Klauber (German engravers)

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Jesuitenkirche, Mannheim by Klauber brothers, 1753

The Klauber family were engravers and fine art publishers from Augsburg, Germany. Two of the sons of ancestor Franz Christoph Klauber established a catholic fine art publishing company by 1737, together with Gottfried Bernhard Göz (1708-1774), who ran the[?] enterprise on his own by 1742. Anyways, Klauber brothers stayed as a kind of trade mark until the end of the century, and longer:

  • Joseph (Joseph Sebastian) Klauber (1710–1768), engraver.
    He was first a disciple of one Melchior Rein, later of Anton Birkhardt at Prague.
  • Johann Baptist Klauber (1712 until around 1787), engraver.
    Both brothers were Hofkupferstecher [engravers of the court] der Kurfürsten von Trier and produced mainly images of saints in a factory-like way. In 1757, a picture bible of 100 engravings was produced.[1]
  • Joachim Klauber († 1791), a priest, their brother, a monk in Scheyern abbey.
    • Franz Xaver Klauber (* 1741, son of Johann Baptist), engraver
      "who studied in Rome for a considerable time".
    • Ignaz Sebastian Klauber (* January 2, 1753, Augsburg; † May 25, 1817, St. Petersburg; son of Johann Baptist)[2] was the most renowned member of his family. He first studied with his father, then went to Rome, then to Paris to study with Johann Georg Wille. He was accepted at the Paris Academy and became Graveur du Roi soon later, but went back to Augsburg during French Revolution, moved on to Nuremberg and finally, in 1796, to St. Petersburg, where he became engraver of the court and director of the Academy of Engravers. He very probably died in St. Petersburg.
    • One Katharina Klauber, engraver.
      No precise details; there are sources which call her a pseudonyme of Ignaz Sebastian.[3]

Bibliography[edit]

  • (DE) Thieme-Becker: Allgemeines Lexikon der Bildenden Künstler von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart (37 volumes, appeared from 1907-1950) vol. 20 (1927), p. 411
  • (DE) Gläsener, Esther: Die Kupferstiche der Gebrüder Klauber zum Katechismus des Petrus Canisius. 1985 ZIKG Nr. D-Kl 17/34 R

References and external links[edit]

  1. Biblische Geschichten des Alten und Neuen Testaments, Augsburg 1748; digitized copy click on 'Grabados'
  2. (DE) says "1753-1817", as does "Neue Deutsche Biographie".
    Its precursor, Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie Bd. 16 S. 62 gives "1754-1820".
  3. ... Chatarina Klauber, pseudonimo dell'artista russo Ignaz Sebastian Klauber