country or territory 6 6 0 0% 0 6
country subdivision 7 6 1 14.3% 0 7
county 1769 1006 763 43.1% 65 1704
creator 11 8 3 27.3% 0 11
cross-section 6 6 0 0% 0 6
crosshead type 1 1 0 0% 0 1
ČSD classes 1 1 0 0% 0 1
cultivation type 1 0 1 100% 0 1
culture 30 19 11 36.7% 0 30
current location 3 2 1 33.3% 0 3
cylinder layout 4 4 0 0% 0 4
damage type 1 1 0 0% 0 1
date 418 275 143 34.2% 15 403
date of closure 2 2 0 0% 0 2
date of destruction 1 1 0 0% 0 1
date of groundbreaking 1 1 0 0% 0 1
date of opening 1 1 0 0% 0 1
day 50 37 13 26% 0 50
decade 2299 2079 220 9.6% 15 2284
decade of establishment 7 6 1 14.3% 0 7
deformation 1 1 0 0% 0 1
deity 5 5 0 0% 0 5
denomination 91 59 32 35.2% 3 88
department 847 765 82 9.7% 10 837
dependency 1 1 0 0% 0 1
descent 4 3 1 25% 1 3
designer 14 10 4 28.6% 0 14
detail 13 5 8 61.5% 0 13
dimensions 0 0 0 0% 0 0
diocese 34 20 14 41.2% 1 33
director 3 2 1 33.3% 0 3
discipline 6 2 4 66.7% 0 6
disease 2 1 1 50% 0 2
district 842 305 537 63.8% 5 837
district or statutory city 8 8 0 0% 0 8
drive-system 1 1 0 0% 0 1
domain 2 1 1 50% 0 2
Dutch name 0 0 0 0% 0 0
dynasty 13 10 3 23.1% 0 13
educational level 5 4 1 20% 0 5
element 4 4 0 0% 0 4
engine cylinder layout 2 1 1 50% 1 1
engraver 1 1 0 0% 0 1
ENI number 2 1 1 50% 1 1
ensemble 2 1 1 50% 0 2
epoch 5 3 2 40% 1 4
era 51 43 8 15.7% 2 49
establishment 3 3 0 0% 0 3
ethnic group 11 8 3 27.3% 1 10
ethnicity 15 10 5 33.3% 0 15
event 20 10 10 50% 1 19
faith 68 61 7 10.3% 3 65
familia 1 1 0 0% 0 1
family 22 11 11 50% 1 21
family role 2 2 0 0% 0 2
federal entity 1 1 0 0% 0 1
field 17 10 7 41.2% 0 17
file format 8 6 2 25% 0 8
film 4 4 0 0% 0 4
fleetnumber 1 0 1 100% 0 1
form 7 4 3 42.9% 1 6
form factor 2 2 0 0% 0 2
format 10 7 3 30% 0 10
former association 4 3 1 25% 0 4
former country 40 19 21 52.5% 4 36
former function 51 32 19 37.3% 1 50
former religion 1 1 0 0% 0 1
fraternity 33 27 6 18.2% 1 32
freight 1 1 0 0% 0 1
French name 1 1 0 0% 0 1
fruit 2 1 1 50% 0 2
function 857 360 497 58% 6 851
functional axes 1 1 0 0% 0 1
gender 61 57 4 6.6% 1 60
generation 2 2 0 0% 0 2
generator program 1 1 0 0% 0 1
genre 135 81 54 40% 4 131
genre of photography 3 2 1 33.3% 0 3
genus 6 2 4 66.7% 0 6
geochronology 3 2 1 33.3% 0 3
German name 2 2 0 0% 0 2
given name 0 0 0 0% 0 0
grade 4 2 2 50% 0 4
grave occupant 1 1 0 0% 0 1
grower 2 1 1 50% 0 2
hair color 17 14 3 17.6% 1 16
height 20 19 1 5% 0 20
height in meters 1 1 0 0% 0 1
high school 4 1 3 75% 0 4
highway 1 1 0 0% 0 1
historic territory 9 8 1 11.1% 0 9
historical land 5 1 4 80% 1 4
historical period 6 3 3 50% 2 4
historical region 11 7 4 36.4% 0 11
historical state 1 1 0 0% 0 1
historical theme 1 1 0 0% 0 1
host country 4 4 0 0% 0 4
hour 1 1 0 0% 0 1
ICAO-Code 7 7 0 0% 0 7
iconography 3 3 0 0% 0 3
idea 1 1 0 0% 0 1
ideology 2 1 1 50% 0 2
image source 1 1 0 0% 0 1
IMO number 1 1 0 0% 0 1
industry 81 38 43 53.1% 1 80
inscription 1 1 0 0% 0 1
institution 6 3 3 50% 0 6
instrument 70 43 27 38.6% 0 70
interest 5 5 0 0% 0 5
interpreter 2 1 1 50% 0 2
