Module:Languages

From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository
Jump to: navigation, search
--[=[
Not globally exposed. Internal function only.
 
language_subpages( frame, transform, options )
Parameters
    frame:     The frame that was passed to the method invoked. The first argument or the page argument will be respected.
    transform: A transform function. Example: function( basepagename, subpagename, code, langname ) end
    options:   An object with options. Example: { abort= { on=function() end, time=0.8 }  }
        Following options are available:
        abort: Aborts iterating over the subpages if one of the conditions is met. If the process is aborted, nil is returned!
            on: Function to be called if an abort-condition was met.
            cycles: The maximum number of subpages to run over.
            time: Maximum time to spend running over the subpages.
 
]=]
function language_subpages( frame, transform, options )
    local args, pargs, options = frame.args, ( frame:getParent() or {} ).args or {}, options or {};
    local title = args.page or args[1] or pargs.page or pargs[1] or "";
    local abort = options.abort or {};
    local at, clock = type( abort.on ), os.clock();
    local ac = function()
        if  at == 'function' or ( at == 'table' and getmetatable(abort.on).__call ) then
            abort.on();
        end
    end
    local tt = type( transform );
    local page = require( 'Module:Page' );
 
    title = page.clean(title);
 
    if tt == 'function' or ( tt == 'table' and getmetatable(transform).__call ) then
        local fetch, pages, langcode, langname = mw.language.fetchLanguageName, {};
--[==[
 
     / \
    / | \
   /  ·  \
   ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯
   Page.subpages() no longer works because it attempted to parse the HTML content generated by
   calling the parser function "Special:Prefixindex:" which is no longer expanded in Lua but
   converted to a "stripped tag" (containing a unique identifier surrounded by ASCII DEL characters)
   representing the tag name and its parameters.
   The actual expansion of stripped tags can no longer be performed in Lua.
   Now unstripping these tags just kills ALL these tags (except "wiki" tags) instead of performing
   their expansion by running the extension code. Only MediaWiki can unstrip these tags in texts after
   they have been returned by Lua.
   For this reason, page.subpages() is now completely empty (Module:Page no longer works).
   This cannot be bypassed, except by using a Scribunto extension library if lifting the limits set by mw.unstrip.
   Note that "Special:Prefixindex:" is also costly, even if it just requires a single database query to
   get all subpages, instead of one costly #ifexist or one costly mw.title() property reading per
   tested subpage to know if it exists.
   For now there's still no reliable way to get a list of subpages, or performing queries similar to
   the [[Special:Prefixindex]] page or list members of a category like when viewing a category page.
   Ideally, there should exist a method for such queries on Title objects returned by the mw.title library;
   but for now there's none.
   In Lua now, the only expansion possible with an immediate effect is the expansion of standard templates,
   all special tags or special pages, or parser function extensions do not work (Only the #expr parser
   function is supported by using an external Scribunto library).
--]==]
        for pg in page.subpages( title, { ignoreNS=true } ) do
            if abort.cycles then
                abort.cycles = abort.cycles - 1
                if 0 == abort.cycles then return ac()  end
            end
            if abort.time then
                if (os.clock() - clock) > abort.time then return ac()  end
            end
            if mw.ustring.len( pg ) <= 12 then
                langcode = string.lower( pg );
                langname = fetch( langcode );
                if langname ~= '' then
                    table.insert( pages, transform( title, pg, langcode, langname ) );
                end
            end
        end
        return pages;
    end
    return {};
end
 
function cloneArgs(frame)
    local args, pargs = {}, {}
    for k,v in pairs( frame.args ) do args[k] = v end
    if frame:getParent() then
        for k,v in pairs( frame:getParent().args ) do pargs[k] = v end
    end
    return args, pargs;
end
 
 
 
local p = {};
 
--[=[
Usage:
{{#invoke:languages|internal|Template:Adjective}}
]=]
function p.internal(frame)
    pages = language_subpages( frame, function( title, page, code, name )
        return mw.ustring.format( '<span lang="%s" xml:lang="%s" class="language lang-%s"><bdi>[[%s/%s|%s]]</bdi></span>',
            code, code, code, title, page, name
        );
    end);
    return table.concat( pages, '&nbsp;·&nbsp;' );
end
 
