Commons:List of meta category criteria

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This is a list of almost all the criteria by which meta categories are sorted by (the "XXX" in "by YYY"). There's some categories that have unique "by YYY"s that may or may not be true meta-cats or can be renamed to a standardized form. These are being reviewed.

Inclusion rules[edit]

  1. Category titles must end with these words and must be preceded by "by YYY".
  2. Categories must be true meta-categories and not simply contain "by XXX" (e.g. Compositions by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart or North by Northwest (1959 film) are obviously excluded).
  3. Only the last one – "by YYY" – in a title counts. For example, only the "by country" in People by occupation by country counts, as "People by occupation" is treated as the subject. This does not apply to "by XXX and YYY" or "by XXX or YYY".
  4. "By XXX" which are solely used in maintenance category names are excluded (e.g. Commons templates by namespace)
  5. "By XXX" which are solely used for category redirects are excluded.
  6. Everything is case-sensitive. (Paint by NumberPaint by number)

The list[edit]

Criteria # of categories # of tagged categories # of non-tagged categories  % of non-tagged categories # of category redirects # of non-redirect
activity 41 20 21 51.2% 3 38
administrative region 3 2 1 33.3% 1 2
affiliation 1 1 0 0% 0 1
age 50 35 15 30% 4 46
airline 905 448 457 50.5% 10 895
alphabet 15 4 11 73.3% 9 6
ancient territory 2 1 1 50% 0 2
angle between observer and subject's face 10 6 4 40% 3 7
animal 10 5 5 50% 0 10
anion 2 2 0 0% 0 2
application 1 1 0 0% 0 1
architect 30 19 11 36.7% 0 30
architectural style 275 173 102 37.1% 7 268
architecture 1 1 0 0% 0 1
area 14 5 9 64.3% 3 11
area of responsibility 1 1 0 0% 0 1
arranger 1 1 0 0% 0 1
arrondissement 25 0 25 100% 1 24
artist 169 24 145 85.8% 6 163
artistic style 1 1 0 0% 0 1
aspect ratio 4 4 0 0% 0 4
association 209 90 119 56.9% 2 207
astronomical object 1 1 0 0% 0 1
atomic number 1 1 0 0% 0 1
author 65 24 41 63.1% 5 60
autonomous community 120 80 40 33.3% 0 120
avocation 2 1 1 50% 0 2
basin 2 1 1 50% 0 2
bearer type 2 2 0 0% 0 2
behavior 3 2 1 33.3% 0 3
blazon 1 1 0 0% 0 1
body of water 4 4 0 0% 0 4
body style 3 2 1 33.3% 0 3
book 5 1 4 80% 1 4
borough 124 63 61 49.2% 6 118
boroughs 0 0 0 0% 0 0
branch 3 2 1 33.3% 0 3
brand 582 143 439 75.4% 10 572
breed 4 3 1 25% 0 4
brickwork bond 2 2 0 0% 0 2
builder 2 2 0 0% 0 2
building function 9 8 1 11.1% 0 9
building material 5 5 0 0% 0 5
building type 2 1 1 50% 0 2
Bundesland (federal state) 1 1 0 0% 0 1
bus 2 1 1 50% 0 2
caliber 1 0 1 100% 1 0
calibre 1 1 0 0% 0 1
camera 7 2 5 71.4% 0 7
camera vehicle 1 1 0 0% 0 1