island 26 13 13 50% 0 26
issue 37 24 13 35.1% 0 37
Italian name 1 1 0 0% 0 1
key 1 1 0 0% 0 1
kind 0 0 0 0% 0 0
label 1 1 0 0% 0 1
lake 10 9 1 10% 1 9
land survey office 1 1 0 0% 0 1
Landeskirche 1 1 0 0% 0 1
language 279 151 128 45.9% 4 275
language family 2 1 1 50% 0 2
the language of legend 1 1 0 0% 0 1
Latin name 21 20 1 4.8% 0 21
launcher and target 2 2 0 0% 0 2
league 36 3 33 91.7% 1 35
lens 1 1 0 0% 0 1
lexical category 1 1 0 0% 0 1
librettist 1 1 0 0% 0 1
licence 1 1 0 0% 0 1
license number 1 1 0 0% 0 1
ligand 1 1 0 0% 0 1
line 264 162 102 38.6% 1 263
livery 324 156 168 51.9% 0 324
local government area 6 2 4 66.7% 0 6
localisation 1 1 0 0% 0 1
locality 44 23 21 47.7% 3 41
location 2438 770 1668 68.4% 29 2409
location painted 3 3 0 0% 0 3
London Borough 0 0 0 0% 0 0
London Travelcard zone 1 1 0 0% 0 1
main ingredient 6 3 3 50% 0 6
maker 5 1 4 80% 2 3
maker brand 1 1 0 0% 0 1
management 3 3 0 0% 0 3
manner of death 1 1 0 0% 0 1
manufacturer 170 131 39 22.9% 6 164
material 852 502 350 41.1% 6 846
media type 4 2 2 50% 0 4
medium 150 76 74 49.3% 4 146
metal 7 5 2 28.6% 0 7
method 1 0 1 100% 1 0
military conflict 6 6 0 0% 0 6
millennium 55 19 36 65.5% 0 55
mine 1 1 0 0% 0 1
mission country 1 1 0 0% 0 1
mode 5 5 0 0% 0 5
model 34 21 13 38.2% 5 29
model number 4 4 0 0% 0 4
modern name 2 2 0 0% 0 2
modern territory 2 2 0 0% 0 2
month 2024 902 1122 55.4% 11 2013
motif 4 2 2 50% 0 4
motive power 24 19 5 20.8% 0 24
mountain range 13 11 2 15.4% 0 13
movement 4 3 1 25% 0 4
municipality 1309 934 375 28.6% 6 1303
museum 526 223 303 57.6% 33 493
music school 2 1 1 50% 0 2
music venue 1 1 0 0% 0 1
name 883 444 439 49.7% 13 870
national team 17 14 3 17.6% 1 16
navy 1 1 0 0% 0 1
neighborhood 3 1 2 66.7% 0 3
neighborhood or section 2 2 0 0% 0 2
number 70 26 44 62.9% 6 64
number of buttons 1 1 0 0% 0 1
number of crescents 2 2 0 0% 0 2
number of engines 1 1 0 0% 0 1
number of fields 1 1 0 0% 0 1
number of funnels 1 1 0 0% 0 1
number of masts 1 1 0 0% 0 1
number of points 2 2 0 0% 0 2
number of rays 1 1 0 0% 0 1
number of sides 1 1 0 0% 0 1
number of stars 2 2 0 0% 0 2
number of stripes 1 1 0 0% 0 1
number of wheels 1 1 0 0% 0 1
numeral system 1 1 0 0% 0 1
object 10 5 5 50% 1 9
oblast 4 0 4 100% 4 0
occupant 4 3 1 25% 1 3
occupation 668 503 165 24.7% 53 615
ocean 25 15 10 40% 0 25
ocean and other basins 1 1 0 0% 0 1
OEM supplier 1 1 0 0% 0 1
office 18 15 3 16.7% 0 18
operating cycle 2 2 0 0% 0 2
operating system 3 3 0 0% 0 3
operator 596 515 81 13.6% 4 592
order 61 16 45 73.8% 1 60
order of Fresnel lens 1 1 0 0% 0 1
organization 13 7 6 46.2% 0 13
orientation 2 2 0 0% 0 2
origin 15 8 7 46.7% 1 14
owner 2 1 1 50% 1 1
page number 1 1 0 0% 0 1
painter 113 32 81 71.7% 2 111
paper type 1 1 0 0% 0 1
parent alcohol 1 1 0 0% 0 1
parent oxoacid 1 1 0 0% 0 1
parish 8 4 4 50% 1 7
participant or team 2 2 0 0% 0 2
participants 33 2 31 93.9% 0 33
particle size 1 1 0 0% 0 1
party 42 30 12 28.6% 2 40
patron 1 1 0 0% 0 1
patron saint 419 341 78 18.6% 1 418
