Flags of extinct states

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English: This gallery contains the flags of states that were (at least de facto) independent in the past. The independence of many of these states has not been acknowledged, but the flags had been used as their state/national flags. Several of these flags are currently used, either by secessionist movements or officially by regional authorities. For historical flags of current countries, see w:Timeline of national flags

Africa[edit]

Flag of Anjouan (de facto independent 1997–2002)
Flag of Anjouan (de facto independent 1997–2002)
Flag of Asanteman (independent until 1957)
Flag of Asanteman (independent until 1957)
Flag of Biafra (de facto independent 1967–1970)
Flag of Biafra (de facto independent 1967–1970)
Flag of Republic of Benin (extremely short-lived independence 1967)
Flag of Republic of Benin (extremely short-lived independence 1967)
Flag of w:Bophuthatswana (independent 1977–1994; recognized by South Africa)
Flag of w:Bophuthatswana (independent 1977–1994; recognized by South Africa)
Flag of w:Republic of Cabinda (de facto independent 1975–1976; current flags of independence movement FLEC are different)
Flag of w:Republic of Cabinda (de facto independent 1975–1976; current flags of independence movement FLEC are different)
Flag of w:Ciskei (independent 1981–1994; recognized by South Africa)
Flag of w:Ciskei (independent 1981–1994; recognized by South Africa)
Flag of w:State of Katanga (de facto independent 1960–1963)
Flag of w:State of Katanga (de facto independent 1960–1963)
Flag of the w:Kingdom of Merina (independent until 1896)
Flag of the w:Kingdom of Merina (independent until 1896)
Flag of w:Mohéli (de facto independent 1997; current local flag is different)
Flag of w:Mohéli (de facto independent 1997; current local flag is different)
Flag of the w:Natalia Republic (independent 1839–1843)
Flag of the w:Natalia Republic (independent 1839–1843)
Flag of the w:Orange Free State (Independent 1854–1902)
Flag of the w:Orange Free State (Independent 1854–1902)
Flag of the w:Islands of Refreshment (de facto independent 1811–1816)
Flag of the w:Islands of Refreshment (de facto independent 1811–1816)
Flag of w:Rhodesia (de facto independent 1965–1979)
Flag of w:Rhodesia (de facto independent 1965–1979)
Flag of the w:Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland (de facto independent 1953-1963)
Flag of the w:Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland (de facto independent 1953-1963)
Flag of the w:Republic of the Rif (de facto independent 1921–1926)
Flag of the w:Republic of the Rif (de facto independent 1921–1926)
Flag of the w:South African Republic (independent 1856–77, 1881–1902)
Flag of the w:South African Republic (independent 1856–77, 1881–1902)
Flag of w:South Kasai (de facto independent 1960–1962)
Flag of w:South Kasai (de facto independent 1960–1962)
Flag of w:Tanganyika (independent 1961-1964)
Flag of w:Tanganyika (independent 1961-1964)
Flag of w:Transkei (independent 1976–1994; recognized by South Africa)
Flag of w:Transkei (independent 1976–1994; recognized by South Africa)
Flag of w:Venda (independent 1979–1994; recognized by South Africa)
Flag of w:Venda (independent 1979–1994; recognized by South Africa)
Flag of the w:Sultanate of Zanzibar (independent 1856-1885 and 1963-1964)
Flag of the w:Sultanate of Zanzibar (independent 1856-1885 and 1963-1964)
Flag of the w:People's Republic of Zanzibar and Pemba (independent 1964)
Flag of the w:People's Republic of Zanzibar and Pemba (independent 1964)

Asia[edit]

