Union Army corps insignia

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Civil War Corps Badges

Corps badges were originally worn by Union soldiers on the top of their army forage cap (kepi), left side of the hat, or over their left breast. The idea is attributed to Gen. Philip Kearny who ordered the men in his sew a two-inch square of red cloth on their hats to avoid confusion on the battlefield. This idea was adopted by Gen. Joseph Hooker after he assumed command of the Army of the Potomac, so any soldier could be identified at a distance.

Gen. Daniel Butterfield the task of designing a distinctive shape of badge for each corps. Butterfield also designed a badge of each division in the corps a different color.

The badges for enlisted men were cut from colored material, while officer’s badges were privately made and of a higher quality. Metallic badges were often made by jewelers and were personalized for the user. The badges eventually became part of the army regulations and a great source of regimental pride.

Division badges were colored as follows:

  1. Red - First Division of Corps
  2. White - Second Division of Corps
  3. Blue - Third Division of Corps
  4. Green - Fourth Division of 6th, 9th and 20th Corps
  5. Yellow - Fourth Division of 15th Corps
  6. Multicolor - Headquarter or Artillery Elements (certain Corps)
Table of contents
I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X XI XII XIV XV XVI XVII XVIII

XIX XX XXI XXII XXIII XXIV XXV Cavalry Corps


Corps Badges[edit]

Corps Flags[edit]

I Corps, Army of the Potomac[edit]

II Corps, Army of the Potomac[edit]

III Corps, Army of the Potomac[edit]

IV Corps, Army of the Potomac[edit]

V Corps, Army of the Potomac[edit]

VI Corps, Army of the Potomac[edit]

VII Corps, Dept of Arkansas[edit]

VIII Corps, Middle Department[edit]

IX Corps, Army of the Potomac[edit]

X Corps, Department of South[edit]

XI Corps, Army of the Potomac[edit]

XII Corps, Army of the Potomac[edit]

XIII Corps[edit]

No badge was designated for the XIII Corps.

XIV Corps, Army of the Cumberland[edit]

XV Corps, Army of the Tennessee[edit]

XVI Corps, Military Division of West Mississippi[edit]

XVII Corps, Army of the James[edit]

XVIII Corps, Army of the James[edit]

XIX Corps, Middle Military Division[edit]

XX Corps, Army of the Cumberland[edit]

XXI Corps[edit]

XXII Corps, Dept of Washington[edit]

XXIII Corps, Dept of Ohio & Dept of North Carolina[edit]

XXIV Corps, Dept of Virginia[edit]

XXV Corps, Army of the James, Dept of Texas[edit]

Cavalry Corps[edit]

Brigade Badges[edit]

I Corps, Army of the Potomac

See also[edit]

External links[edit]