pattern 7 7 0 0% 0 7
performer 2 1 1 50% 0 2
period 821 657 164 20% 11 810
period and style 7 6 1 14.3% 0 7
periodic table group 1 1 0 0% 0 1
periodic table row 1 1 0 0% 0 1
photographer 26 14 12 46.2% 1 25
place 30 12 18 60% 2 28
place built 0 0 0 0% 0 0
place name 1 1 0 0% 0 1
place of creation 2 2 0 0% 0 2
place of display 1 0 1 100% 1 0
place of production 1 1 0 0% 0 1
planting year 1 1 0 0% 0 1
platform 1 1 0 0% 0 1
point of view 13 10 3 23.1% 0 13
political office 19 15 4 21.1% 0 19
political orientation 1 1 0 0% 0 1
political party 2 1 1 50% 0 2
port 4 3 1 25% 0 4
portraitist 1 1 0 0% 0 1
position 135 132 3 2.2% 1 134
position of motifs 1 1 0 0% 0 1
postcode 7 4 3 42.9% 0 7
posture 60 37 23 38.3% 0 60
power 1 1 0 0% 0 1
prefecture 140 105 35 25% 0 140
preparation method 4 3 1 25% 0 4
previous owner 1 1 0 0% 0 1
printing type 1 1 0 0% 0 1
producer 2 1 1 50% 0 2
product 18 11 7 38.9% 1 17
production area 28 15 13 46.4% 0 28
production culture 1 1 0 0% 0 1
profession 3 1 2 66.7% 1 2
projection 1 1 0 0% 0 1
projection property 1 1 0 0% 0 1
projection surface 2 2 0 0% 0 2
provenance 6 2 4 66.7% 0 6
province 670 348 322 48.1% 18 652
province-level division 2 1 1 50% 0 2
province or territory 320 249 71 22.2% 3 317
publisher 8 6 2 25% 0 8
purpose 4 2 2 50% 0 4
railway 7 2 5 71.4% 0 7
range 1 1 0 0% 0 1
rank 14 7 7 50% 0 14
rank and suit 1 1 0 0% 0 1
record label 2 1 1 50% 0 2
region 1946 1393 553 28.4% 47 1899
region or department 0 0 0 0% 0 0
regional county municipality 0 0 0 0% 0 0
registration 8 5 3 37.5% 0 8
registration country 3 1 2 66.7% 1 2
registration number 17 15 2 11.8% 0 17
religion 251 154 97 38.6% 6 245
religious affiliation 3 1 2 66.7% 0 3
religious building 0 0 0 0% 0 0
religious denomination 16 5 11 68.8% 2 14
religious order 7 4 3 42.9% 0 7
representation type 3 1 2 66.7% 0 3
represented subject 2 1 1 50% 0 2
resolution 1 1 0 0% 0 1
revolution 1 1 0 0% 0 1
Richter magnitude 1 1 0 0% 0 1
rig 1 1 0 0% 0 1
river 107 77 30 28% 3 104
role 6 3 3 50% 1 5
room 12 6 6 50% 0 12
rotor configuration 1 1 0 0% 0 1
route 165 4 161 97.6% 1 164
ruler 1 1 0 0% 0 1
satellite or instrument 1 1 0 0% 0 1
scale 5 2 3 60% 0 5
school 11 6 5 45.5% 3 8
script 3 2 1 33.3% 0 3
sculptor 8 6 2 25% 0 8
sculpture 2 1 1 50% 1 1
sea 25 17 8 32% 2 23
season 38 17 21 55.3% 0 38
section 9 2 7 77.8% 2 7
sector 4 2 2 50% 0 4
serial number 4 3 1 25% 0 4
series 8 6 2 25% 0 8
service 9 7 2 22.2% 0 9
session 1 0 1 100% 1 0
set 1 1 0 0% 0 1
setting 41 23 18 43.9% 2 39
sex 4 4 0 0% 0 4
sexuality 2 2 0 0% 0 2
shape 169 69 100 59.2% 6 163
shape of the shield 1 1 0 0% 0 1
ship name 6 6 0 0% 0 6
ship type 1 1 0 0% 0 1
shipping company 1 1 0 0% 0 1
shipyard 3 1 2 66.7% 2 1
shown topic 1 0 1 100% 1 0
situation 3 2 1 33.3% 1 2
size 7 1 6 85.7% 0 7
size or form 0 0 0 0% 0 0
Socket 1 1 0 0% 0 1
software 7 5 2 28.6% 1 6
software used 3 3 0 0% 0 3
song 1 1 0 0% 0 1
source 49 27 22 44.9% 1 48
space group 1 1 0 0% 0 1
Spanish name 1 1 0 0% 0 1
spans of time 1 1 0 0% 0 1