Flag of the w:Aceh Sultanate (independent until 1874)
Flag of the w:Aceh Sultanate (independent until 1874)
Flag of the w:Sultanate of Banten (independent until 1808)
Flag of the w:Sultanate of Banten (independent until 1808)
Flag of the w:Republic of Biak-na-Bato (de facto independent 1897)
Flag of the w:Republic of Biak-na-Bato (de facto independent 1897)
Flag of the w:Republic of Ezo (independent 1869)
Flag of the w:Republic of Ezo (independent 1869)
Flag of the w:Republic of Formosa (independent 1895)
Flag of the w:Republic of Formosa (independent 1895)
Flag of Ha'il state under the Al-Rasheed Dynasty (1834-1921)
Flag of Ha'il state under the Al-Rasheed Dynasty (1834-1921)
First Flag of the w:Kingdom of Hejaz (independent 1916-1925; flag flown 1917-1920)
First Flag of the w:Kingdom of Hejaz (independent 1916-1925; flag flown 1917-1920)
Second Flag of the w:Kingdom of Hejaz (independent 1916-1925; flag flown 1920-1925)
Second Flag of the w:Kingdom of Hejaz (independent 1916-1925; flag flown 1920-1925)
Flag of the w:Kingdom of Kurdistan (de facto independent 1922–1924)
Flag of the w:Kingdom of Kurdistan (de facto independent 1922–1924)
Flag of the w:Sultanate of Maguindanao (independent 1500–1898)
Flag of the w:Sultanate of Maguindanao (independent 1500–1898)
Flag of the w:Republic of Mahabad (de facto independent 1946; flag currently used by w:Kurds all over the world)
Flag of the w:Republic of Mahabad (de facto independent 1946; flag currently used by w:Kurds all over the world)
Flag of w:Manchukuo (nominally independent 1932–1945)
Flag of w:Manchukuo (nominally independent 1932–1945)
Flag of the w:Mataram Sultanate (independent 1588-1755)
Flag of the w:Mataram Sultanate (independent 1588-1755)
Flag of w:Mengjiang (nominally independent 1936–1945)
Flag of w:Mengjiang (nominally independent 1936–1945)
Flag of the w:Mughal Empire (existed 1526-1857)
Flag of the w:Mughal Empire (existed 1526-1857)
Flag of the w:Sultanate of Nejd (existed 1921-1926)
Flag of the w:Sultanate of Nejd (existed 1921-1926)
Last Flag of the w:Ottoman Empire (independent 14th century-1922)
Last Flag of the w:Ottoman Empire (independent 14th century-1922)
Flag of the w:Ryūkyū Kingdom (independent 1429–1609; vassal of w:Satsuma 1609; annexed to Japan 1879)
Flag of the w:Ryūkyū Kingdom (independent 1429–1609; vassal of w:Satsuma 1609; annexed to Japan 1879)
Flag of w:Sikkim (independent until 1975)
Flag of w:Sikkim (independent until 1975)
Flag of w:South Moluccas (de facto independent 1950)
Flag of w:South Moluccas (de facto independent 1950)
Flag of w:Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) (independent 1955–1975)
Flag of w:Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) (independent 1955–1975)
Flag of the w:Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam (w:Vietcong) (independent 1969–1976)
Flag of the w:Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam (w:Vietcong) (independent 1969–1976)
Flag of w:South Yemen (independent 1967–1990)
Flag of w:South Yemen (independent 1967–1990)
Flag of the w:Sultanate of Sulu (independent 1457–1917)
Flag of the w:Sultanate of Sulu (independent 1457–1917)
Flag of the w:Tannu Tuva (independent 1921–1944)
Flag of the w:Tannu Tuva (independent 1921–1944)
Flag of w:Tibet (de facto independent 1912-1951)
Flag of w:Tibet (de facto independent 1912-1951)
Flag of the w:Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic (independent 1918)
Flag of the w:Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic (independent 1918)
Flag of the w:Republic of Zamboanga (de facto independent 1899–1903)
Flag of the w:Republic of Zamboanga (de facto independent 1899–1903)

Australia/Oceania[edit]

