Index Imperatorum Romanorum

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The Principate[edit]

Julio-Claudian dynasty[edit]

Bust / Painting Coin Names and Reign Family
Bust of augustus.jpg 002 Augustus.jpg Augustus
Gaius Octavius
GAIVS OCTAVIVS
IMPERATOR CAESAR DIVI FILIVS AVGVSTVS

16 January 27 BC to 19 August AD 14
parents: Gaius Octavius and Atia Balba Caesonia
wife: Livia — children: Julia Caesaris
adopted children: Tiberius, Drusus
Tiberius bust.jpg 005 Tiberius.jpg Tiberius
Tiberius Claudius Nero
TIBERIVS CLAVDIVS NERO
TIBERIVS CAESAR AVGVSTVS

19 August 14 to 16 March 37
Parents: Tiberius Nero and Livia, adopted by Augustus
Wife: Vipsania Agrippina — Children: Julius Caesar Drusus
Caligula bust.jpg 011 Caligula.jpg Caligula
Gaius Julius Caesar Germanicus
GAIVS IVLIVS CAESAR GERMANICVS
GAIVS CAESAR AVGVSTVS GERMANICVS

18 March 37 to 24 January 41
Parents: Germanicus and Agrippina Major
Wife: — Children:
012 Claudius.jpg Claudius
Tiberius Claudius Drusus Nero Germanicus
TIBERIVS CLAVDIVS DRVSVS
TIBERIVS CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVGVSTVS GERMANICVS

24 January 41 to 13 October 54
Parents: Drusus and Antonia Minor
Wife:
1. Plautia Urgulanilla — Children: Claudius Drusus and Claudia
2. Aelia Paetina — Children: Claudia Antonia
3. Valeria Messalina — Children: Britannicus, Claudia Octavia
4. Agrippina Minor
adopted children: Nero
Nero Glyptothek Munich 321.jpg 014 Nero.jpg Nero
Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus
LVCIVS DOMITIVS AHENOBARBVS
NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR DRVSVS GERMANICVS

October 54 to 11 June 68
Parents: Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus and Agrippina Minor (adopted by Claudius)
Wife: Claudia Octavia, Poppaea, Statilia Messalina — Children: Claudia Augusta

Year of the four emperors[edit]

Bust / Painting Coin Names and Reign Family
Sin foto.svg 017 Galba.jpg Galba
Servius Sulpicius Galba
SERVIVS SVLPICIVS GALBA
SERVIVS GALBA IMPERATOR CAESAR AVGVSTVS

8 June 68 to 15 January 69
parents: Servius Sulpicius Galba and Mummia Achaica
wife: Aemilia Lepida — children: -
adopted children: Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi Licinianus
Oth001.jpg OthoDen.jpg Otho
Marcus Salvius Otho
MARCVS SALVIVS OTHO
IMPERATOR MARCVS OTHO CAESAR AVGVSTVS

15 January 69 to 16 April 69
parents: Lucius Otho and Terentia Albia
wife: Poppaea Sabina — children: -
adopted children: -
Sin foto.svg Vittelius monnaie ag1.JPG Vitellius
Aulus Vitellius
AVLUS VITELLIVS
AVLVS VITELLIVS GERMANICVS AVGVSTVS

2 January 69 to 20 December 69
parents: Lucius Vitellius and Sextilia
wife: - — children: -
adopted children: -

Flavian Dynasty[edit]

Bust / Painting Coin Names and Reign Family
Vespasian 01.jpg Vespasian.jpg Vespasian
Titus Flavius Vespasianus
TITVS FLAVIVS VESPASIANVS
IMPERATOR TITVS CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVGVSTVS

1 July to 23 June 79
parents: Titus Flavius Sabinus and Vespasia Polla
wife: Domitilla — children: Titus, Domitian, Domitilla
adopted children: -
Head Titus Glyptothek Munich 338.jpg 022 Titus.jpg Titus
Titus Flavius Vespasianus
TITVS FLAVIVS VESPASIANVS
IMPERATOR TITVS CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVGVSTVS

15 January 69 to 16 April 69
parents: Vespasian and Domitilla
wife:
  1. Arrecina Tertulla
  2. Marcia Furnilla — children: Julia Flavia
    adopted children: -
Bust Domitian Musei Capitolini MC1156.jpg 024 Domitian.jpg Domitian
Titus Flavius Domitianus
TITVS FLAVIVS DOMITIANVS
IMPERATOR CAESAR DOMITIANVS AVGVSTVS GERMANICVS

24 October 51 to 18 September 96
parents: Vespasian and Domitilla
wife:
  1. Domitia Longina — children: one son and one daughter
  2. Julia Flavia
    adopted children: -

Nervan-Antonian dynasty - Five Good Emperors[edit]

Severan Dynasty, African, Asian and Syrian Emperors[edit]

Crisis of the Third Century[edit]

Emperors during the height of the Crisis[edit]

Gallic Empire 260 to 274[edit]

Illyrian Emperors[edit]

Tetrarchies, unifications and new splits[edit]

Dominate[edit]

Valentinian Dynasty[edit]

Britannic Empire 286 to 297[edit]

Late Roman Empire[edit]

Theodosian Dynasty[edit]

Western Empire[edit]

For continuation, see: list of Barbarian kings of Italy

Eastern Empire[edit]

Byzantine Emperors

For continuation, see: List of Byzantine emperors

Bust / Painting Coin Names and Reign Family
Nerva Tivoli Massimo.jpg NervaSest.jpg Nerva
Titus Flavius Vespasianus
Marcus Cocceius Nerva
IMPERATOR NERVA CAESAR AVGVSTVS

18 september 96 to 27 gennuary 98.
parents:Cocceius Nerva and Sergia Plautilla
Trajan-Xanten.JPG 027 Traianus.jpg Trajan
Marcus Ulpius Nerva Traianus
Marcus Cocceius Nerva
IMPERATOR CÆSAR DIVI NERVÆ FILIVS MARCVS VLPIVS NERVA TRAIANVS OPTIMVS AVGVSTVS FORTISSIMVS PRINCEPS GERMANICVS DACICVS PARTHICVS MAXIMVS

27 gennuary 98 to 9 august .
parents:Cocceius Nerva and Sergia Plautilla