--[=[
Usage:
{{#invoke:languages|external|Template:Adjective}}
]=]
function p.external(frame)
    pages = language_subpages( frame, function( title, page, code, name )
        return mw.ustring.format( '<span lang="%s" xml:lang="%s" class="language lang-%s"><bdi>[%s/%s %s]</bdi></span>',
            code, code, code, tostring( mw.uri.fullUrl( title ) ), page:gsub( ' ', '_' ), name
        );
    end);
    return table.concat( pages, '&nbsp;| ' );
end
 
--[=[
forEachLanguage
 
This function iterates over all language codes known to MediaWiki based on a maintained list
replacing patterns in a pattern-string for each language
 
Usage:
{{#invoke:Languages|forEachLanguage
  |pattern=patternstring
  |before=string to insert before iteration
  |after=string added after iteration
  |sep=separator string between iterations
  |inLang=langcode used for $lnTrP and $lnTrUC1
}}
 
Parameters
    pattern: A pattern string which is processed for each language and which is concatenated at the end and returned as one string
    before: A string that is inserted before the concatenated result
    after: A string that is inserted after the concatenated result
    sep: A string that is inserted between each line created from the pattern while iterating (like ProcessedPattern_sep_ProcessedPattern_sep_ProcessedPattern)
    inLang: Langcode to use for $lnTrP and $lnTrUC1
 
Patterns:
    $lc - language code such as en or de
    $lnP - language name in own language (autonym)
    $lnUC1 - language name in own language (autonym), first letter upper case
    $lnTrP - language name translated to the language requested by language code passed to inLang
    $lnTrUC1 - language name translated to the language requested by language code passed to inLang, first letter upper case
 
Example
   {{#invoke:Languages|forEachLanguage|pattern=<span lang="$lc" xml:lang="$lc" class="language lang-$lc">[[Page/$lc|$lnP]]</span>}}
]=]
 
-- =p.forEachLanguage({ args= { pattern = "$lc - $lnTrP\n", inLang = "en" } })
function p.forEachLanguage(frame)
    local l = require( "Module:Languages/List" )
 
    local ret = {}
    local lang    = mw.language
    local line
    local pattern = frame.args.pattern   or frame.args[1] or ""
    local prefix  = frame.args.before    or frame.args[2] or ""
    local postfix = frame.args.after     or frame.args[3] or ""
    local sep     = frame.args.sep       or frame.args.separator or frame.args[4] or ""
    local inLang  = frame.args.inLang    or frame.args[5] or nil
 
    local langNameUCFirstReq           = not not pattern:find( "$lnUC1", 1, true )
    local langNameReq                  = not not pattern:find( "$lnP", 1, true ) or langNameUCFirstReq
    local langNameTranslatedUCFirstReq = not not pattern:find( "$lnTrUC1", 1, true )
    local langNameTranslatedReq        = not not pattern:find( "$lnTrP", 1, true ) or langNameTranslatedUCFirstReq
    local contentLangInstance = mw.language.getContentLanguage()
    local inLangLangInstance
    local l = mw.language.fetchLanguageNames() -- autonyms
    local lTr
    local lcIdList = require( 'Module:Languages/List' ).getSortedList( l )
 
    if langNameTranslatedReq then
        inLangLangInstance = --[==[
            mw.getLanguage( inLang ) -- Quota hit in :ucfirst() if using too many langInstances
            --]==] contentLangInstance
        lTr = mw.language.fetchLanguageNames( inLang ) -- translated names
    end
 
    for _, lcId in pairs( lcIdList ) do
        local subst = lcId:gsub('%%', '%%%%')
        line = pattern:gsub( "%$lc", subst )
        local langName, langInstance
        -- autonym (name of lcId in locale lcId)
        if langNameReq then
            langName = l[lcId]
            subst = langName:gsub('%%', '%%%%')
            line = line:gsub( "%$lnP", subst )
        end
        if langNameUCFirstReq then
            langInstance = --[==[
                mw.getLanguage( lcId ) -- Quota hit in :ucfirst() if using too many langInstances
                --]==] contentLangInstance
            langName = langInstance:ucfirst( langName )
            subst = langName:gsub('%%', '%%%%')
            line = line:gsub( "%$lnUC1", subst )
        end
 
