Salamandra salamandra

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DomainEukaryota • RegnumAnimalia • PhylumChordata • SubphylumVertebrata • InfraphylumGnathostomata • SuperclassisTetrapoda • ClassisAmphibia • SubclassisLissamphibia • OrdoCaudata • SubordoSalamandroidea • FamiliaSalamandridae • GenusSalamandra • Species: Salamandra salamandra (Linnaeus, 1758)
 Vernacular names
  • EnglishFire Salamander
  • العربية: سمندر ناري
  • български: Дъждовник
  • brezhoneg: Sourd boutin
  • català: Salamandra comuna
  • čeština: Mlok skvrnitý
  • Deutsch: Feuersalamander
  • español: Salamandra común
  • euskara: Arrabio
  • suomi: Tulisalamanteri
  • français: Salamandre tachetée
  • galego: Píntega común
  • עברית: סלמנדרה כתומה
  • hrvatski: Pjegavi daždevnjak
  • magyar: Foltos szalamandra
  • 日本語: ファイアサラマンダー
  • lietuvių: Ugninė salamandra
  • монгол: Галт саламандр
  • Plattdüütsch: Eerdpüüster
  • Nederlands: Vuursalamander
  • norsk bokmål: Ildsalamander
  • polski: Salamandra plamista
  • português: Salamandra-de-fogo
  • русский: Огненная саламандра
  • slovenčina: Salamandra škvrnitá
  • slovenščina: Navadni močerad
  • српски / srpski: Шарени даждевњак
  • svenska: Eldsalamander
  • ไทย: ซาลาแมนเดอร์ไฟ
  • Türkçe: Lekeli Semender
  • українська: Вогняна саламандра
  • vèneto: Bissa de la pioa
  • West-Vlams: Viersalamander
  • walon: Rogne
  • 中文: 火蠑螈

Studio[edit]

In Vivo[edit]

Subspecies - Varietas - Forma[edit]

red-orange form[edit]

Larvae[edit]

Others[edit]

Distribution[edit]

Salamanders may actively defend themselves once they are grasped by a predator. Besides various antipredator postures S. salamandra adults are able to extrude heavy toxic skin secretions, e.g. the neurotoxic alkaloid Samandarin.

This alkaloid causes strong muscle convulsions and high-blood pressure combined with hyperventilation in all vertebrates.

Videos[edit]


Fire Salamander lokomotion.jpg Fire salamander in action [1]

See also