canton 86 51 35 40.7% 2 84
cartographer 1 1 0 0% 0 1
case 1 1 0 0% 0 1
cation 2 2 0 0% 0 2
cause 4 4 0 0% 0 4
census division 1 1 0 0% 0 1
century 3728 2902 826 22.2% 29 3699
century made 4 4 0 0% 0 4
century of foundation 1 1 0 0% 0 1
century shown 2 2 0 0% 0 2
chemical composition 1 1 0 0% 0 1
chemical series 2 2 0 0% 0 2
chemical structure 1 1 0 0% 0 1
choreographer 1 1 0 0% 0 1
church 12 2 10 83.3% 1 11
church body 5 1 4 80% 0 5
city 14463 4108 10355 71.6% 140 14323
city or region 1 0 1 100% 1 0
city or village 22 7 15 68.2% 1 21
class 38 18 20 52.6% 2 36
clothing color 1 1 0 0% 0 1
club 21 7 14 66.7% 12 9
code name 1 1 0 0% 0 1
collection 29 5 24 82.8% 0 29
color 426 193 233 54.7% 7 419
color of background 3 2 1 33.3% 0 3
color of stars 1 1 0 0% 0 1
colour 53 18 35 66% 11 42
comarca 28 20 8 28.6% 1 27
commemoration 76 48 28 36.8% 3 73
common name 4 3 1 25% 1 3
common named groups 9 5 4 44.4% 0 9
company 43 22 21 48.8% 5 38
competition 12 10 2 16.7% 0 12
completion date 1 1 0 0% 0 1
composer 21 4 17 81% 1 20
composition 1 1 0 0% 0 1
compound 2 2 0 0% 0 2
condition 260 169 91 35% 2 258
conductor 2 1 1 50% 0 2
conference 3 2 1 33.3% 0 3
confession 2 1 1 50% 1 1
configuration 3 1 2 66.7% 0 3
conflict 24 9 15 62.5% 0 24
console 1 1 0 0% 0 1
constituent element 0 0 0 0% 0 0
construction 6 4 2 33.3% 0 6
construction company 1 1 0 0% 0 1
construction method 3 2 1 33.3% 1 2
constructor 1 1 0 0% 0 1
contained chemical element 1 1 0 0% 0 1
content 8 4 4 50% 1 7
continent 6534 6416 118 1.8% 4 6530
convention 1 1 0 0% 0 1
council area 30 18 12 40% 0 30
country 18748 13993 4755 25.4% 313 18435
country of destination 2 2 0 0% 0 2
country of operation 3 3 0 0% 0 3
country of origin 33 21 12 36.4% 2 31
country of residence 1 1 0 0% 0 1
country of service 73 46 27 37% 0 73
country or territory 6 6 0 0% 0 6
country subdivision 8 6 2 25% 0 8
county 2068 1149 919 44.4% 66 2002
creator 11 8 3 27.3% 0 11
cross-section 6 6 0 0% 0 6
crosshead type 1 1 0 0% 0 1
ČSD classes 1 1 0 0% 0 1
cultivation type 1 0 1 100% 0 1
culture 33 19 14 42.4% 0 33
current location 3 2 1 33.3% 0 3
cylinder layout 4 4 0 0% 0 4
damage type 1 1 0 0% 0 1
date 510 305 205 40.2% 20 490
date of closure 2 2 0 0% 0 2
date of destruction 1 1 0 0% 0 1
date of groundbreaking 1 1 0 0% 0 1
date of opening 1 1 0 0% 0 1
day 53 37 16 30.2% 0 53
decade 2669 2415 254 9.5% 23 2646
decade of establishment 7 6 1 14.3% 0 7
deformation 1 1 0 0% 0 1
deity 6 6 0 0% 0 6
denomination 91 60 31 34.1% 3 88
department 884 783 101 11.4% 13 871
dependency 1 1 0 0% 0 1
descent 4 3 1 25% 1 3
designer 15 11 4 26.7% 0 15
detail 14 5 9 64.3% 1 13
dimensions 0 0 0 0% 0 0
diocese 39 21 18 46.2% 1 38
director 3 2 1 33.3% 0 3
discipline 7 3 4 57.1% 0 7
disease 2 1 1 50% 0 2
district 926 323 603 65.1% 8 918
