Erdély a mai Románia nyugati és középső részén fekvő történelmi régió.
Transylvania - Transylvania is a historical region in present-day esetern and central Romania. Since after World War I, Transylvania often refers to all territories that were part of Hungary before 1920, that is, including Crişana, Maramureş, and Banat besides Transylvania proper. This article deals with all these territories. The population of Transylvania has an overall Romanian majority of 75% and has a large, 20% Hungarian community who constitute the majority in Székely Land (Szekler Land) in the East and along the border to Hungary in the West.
In its early history, the area belonged to a variety of empires and states, including Dacia, the Roman Empire, the Hun Empire and the Gepid Kingdom. In the early 11th century, Transylvania became part of Hungary. It became a semi-independent principality during the Ottoman conquest in Hungary, was later reunified with Hungary and after World War I, it was attached to Romania in 1920 along with other historical regions. Northern Transylvania briefly reunified with Hungary between 1940-1944.
Historical region in Romania
No capital (the largest city, cultural and economy center is Cluj-Napoca)
The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.