Haga, Göteborg

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  • sv: Haga är en stadsdel i centrala Göteborg. Stadsdelen ingår tillsammans med Pustervik i primärområdet Haga, ett av fem primärområden i stadsdelsnämndsområdet Göteborgs Stad Linnéstaden.

Haga ligger mellan Järntorget i nordväst, Hagakyrkan i nordöst och Skanstorget vid foten av Skansen Kronan i sydost. Området har varit bebyggt i flera hundra år, men i slutet av 1800-talet blev det tät stadsbebyggelse och de gator som då anlades har fortfarande samma sträckningar. Husen i området var så kallade landshövdingehus. Haga var fram till 1970-talet en stadsdel med låg boendestandard, bohemliv, krogar och svartklubbar. Omfattande rivningar och renoveringar under 1970- och 1980-talen förändrade bilden. Det finns en del gamla byggnader kvar, även om många revs. Haga är idag en eftertraktad boendemiljö och betraktas som en sevärdhet i Göteborg.

  • en: Haga is a city district in Gothenburg, Sweden, renowned for its picturesque wooden houses, 19th century-atmosphere and cafés. Originally a working class suburb of the city with a rather bad reputation it was gradually transformed into a popular visiting place for tourists and gothenburgers. A major renovation of the area were made in the 1980s, houses were either renovated or torn down and replaced by post-modernistic replicas.

The district was first established in the mid-1600's by Queen Kristina, making it Göteborg's first suburb. Originally, it was decreed that, since the district was outside the city walls, the area could be demolished in the event that the land was needed by the crown or in case of a threatening siege. In the 1690's, this rule was applied and 34 houses of the district were demolished in order to build a covered causeway, caponier, from the city walls to the fortress of Skansen Crown. It was not until the 1840's that new industries were established in Göteborg, which lead to an influx of workers into Haga, creating the first worker's district in the area. This lead to a housing shortage during the 1870's and the establishment of additional worker's districts to accommodate the rapid growth of the city. In the 1920's, after extensive expansion of the district, the population of the area began a decline. Many public works in the area were closed and it became a primarily residential area. A redevelopment plan drawn up in 1962 for Göteborg, which again included the demolition of buildings in the district. This lead to the founding of the Haga Group, in 1970, which strove to preserve the original architecture of the area. Between 1973 and 1977, demolition work was decreased because of local pressures, and some of the buildings were even repaired by the local authorities.