        -- translated name (name of lcId in locale inLang)
        if langNameTranslatedReq then
            langName = lTr[lcId]
            subst = langName:gsub('%%', '%%%%')
            line = line:gsub( "%$lnTrP", subst )
        end
        if langNameTranslatedUCFirstReq then
            langName = inLangLangInstance:ucfirst( langName )
            subst = langName:gsub('%%', '%%%%')
            line = line:gsub( "%$lnTrUC1", subst )
        end
 
        table.insert(ret, line)
    end
    return prefix .. table.concat( ret, sep ) .. postfix
end
 
--[=[
 Provide logic for [[Template:Lle]] (Language Links external, to be substituted)
]=]
function p.lle(frame)
    local ret
    local pattern = "{{<includeonly/>subst:#ifexist:{{{1}}}/$lc|[{{fullurl:{{{1}}}/$lc}} $lnUC1]&nbsp;{{<includeonly/>subst:!}} <!--\n-->}}"
    ret = p.forEachLanguage({ args= { pattern = pattern } })
    ret = frame:preprocess(ret)
    return ret
end
 
--[=[
 Provide logic for [[Template:Ll]] (Language Links, to be substituted)
]=]
function p.ll(frame)
    local ret
    local pattern = "{{<includeonly/>subst:#ifexist:{{{1}}}/$lc|[[{{{1}}}/$lc{{<includeonly/>subst:!}}$lnUC1]]&nbsp;{{<includeonly/>subst:!}} <!--\n-->}}"
    ret = p.forEachLanguage({ args= { pattern = pattern } })
    ret = frame:preprocess(ret)
    return ret
end
 
 
--------------------------------------------------------
--- Different approaches for [[Template:Lang links]] ---
--------------------------------------------------------
 
--[=[
 Provide logic for [[Template:Lang links]]
 Using a cute Hybrid-Method:
    First check the subpages which is quite fast; if there are too many fall back to checking for each language page individually
]=]
 
-- =p.langLinksNonExpensive({ args= { page='Commons:Picture of the Year/2010' }, getParent=function() end })
-- =p.langLinksNonExpensive({ args= { page='Main Page' }, getParent=function() end })
-- =p.langLinksNonExpensive({ args= { page='Template:No_source_since' }, getParent=function() end })
-- =p.langLinksNonExpensive({ args= { page='MediaWiki:Gadget-HotCat' }, getParent=function() end })
function p.langLinksNonExpensive(frame)
    local args, pargs = frame.args, ( frame:getParent() or {} ).args or {};
    local title = args.page or args[1] or pargs.page or pargs[1] or "";
    local contentLangInstance = mw.language.getContentLanguage();
    local pages2
    if frame.preprocess == nil then
        frame = mw.getCurrentFrame()
    end
    --[==[
    local options = { abort= { time=3.5, on=function()
            pages2 = p.forEachLanguage({ args= { pattern = '{{#ifexist:' .. title .. '/$lc|[[' .. title .. '/$lc|$lnUC1]]&nbsp;&#124;&#32;}}' } })
        end } }
    local pages = language_subpages( frame, function( basepagename, subpagename, code, langname )
        return mw.ustring.format( '<span lang="%s" xml:lang="%s" class="language lang-%s" style="white-space:nowrap"><bdi>[[%s/%s|%s]]</bdi></span>&nbsp;| ',
            code, code, code, basepagename, subpagename, contentLangInstance:ucfirst( langname ) )
    end, options );
    return pages2 and frame:preprocess(pages2) or table.concat(  pages, '' );
    ]==]
    return frame:preprocess( p.forEachLanguage({ args= { pattern = '{{#ifexist:' .. title .. '/$lc|[[' .. title .. '/$lc|$lnUC1]]&nbsp;&#124;&#32;}}' } }) )
end
 