district or statutory city 9 9 0 0% 0 9
drive-system 1 1 0 0% 0 1
domain 2 1 1 50% 0 2
Dutch name 0 0 0 0% 0 0
dynasty 13 10 3 23.1% 0 13
educational level 5 4 1 20% 0 5
element 4 4 0 0% 0 4
engine cylinder layout 2 1 1 50% 1 1
engraver 1 1 0 0% 0 1
ENI number 2 1 1 50% 1 1
ensemble 2 1 1 50% 0 2
epoch 5 3 2 40% 1 4
era 50 42 8 16% 3 47
establishment 3 3 0 0% 0 3
ethnic group 11 8 3 27.3% 1 10
ethnicity 16 10 6 37.5% 0 16
event 24 9 15 62.5% 2 22
faith 69 62 7 10.1% 3 66
familia 1 1 0 0% 0 1
family 22 11 11 50% 1 21
family role 2 2 0 0% 0 2
federal entity 1 0 1 100% 1 0
field 22 14 8 36.4% 1 21
file format 8 6 2 25% 0 8
film 4 4 0 0% 0 4
fleetnumber 1 0 1 100% 0 1
form 7 4 3 42.9% 1 6
form factor 2 2 0 0% 0 2
format 11 8 3 27.3% 0 11
former association 4 3 1 25% 0 4
former country 47 26 21 44.7% 4 43
former function 63 35 28 44.4% 0 63
former religion 1 1 0 0% 0 1
fraternity 35 29 6 17.1% 1 34
freight 1 1 0 0% 0 1
French name 1 1 0 0% 0 1
fruit 2 1 1 50% 0 2
function 963 532 431 44.8% 6 957
functional axes 1 1 0 0% 0 1
gender 72 67 5 6.9% 1 71
generation 3 2 1 33.3% 0 3
generator program 1 1 0 0% 0 1
genre 158 95 63 39.9% 5 153
genre of photography 3 2 1 33.3% 0 3
genus 6 2 4 66.7% 0 6
geochronology 3 2 1 33.3% 0 3
German name 2 2 0 0% 0 2
given name 0 0 0 0% 0 0
grade 4 2 2 50% 0 4
grave occupant 1 1 0 0% 0 1
grower 2 1 1 50% 0 2
hair color 17 14 3 17.6% 1 16
height 20 19 1 5% 0 20
height in meters 1 1 0 0% 0 1
high school 4 1 3 75% 0 4
highway 1 1 0 0% 0 1
historic territory 12 11 1 8.3% 0 12
historical land 5 1 4 80% 1 4
historical period 6 3 3 50% 2 4
historical region 11 7 4 36.4% 0 11
historical state 1 1 0 0% 0 1
historical theme 1 1 0 0% 0 1
host country 4 4 0 0% 0 4
hour 1 1 0 0% 0 1
ICAO-Code 7 7 0 0% 0 7
iconography 3 3 0 0% 0 3
idea 1 1 0 0% 0 1
ideology 2 1 1 50% 0 2
image source 1 1 0 0% 0 1
IMO number 1 1 0 0% 0 1
industry 91 43 48 52.7% 1 90
inscription 1 1 0 0% 0 1
institution 7 3 4 57.1% 0 7
instrument 76 45 31 40.8% 0 76
interest 5 1 4 80% 4 1
interpreter 2 1 1 50% 0 2
island 26 13 13 50% 0 26
issue 40 0 40 100% 38 2
Italian name 1 1 0 0% 0 1
key 2 1 1 50% 0 2
kind 0 0 0 0% 0 0
label 1 1 0 0% 0 1
lake 10 9 1 10% 1 9
land survey office 1 1 0 0% 0 1
Landeskirche 1 1 0 0% 0 1
language 303 159 144 47.5% 6 297
language family 2 1 1 50% 0 2
the language of legend 1 1 0 0% 0 1
Latin name 21 20 1 4.8% 0 21
launcher and target 2 2 0 0% 0 2
league 44 2 42 95.5% 2 42
lens 1 1 0 0% 0 1
lexical category 1 1 0 0% 0 1
librettist 1 1 0 0% 0 1
licence 2 1 1 50% 0 2
license number 1 1 0 0% 0 1
ligand 1 1 0 0% 0 1
line 277 166 111 40.1% 4 273
livery 334 161 173 51.8% 0 334
local government area 6 2 4 66.7% 0 6
localisation 1 1 0 0% 0 1
locality 46 22 24 52.2% 4 42
location 3381 889 2492 73.7% 46 3335
