Rosa Louise McCauley Parks (February 4, 1913 – October 24, 2005) was an African American civil rights activist whom the Congress of the United States dubbed the "Mother of the Modern-Day American Civil Rights Movement".
Parks is famous for her refusal on December 1, 1955 to obey a bus driver's demand that she give up her seat to a white passenger. Her subsequent arrest and trial for this act of civil disobedience ignited the Montgomery Bus Boycott, one of the largest and most successful mass movements against racial segregation in history, and launched Martin Luther King, Jr., one of the organizers of the boycott, to the forefront of the civil rights movement. Her role in American history earned her an iconic status in American culture, and her actions have left an enduring legacy for civil rights movements worldwide.
- en:Image:Rosaparks.jpg Rosa Parks in 1955 (with Martin Luther King, Jr. in the background.)
- en:Image:Rosaparksarrested.jpeg Deputy Sheriff D.H. Lackey fingerprints Parks on February 22, 1956 during the bus boycott arrests.
- en:Image:Rosaparks bus.jpg Rosa Parks sits in the front of a bus in Montgomery, Alabama, in 1956 after the U.S. Supreme Court ruled segregation illegal on the city's bus system. Behind Parks is Nicholas C. Chriss, a UPI reporter covering the event.
- en:Image:Rosaparks 1964.jpg Rosa Parks in 1964
- en:Image:AdvertiserParksDies.jpg The cover page of October 25, 2005, edition of The Montgomery Advertiser after Rosa Parks' death.