Krafla (volcanic system)

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Internationalization
Deutsch: Das Vulkansystem der de:Krafla Krafla, in dem die letzten Ausbrüche 1984 stattfanden, liegt im Nordosten von Island. Der dazugehörige Zentralvulkan befindet sich beim See Mývatn. Das Vulkansystem hat eine Länge von eines ca. 100 km.
English: Krafla is located in the northeast of Iceland near the lake Mývatn. It is a 100 km long volcanic system which reaches northwards into the fjord Öxarfjörður. The last volcanic eruptions in the system took place in 1984. Krafla is also the name of the central volcano in form of a caldera to the northeast of the village of Reykjahlíð and of the highest mountain at its rim.
Français : The volcanic system du Krafla se trouve dans le nord-est de l'Islande près du lac Mývatn et s'étend jusque dans le fjord Öxarfjörður. Les dernières éruptions dans ce système volcanique eurent lieu en 1984. Le volcan central du même nom se trouve dans la partie sud du système près du Mývatn.
Íslenska: Krafla er eldfjallakerfi á Norðurlandi. Í megineldstöðinni nálægt Mývatni er sigketill eða askja sem er 10 km í þvermál. Á Kröflusvæðinu eru háhitasvæði með leirhverum og gufuhverum, t.d. við Námafjall eða Leirhnjúk.


Maps[edit]

The central volcano: Krafla caldera[edit]

Krafla caldera[edit]

Víti crater[edit]

Leirhnjúkur[edit]

The volcano Leirhnjúkur was last active during the Krafla Fires in the 1970s and 1980s.

Hlíðarfjall[edit]

Hlíðarfjall is a hyaloclastic ridge near the western caldera rim.

Jörundur[edit]

Jörundur is a hyaloclastic ridge near the eastern caldera rim.

Around the lake Mývatn[edit]

Many volcanic features in connection with the Krafla volcanic system are to be found in and around the lake Mývatn.

Vindbelgjarfjall[edit]

Vindbelgjarfjall is a volcanic cone of subglacial origin.

Rootless cones of Skútustaðir[edit]

The rootless cones don't have a direct magma feeder.

Dimmuborgir[edit]

Dimmuborgir, a former lava lake

Hverfjall[edit]

The volcano Hverfjall is a tuff ring.

Grjótagjá[edit]

The volcano-tectonic fissure Grjótagjá contains caves filled with hot water.

Jarðbaðshólar and the Mývatn Natural Bath[edit]

Námafjall and Hverarönd[edit]

The rhyolitic lava dome Námafjall and its high temperature area Hverarönd

Geothermal power plants[edit]

Two geothermal power plants are situated within the Krafla volcanic system.

Bjarnarflag[edit]

The geothermal power plant of Bjarnarflag is situated not far from Mývatn and the village of Reykjahlíð.

Krafla Geothermal Power Plant[edit]

The Krafla Geothermal Power Plant is located direct south of the caldera rim