---------------------------------------------------------
----------------- [[Template:Autolang]] -----------------
---------------------------------------------------------
--[[
  Works like {{autotranslate}} just allowing an unlimited number of arguments, even named arguments.
  It's doing Magic! No arguments should be passed to {{#invoke:}}
]]
 
function p.autolang(frame)
    local args, pargs = cloneArgs( frame )
    if nil == args.useargs then
        if not args.base then args = pargs end
    elseif 'both' == args.useargs then
        for k,v in pairs(args) do pargs[k] = v end
        args = pargs
    elseif 'parent' == args.useargs then
        args = pargs
        if pargs.base and not args.base then
            args.base = pargs.base
        end
    end
    local base = args.base
    local userlang = frame:preprocess( '{{int:lang}}' )
    local tl, tlns = 'Template:', 10
    local tlb, fallback1, currenttemplate
    local fallback, contentlang = mw.text.split( userlang, '-', true )[1], mw.language.getContentLanguage():getCode()
 
    local createReturn = function(title)
        local ret
        local tlargs = {}
         -- When LUA is invoked, templates are already expanded. This must be respected.
        return frame:expandTemplate{ title = title, args = args }
    end
 
    if not base then
        return ("'autolang' in [[Module:Languages]] was called but the 'base' parameter could not be found." ..
            "The base parameter specifies the template that's subpages will be sought for a suitable translation.")
    end
    tlb = tl .. base .. '/'
 
    currenttemplate = tlb .. userlang
    local ok, exists = pcall( function()
        return mw.title.new( currenttemplate, tlns ).exists
    end )
    if ok and exists then
        return createReturn(currenttemplate)
    end
 
    fallback1 = frame:preprocess( '{{Fallback|1=' .. base .. '|2=' .. userlang .. '}}' )
    if fallback1 ~= contentlang then
        return createReturn(tlb .. fallback1)
    end
 
    currenttemplate = tlb .. fallback
    local ok, exists = pcall( function()
        return mw.title.new( currenttemplate, tlns ).exists
    end )
    if ok and exists then
        return createReturn(currenttemplate)
    end
 
    currenttemplate = tlb .. contentlang
    local ok, exists = pcall( function()
        return mw.title.new( currenttemplate, tlns ).exists
    end )
    if ok and exists then
        return createReturn(currenttemplate)
    end
    return createReturn(tl .. base)
end
 
--[=[
Usage:
{{#invoke:languages|isKnownLanguageTag|gsw}} -> 1
{{#invoke:languages|isKnownLanguageTag|doesNotExist}} ->
]=]
function p.isKnownLanguageTag(frame)
    return mw.language.isKnownLanguageTag( frame.args[1] or frame.args.tag or frame.args.code or '' ) and '1' or ''
end
 
function p.file_languages(frame)
    local M_link = require( 'Module:Link' )
    local contentLangInstance = mw.language.getContentLanguage()
    local pattern = frame.args.pattern or '%s (%s)'
    local original = frame.args.original or mw.title.getCurrentTitle().text
    local ext_start, _ = string.find( original, '\.%w+$' )
    local file_ext = string.sub( original, ext_start )
    original = string.sub( original, 0, ext_start-1 )
    return frame:preprocess('<gallery>\n'..(table.concat(M_link.forEachLink( p.forEachLanguage( { args= { pattern = '[[$lc]]' } } ),
        function(linkInfo)
            local filename = mw.ustring.format( pattern, original, linkInfo.text ) .. file_ext
            local ok, exists = pcall( function()
                return mw.title.new( filename, 6 ).exists
            end )
            if ok and exists then
                return mw.ustring.format( '%s|%s', filename, contentLangInstance:ucfirst( mw.language.fetchLanguageName( linkInfo.text ) ) )
            else
                return nil
            end
        end
    ), '\n'))..'\n</gallery>')
end
 
function p.runTests()
    return p.langLinksNonExpensive({ args= { page='Module:Languages/testcases/test' }, getParent=function() end }) == "[[Module:Languages/testcases/test/de|Deutsch]]&nbsp;&#124;&#32;[[Module:Languages/testcases/test/en|English]]&nbsp;&#124;&#32;"
end
 
return p;