speaker 1 1 0 0% 0 1
special criterion 1 1 0 0% 0 1
species 41 13 28 68.3% 1 40
spectral type 1 1 0 0% 0 1
sport 114 85 29 25.4% 0 114
standard 0 0 0 0% 0 0
state 956 598 358 37.4% 29 927
state and territory 3 1 2 66.7% 0 3
state or territory 7833 385 7448 95.1% 3 7830
station 11 2 9 81.8% 0 11
status 28 22 6 21.4% 0 28
stock exchange 1 1 0 0% 0 1
strain 1 1 0 0% 0 1
street 17 1 16 94.1% 0 17
strength 1 1 0 0% 0 1
structure 1 0 1 100% 1 0
style 636 354 282 44.3% 10 626
style of dressing 2 1 1 50% 0 2
subdivision 13 11 2 15.4% 1 12
subfamily 1 1 0 0% 0 1
subject 647 344 303 46.8% 15 632
subject area 1 1 0 0% 0 1
suit 1 1 0 0% 0 1
surface 8 7 1 12.5% 0 8
surname 0 0 0 0% 0 0
system 2 2 0 0% 0 2
target 3 3 0 0% 0 3
target organ system 1 1 0 0% 0 1
taxon 98 9 89 90.8% 1 97
teaching style 1 1 0 0% 0 1
team 45 25 20 44.4% 3 42
technical criteria 3 3 0 0% 0 3
technology 3 3 0 0% 0 3
technique 24 15 9 37.5% 0 24
television series 1 1 0 0% 0 1
territory 78 72 6 7.7% 0 78
text 1 1 0 0% 0 1
theme 106 55 51 48.1% 4 102
time 31 23 8 25.8% 2 29
tincture 37 32 5 13.5% 0 37
title 10 4 6 60% 2 8
topic 1138 947 191 16.8% 8 1130
town 19 4 15 78.9% 2 17
traction 3 2 1 33.3% 0 3
trade 2 1 1 50% 0 2
tradition 3 2 1 33.3% 0 3
train operating company 1 1 0 0% 0 1
transported substance 1 1 0 0% 0 1
TS number 2 1 1 50% 1 1
type 1536 914 622 40.5% 35 1501
type of animal 1 1 0 0% 0 1
type of door 1 1 0 0% 0 1
type of energy 41 3 38 92.7% 0 41
type of file 1 1 0 0% 0 1
type of illness 0 0 0 0% 0 0
type of image 3 2 1 33.3% 0 3
type of power 2 2 0 0% 0 2
type of structure 1 1 0 0% 0 1
type of use 2 1 1 50% 1 1
type of valvegear 1 1 0 0% 0 1
type of valves 1 1 0 0% 0 1
type of view 1 1 0 0% 0 1
type of wing 1 1 0 0% 0 1
typeface 1 1 0 0% 0 1
UIC classification 1 1 0 0% 0 1
university 5 2 3 60% 2 3
university or college 6 2 4 66.7% 3 3
usage 8 6 2 25% 0 8
use 35 34 1 2.9% 0 35
user 175 3 172 98.3% 0 175
variant 2 1 1 50% 0 2
vehicle 7 6 1 14.3% 0 7
vendor 1 0 1 100% 1 0
venue 4 4 0 0% 0 4
vessel 1 0 1 100% 0 1
video camera 1 1 0 0% 0 1
video game 1 1 0 0% 0 1
view 5 3 2 40% 0 5
view of subject 19 8 11 57.9% 0 19
vocalist 2 1 1 50% 0 2
voivodeship 154 79 75 48.7% 3 151
Volcanic Explosivity Index 1 1 0 0% 0 1
war 50 30 20 40% 1 49
weather 2 2 0 0% 0 2
wholesaler 1 1 0 0% 0 1
Whyte classification 1 1 0 0% 0 1
writing system 2 2 0 0% 0 2
year 4453 2763 1690 38% 47 4406
year of closure 3 3 0 0% 0 3
year of completion 328 278 50 15.2% 0 328
year of destruction 43 40 3 7% 1 42
year of disestablishment 3 3 0 0% 0 3
year of establishment 27 23 4 14.8% 0 27
year of photographing 116 116 0 0% 0 116
year of registration 3 2 1 33.3% 0 3
zoo 9 3 6 66.7% 2 7
zoo name 369 3 366 99.2% 0 369
zootomy 1 1 0 0% 0 1

Non-standard[edit]

Topics are included here, in parentheses.

  • (categories) by city in <country>
  • (association football players|ice hockey players) by team in <country>
  • (alumni|faculty|people) by university or college in <country>

See also[edit]