Flag of Bougainville (de facto independent 1988–1997; also used as current provincial flag)
Flag of Bougainville (de facto independent 1988–1997; also used as current provincial flag)
Flag of Franceville (independent 1889)
Flag of Franceville (independent 1889)
Flag of the w:Kingdom of Hawaii (independent 1810–1893) and the w:Republic of Hawaii (independent 1894–1898), currently flag of the w:State of Hawaii (w:United States)
Flag of the w:Kingdom of Hawaii (independent 1810–1893) and the w:Republic of Hawaii (independent 1894–1898), currently flag of the w:State of Hawaii (w:United States)
Flag of the Kingdom of Tahiti (independent until 1880)
Flag of the Kingdom of Tahiti (independent until 1880)
Flag of the Kingdom of Raiatea (independent until 1888)
Flag of the Kingdom of Raiatea (independent until 1888)
Flag of the Kingdom of Bora Bora (independent until 1895)
Flag of the Kingdom of Bora Bora (independent until 1895)
Flag of the Kingdom of Huahine (independent until 1895)
Flag of the Kingdom of Huahine (independent until 1895)
Flag of the Kingdom of Mangareva (independent until 1881)
Flag of the Kingdom of Mangareva (independent until 1881)
Flag of the Kingdom of Rurutu (independent until 1900)
Flag of the Kingdom of Rurutu (independent until 1900)
Flag of the Kingdom of Rimatara (independent until 1901)
Flag of the Kingdom of Rimatara (independent until 1901)
Flag of the Kingdom of Tuamotu (independent until ?)
Flag of the Kingdom of Tuamotu (independent until ?)
Flag of the United Tribes of Fiji (until 1867)
Flag of the United Tribes of Fiji (until 1867)
Flag of the United Tribes of Fiji (1867-1869)
Flag of the United Tribes of Fiji (1867-1869)
Flag of the Kingdom of Lau (independent until 1871)
Flag of the Kingdom of Lau (independent until 1871)
Flag of the Kingdom of Easter Island (independent until 1888)
Flag of the Kingdom of Easter Island (independent until 1888)

Caribbean[edit]

Flag of Republic of Anguilla (de facto independent 1967–1969)
Flag of Republic of Anguilla (de facto independent 1967–1969)
Flag of West Indies Federation (de facto independent 1958-1962)
Flag of West Indies Federation (de facto independent 1958-1962)

Europe[edit]