location painted 4 4 0 0% 0 4
London Borough 0 0 0 0% 0 0
London Travelcard zone 1 1 0 0% 0 1
main ingredient 11 4 7 63.6% 1 10
maker 5 1 4 80% 2 3
maker brand 1 1 0 0% 0 1
management 3 3 0 0% 0 3
manner of death 1 1 0 0% 0 1
manufacturer 175 132 43 24.6% 6 169
material 908 529 379 41.7% 7 901
media type 5 2 3 60% 0 5
medium 165 82 83 50.3% 6 159
metal 7 5 2 28.6% 0 7
method 1 0 1 100% 1 0
military conflict 6 6 0 0% 0 6
millennium 60 19 41 68.3% 0 60
mine 1 1 0 0% 0 1
mission country 1 1 0 0% 0 1
mode 4 4 0 0% 0 4
model 39 22 17 43.6% 6 33
model number 5 4 1 20% 0 5
modern name 2 2 0 0% 0 2
modern territory 2 2 0 0% 0 2
month 3289 1045 2244 68.2% 13 3276
motif 6 2 4 66.7% 0 6
motive power 26 19 7 26.9% 0 26
mountain range 13 11 2 15.4% 0 13
movement 4 3 1 25% 0 4
municipality 1470 1071 399 27.1% 6 1464
museum 572 370 202 35.3% 36 536
music school 2 1 1 50% 0 2
music venue 1 1 0 0% 0 1
name 1088 505 583 53.6% 16 1072
national team 21 18 3 14.3% 1 20
navy 1 1 0 0% 0 1
neighborhood 4 2 2 50% 0 4
neighborhood or section 2 2 0 0% 0 2
number 76 26 50 65.8% 7 69
number of buttons 1 1 0 0% 0 1
number of crescents 2 2 0 0% 0 2
number of engines 2 2 0 0% 0 2
number of fields 1 1 0 0% 0 1
number of funnels 1 1 0 0% 0 1
number of masts 1 1 0 0% 0 1
number of points 2 2 0 0% 0 2
number of rays 1 1 0 0% 0 1
number of sides 1 1 0 0% 0 1
number of stars 2 2 0 0% 0 2
number of stripes 1 1 0 0% 0 1
number of wheels 1 1 0 0% 0 1
numeral system 1 1 0 0% 0 1
object 10 5 5 50% 1 9
oblast 4 0 4 100% 4 0
occupant 4 3 1 25% 1 3
occupation 714 514 200 28% 56 658
ocean 25 16 9 36% 0 25
ocean and other basins 1 1 0 0% 0 1
OEM supplier 2 1 1 50% 0 2
office 20 17 3 15% 0 20
operating cycle 2 2 0 0% 0 2
operating system 3 3 0 0% 0 3
operator 637 535 102 16% 5 632
order 143 19 124 86.7% 1 142
order of Fresnel lens 1 1 0 0% 0 1
organization 18 8 10 55.6% 1 17
orientation 2 2 0 0% 0 2
origin 16 10 6 37.5% 1 15
owner 3 1 2 66.7% 1 2
page number 1 1 0 0% 0 1
painter 119 32 87 73.1% 3 116
paper type 1 1 0 0% 0 1
parent alcohol 1 1 0 0% 0 1
parent oxoacid 1 1 0 0% 0 1
parish 8 4 4 50% 1 7
participant or team 2 2 0 0% 0 2
participants 34 2 32 94.1% 0 34
particle size 1 1 0 0% 0 1
party 45 30 15 33.3% 2 43
patron 1 1 0 0% 0 1
patron saint 424 342 82 19.3% 2 422
pattern 7 7 0 0% 0 7
performer 2 1 1 50% 0 2
period 921 751 170 18.5% 15 906
period and style 7 6 1 14.3% 0 7
periodic table group 1 1 0 0% 0 1
periodic table row 1 1 0 0% 0 1
photographer 30 26 4 13.3% 1 29
place 34 11 23 67.6% 2 32
place built 0 0 0 0% 0 0
place name 1 1 0 0% 0 1
place of creation 2 2 0 0% 0 2
place of display 1 0 1 100% 1 0
place of production 1 1 0 0% 0 1
planting year 1 1 0 0% 0 1
platform 1 1 0 0% 0 1
point of view 14 10 4 28.6% 0 14
political office 19 15 4 21.1% 0 19
political orientation 1 1 0 0% 0 1
political party 4 1 3 75% 0 4
port 13 3 10 76.9% 0 13
portraitist 1 1 0 0% 0 1
position 142 134 8 5.6% 1 141
position of motifs 1 1 0 0% 0 1
postcode 7 4 3 42.9% 0 7
posture 61 37 24 39.3% 0 61
power 1 1 0 0% 0 1
prefecture 162 124 38 23.5% 1 161
preparation method 14 3 11 78.6% 0 14
previous owner 1 1 0 0% 0 1
printing type 1 1 0 0% 0 1
producer 2 1 1 50% 0 2
product 22 11 11 50% 1 21
production area 30 15 15 50% 1 29
production culture 1 1 0 0% 0 1
profession 4 1 3 75% 2 2
projection 1 1 0 0% 0 1
projection property 2 1 1 50% 0 2
projection surface 2 2 0 0% 0 2
provenance 6 2 4 66.7% 0 6
province 759 360 399 52.6% 20 739
province-level division 2 1 1 50% 0 2
province or territory 321 250 71 22.1% 3 318
publisher 8 6 2 25% 0 8
purpose 4 2 2 50% 0 4
railway 6 2 4 66.7% 1 5
range 1 1 0 0% 0 1
rank 14 7 7 50% 0 14
rank and suit 1 1 0 0% 0 1
record label 2 1 1 50% 0 2
region 2062 1488 574 27.8% 42 2020
region or department 0 0 0 0% 0 0
regional county municipality 0 0 0 0% 0 0
registration 14 6 8 57.1% 0 14
registration country 3 1 2 66.7% 1 2
registration number 17 15 2 11.8% 0 17
religion 267 162 105 39.3% 7 260
religious affiliation 3 1 2 66.7% 0 3
religious building 0 0 0 0% 0 0
religious denomination 17 6 11 64.7% 2 15
religious order 13 6 7 53.8% 1 12
representation type 3 1 2 66.7% 0 3
represented subject 2 1 1 50% 0 2
resolution 1 1 0 0% 0 1
revolution 1 1 0 0% 0 1
Richter magnitude 1 1 0 0% 0 1
rig 1 1 0 0% 0 1
river 112 79 33 29.5% 3 109
role 6 3 3 50% 1 5
room 13 6 7 53.8% 1 12
rotor configuration 1 1 0 0% 0 1
route 167 5 162 97% 1 166
ruler 1 1 0 0% 0 1
satellite or instrument 1 1 0 0% 0 1
scale 7 2 5 71.4% 0 7
school 11 6 5 45.5% 3 8
script 3 2 1 33.3% 0 3
sculptor 8 6 2 25% 0 8
sculpture 2 1 1 50% 1 1
sea 27 17 10 37% 2 25
season 42 17 25 59.5% 1 41
section 9 2 7 77.8% 2 7
sector 4 2 2 50% 0 4
serial number 4 3 1 25% 0 4
series 13 6 7 53.8% 1 12
service 10 8 2 20% 0 10
session 1 0 1 100% 1 0
set 1 1 0 0% 0 1
setting 48 24 24 50% 3 45
sex 4 4 0 0% 0 4
sexuality 2 2 0 0% 0 2
shape 200 72 128 64% 6 194
shape of the shield 1 1 0 0% 0 1
ship name 6 6 0 0% 0 6
ship type 1 1 0 0% 0 1
shipping company 3 3 0 0% 0 3
shipyard 3 1 2 66.7% 2 1
shown topic 1 0 1 100% 1 0
situation 3 2 1 33.3% 1 2
size 28 2 26 92.9% 0 28
size or form 0 0 0 0% 0 0
Socket 1 1 0 0% 0 1
software 8 5 3 37.5% 1 7
software used 8 3 5 62.5% 0 8
song 1 1 0 0% 0 1
source 52 28 24 46.2% 1 51
space group 1 1 0 0% 0 1
Spanish name 1 1 0 0% 0 1
spans of time 1 1 0 0% 0 1
speaker 1 1 0 0% 0 1
special criterion 1 1 0 0% 0 1
species 57 13 44 77.2% 4 53
spectral type 1 1 0 0% 0 1
sport 172 129 43 25% 0 172
standard 0 0 0 0% 0 0
state 1521 658 863 56.7% 33 1488
state and territory 3 1 2 66.7% 0 3