Flag of the Republic of w:Alsace-Lorraine (independent 1918)
Flag of the Republic of w:Alsace-Lorraine (independent 1918)
Flag of the Empire of w:Austria-Hungary (independent 1867-1918)
Flag of the Empire of w:Austria-Hungary (independent 1867-1918)
Flag of the Grand Duchy of w:Baden (independent 1806-1871)
Flag of the Grand Duchy of w:Baden (independent 1806-1871)
Flag of the Kingdom of w:Bavaria (independent 1806-1871; also used as current provincial flag)
Flag of the Kingdom of w:Bavaria (independent 1806-1871; also used as current provincial flag)
Flag of w:Brittany (independent until 16th century—see also current flag)
Flag of w:Brittany (independent until 16th century—see also current flag)
Flag of the w:Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic (constituent republic of the USSR, but separate member of the United Nations, 1945-1991)
Flag of the w:Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic (constituent republic of the USSR, but separate member of the United Nations, 1945-1991)
Flag of w:Cornwall (independent until 11th century)
Flag of w:Cornwall (independent until 11th century)
Flag of w:Corsica (independent 1755–1769)
Flag of w:Corsica (independent 1755–1769)
Flag of w:Cospaia (independent 1440–1826)
Flag of w:Cospaia (independent 1440–1826)
Flag of w:Republic of Crete (independent 1898-1913)
Flag of w:Republic of Crete (independent 1898-1913)
Flag of Independent State of Croatia (1941-1945)
Flag of Independent State of Croatia (1941-1945)
Flag of w:Czechoslovakia (existed 1918-1938 and 1945-1993; currently national flag of w:Czech Republic)
Flag of w:Czechoslovakia (existed 1918-1938 and 1945-1993; currently national flag of w:Czech Republic)
Flag of the w:Free City of Danzig (independent 1920–1939)
Flag of the w:Free City of Danzig (independent 1920–1939)
Flag of w:Eastern Rumelia (de facto independent 1878-1908)
Flag of w:Eastern Rumelia (de facto independent 1878-1908)
Flag of East Germany (independent 1949–1990)
Flag of East Germany (independent 1949–1990)
Flag of w: Kingdom of England (independent 927-1707)
Flag of w: Kingdom of England (independent 927-1707)
Flag of the w:Free State of Fiume (independent 1920–1924)
Flag of the w:Free State of Fiume (independent 1920–1924)
Flag of w: Kingdom of France (independent 843-1792)
Flag of w: Kingdom of France (independent 843-1792)
Flag of the Patriarch State of Friuli (independent 1077–1420)
Flag of the Patriarch State of Friuli (independent 1077–1420)
Flag of the w:Republic of Gagauzia (independent 1990–1994)
Flag of the w:Republic of Gagauzia (independent 1990–1994)
Flag of w:Galician Soviet Socialist Republic (independent 1920)
Flag of w:Galician Soviet Socialist Republic (independent 1920)
Flag of the w:Most Serene Republic of Genoa (independent 1005–1814, with interruptions)
Flag of the w:Most Serene Republic of Genoa (independent 1005–1814, with interruptions)
Flag of the w:Grand Duchy of Hesse (independent 1806-1871)
Flag of the w:Grand Duchy of Hesse (independent 1806-1871)
Flag of w:Idel-Ural State (independent 1917–1918)
Flag of w:Idel-Ural State (independent 1917–1918)
Flag of Crimea (one day of formal "independence" 2014)
Flag of Crimea (one day of formal "independence" 2014)
Flag of w:Kuban People's Republic (independent 1918–1920)
Flag of w:Kuban People's Republic (independent 1918–1920)
Flag of w:Menton and Roquebrune (independent 1848-1861)
Flag of w:Menton and Roquebrune (independent 1848-1861)
Flag of the w:Soviet Republic of Naissaar (independent 1917–1918)
Flag of the w:Soviet Republic of Naissaar (independent 1917–1918)
Flag of the w:Republic of Ragusa (independent 1358–1808)
Flag of the w:Republic of Ragusa (independent 1358–1808)
Last Flag of the w:Kingdom of Sardinia (independent 1720–1861)
Last Flag of the w:Kingdom of Sardinia (independent 1720–1861)
Flag of the Kingdom of w:Saxony (independent 1806-1871; also used as current provincial flag)
Flag of the Kingdom of w:Saxony (independent 1806-1871; also used as current provincial flag)
Flag of the w:Kingdom of Scotland (independent 843-1707)
Flag of the w:Kingdom of Scotland (independent 843-1707)
Flag of the w:Republic of Serbian Krajina (de facto independent 1991–1995)
Flag of the w:Republic of Serbian Krajina (de facto independent 1991–1995)
Flag of w:Tavolara (independent 1836-1962?)
Flag of w:Tavolara (independent 1836-1962?)
Flag of Tavolaran Republic (1886-1899)
Flag of Tavolaran Republic (1886-1899)
Flag of the w:Free Territory of Trieste (independent 1947–1954)
Flag of the w:Free Territory of Trieste (independent 1947–1954)
Flag of the w:Grand Duchy of Tuscany (independent 1569–1807 and 1814–1859)
Flag of the w:Grand Duchy of Tuscany (independent 1569–1807 and 1814–1859)
Flag of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (independent 1130[as w:Kingdom of Sicily]–1861)
Flag of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (independent 1130[as w:Kingdom of Sicily]–1861)
Flag of the w:Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (constituent republic of the USSR, but separate member of the United Nations, 1945-1991)
Flag of the w:Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (constituent republic of the USSR, but separate member of the United Nations, 1945-1991)
Flag of the w:Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (Existed 1922-1991)
Flag of the w:Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (Existed 1922-1991)
Flag of the w:Most Serene Republic of Venice (independent 9th century – 1797)
Flag of the w:Most Serene Republic of Venice (independent 9th century – 1797)
Flag of w:Wales (independent until 1282)
Flag of w:Wales (independent until 1282)
Flag of the w:West Ukrainian People's Republic (independent 1918–1919, currently national flag of w:Ukraine)
Flag of the w:West Ukrainian People's Republic (independent 1918–1919, currently national flag of w:Ukraine)
Flag of the w:Republic of Western Bosnia (de facto independent 1993–1995)
Flag of the w:Republic of Western Bosnia (de facto independent 1993–1995)
Flag of the Kingdom of w:Württemberg (independent 1806-1871)
Flag of the Kingdom of w:Württemberg (independent 1806-1871)
Flag of the w:Kingdom of Yugoslavia (existed 1918–1941)
Flag of the w:Kingdom of Yugoslavia (existed 1918–1941)
Flag of the w:SFR Yugoslavia (existed 1943–1992)
Flag of the w:SFR Yugoslavia (existed 1943–1992)