state or territory 7849 396 7453 95% 4 7845
station 14 3 11 78.6% 0 14
status 29 22 7 24.1% 0 29
stock exchange 1 1 0 0% 0 1
strain 1 1 0 0% 0 1
street 17 1 16 94.1% 1 16
strength 1 1 0 0% 0 1
structure 2 0 2 100% 1 1
style 711 386 325 45.7% 10 701
style of dressing 2 1 1 50% 0 2
subdivision 13 11 2 15.4% 1 12
subfamily 1 1 0 0% 0 1
subject 838 431 407 48.6% 19 819
subject area 1 1 0 0% 0 1
suit 1 1 0 0% 0 1
surface 8 7 1 12.5% 0 8
surname 0 0 0 0% 0 0
system 2 2 0 0% 0 2
target 3 3 0 0% 0 3
target organ system 1 1 0 0% 0 1
taxon 108 11 97 89.8% 1 107
teaching style 1 1 0 0% 0 1
team 47 26 21 44.7% 4 43
technical criteria 3 3 0 0% 0 3
technology 3 3 0 0% 0 3
technique 25 15 10 40% 0 25
television series 1 1 0 0% 0 1
territory 78 71 7 9% 1 77
text 1 1 0 0% 0 1
theme 113 56 57 50.4% 5 108
time 32 23 9 28.1% 2 30
tincture 38 33 5 13.2% 0 38
title 11 4 7 63.6% 2 9
topic 1201 970 231 19.2% 82 1119
town 25 4 21 84% 4 21
traction 3 2 1 33.3% 0 3
trade 2 1 1 50% 0 2
tradition 3 2 1 33.3% 0 3
train operating company 1 1 0 0% 0 1
transported substance 1 1 0 0% 0 1
TS number 2 1 1 50% 1 1
type 1653 962 691 41.8% 35 1618
type of animal 1 1 0 0% 0 1
type of door 1 1 0 0% 0 1
type of energy 43 4 39 90.7% 0 43
type of file 1 1 0 0% 0 1
type of illness 0 0 0 0% 0 0
type of image 3 2 1 33.3% 0 3
type of power 2 2 0 0% 0 2
type of structure 1 1 0 0% 0 1
type of use 2 1 1 50% 1 1
type of valvegear 1 1 0 0% 0 1
type of valves 1 1 0 0% 0 1
type of view 1 1 0 0% 0 1
type of wing 1 1 0 0% 0 1
typeface 1 1 0 0% 0 1
UIC classification 1 1 0 0% 0 1
university 5 2 3 60% 2 3
university or college 6 2 4 66.7% 3 3
usage 10 6 4 40% 0 10
use 37 35 2 5.4% 0 37
user 193 3 190 98.4% 0 193
variant 2 1 1 50% 0 2
vehicle 7 6 1 14.3% 0 7
vendor 1 0 1 100% 1 0
venue 4 4 0 0% 0 4
vessel 1 0 1 100% 0 1
video camera 1 1 0 0% 0 1
video game 1 0 1 100% 1 0
view 5 3 2 40% 0 5
view of subject 19 8 11 57.9% 0 19
vocalist 2 1 1 50% 0 2
voivodeship 162 79 83 51.2% 3 159
Volcanic Explosivity Index 1 1 0 0% 0 1
war 59 30 29 49.2% 1 58
weather 2 2 0 0% 0 2
wholesaler 1 1 0 0% 0 1
Whyte classification 1 1 0 0% 0 1
writing system 3 2 1 33.3% 0 3
year 5208 3160 2048 39.3% 57 5151
year of closure 3 3 0 0% 0 3
year of completion 429 365 64 14.9% 1 428
year of destruction 47 42 5 10.6% 2 45
year of disestablishment 5 4 1 20% 0 5
year of establishment 28 23 5 17.9% 0 28
year of photographing 119 118 1 0.8% 0 119
year of registration 3 2 1 33.3% 0 3
zoo 9 3 6 66.7% 2 7
zoo name 376 3 373 99.2% 0 376
zootomy 1 1 0 0% 0 1

Non-standard[edit]

Topics are included here, in parentheses.

  • (categories) by city in <country>
  • (association football players|ice hockey players) by team in <country>
  • (alumni|faculty|people) by university or college in <country>

See also[edit]