North and Central America[edit]

Flag of the w:California Republic (independent 1846, currently flag of w:State of California)
Flag of the w:California Republic (independent 1846, currently flag of w:State of California)
Flag of the w:Federal Republic of Central America (independent 1823-1838)
Flag of the w:Federal Republic of Central America (independent 1823-1838)
Flag of the w:Confederate States of America (independent 1861-1865, third of three versions)
Flag of the w:Confederate States of America (independent 1861-1865, third of three versions)
Flag of the w:State of Muskogee (independent 1799-1803)
Flag of the w:State of Muskogee (independent 1799-1803)
Flag of the w:Republic of the Rio Grande (independent 1840)
Flag of the w:Republic of the Rio Grande (independent 1840)
First Flag of the w:Republic of Texas (independent 1836-1845; flag flown 1836-1839)
First Flag of the w:Republic of Texas (independent 1836-1845; flag flown 1836-1839)
Second Flag of the w:Republic of Texas (independent 1836-1845; flag flown 1839-1845; currently flag of w:State of Texas)
Second Flag of the w:Republic of Texas (independent 1836-1845; flag flown 1839-1845; currently flag of w:State of Texas)
Flag of the w:Vermont Republic (independent 1777-1791)
Flag of the w:Vermont Republic (independent 1777-1791)
Flag of the w:Republic of West Florida (independent 1810)
Flag of the w:Republic of West Florida (independent 1810)
Flag of the Republic of Yucatán (independent 1841-1843, 1846-1848)
Flag of the Republic of Yucatán (independent 1841-1843, 1846-1848)
Flag of the Republic of w:Los Altos (independent 1844, 1848, 1849)
Flag of the Republic of w:Los Altos (independent 1844, 1848, 1849)
Flag of the Republic of w:Lower California (independent 1853-1854)
Flag of the Republic of w:Lower California (independent 1853-1854)
Flag of the Republic of w:Sonora (independent 1854)
Flag of the Republic of w:Sonora (independent 1854)

South America[edit]

Flag of the Kingdom of Araucanía and Patagonia (de facto independent 1862-1865)
Flag of the Kingdom of Araucanía and Patagonia (de facto independent 1862-1865)
Flag of the First Republic of Acre (independent 1899-1900), the same as the current Brasilian State of Acre
Flag of the First Republic of Acre (independent 1899-1900), the same as the current Brasilian State of Acre
Flag of the Third Republic of Acre (independent January-November, 1903)
Flag of the Third Republic of Acre (independent January-November, 1903)
Flag of Juliana Republic (independent July–November, 1839)
Flag of Juliana Republic (independent July–November, 1839)
Flag of Riograndense Republic (independent 1836-1845, similar to the flag of Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul)
Flag of Riograndense Republic (independent 1836-1845, similar to the flag of Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul)
Flag of Principality of Trinidad (independent 1893-1895)
Flag of Principality of Trinidad (independent 1893-1895)

See also[edit]