Amino acid

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aminoácido; Amínósýra; asid amino; Asidong amino; amino acid; trenken amino; Аминокиселина; Aminoacid; امائنو ایسڈ; Амінакіслоты; ಅಮಿನೊ ಆಮ್ಲ; aminokyselina; Asid amine; Aminoacid; Aminosýra; Аминокислота; Asîda amînî; aminosivra; 아미노산; এমিন’ এছিড; aminoacido; Амино киселина; aminokiselina; Aminokiselina; অ্যামিনো অ্যাসিড; acide aminé; Asam amino; اسيد امينو; Aminosäuren; aminoàcid; Амин хүчил; אמינא-זייערס; अमिनो आम्ल; Aminozoer; axit amin; aminokwas; Aminoskābes; Aminosuur; аминокиселина; Asam amino; Аминқышқылдар; aminoácido; amino acid; Aminosaier; aminosyre; aminosyre; Aminturşular; Asîda amînî; اسید آمینه; 氨基酸; aminosuvrâ; amino acid; حمض أميني; An-ki-sng; امینو ایسڈ; aminokyselina; 氨基酸; aminosav; Asam amino; aminosyra; aminoazido; ఎమైనో ఆమ్లాలు; Aminoácidu; آمین تورشو; Аминокислоталар; Asid amino; Aminuacid; aimínaigéad; ամինաթթու; 氨基酸; aminosyre; ამინომჟავები; アミノ酸; Aminoacido; Ôn-kî-sôn; Amino acid; Amino Acid; ඇමයිනෝ අම්ල; acidum aminicum; Aminoacidet; អាស៊ីតអាមីនេ; 氨基酸; ਅਮੀਨੋ ਤਿਜ਼ਾਬ; Aminosüren; aminoasida; aminohapp; அமினோ அமிலம்; amminoacido; Amino asit; Aminozuur; amino-aside; амінакісьлі; амінокислота; Aminokislotalar; aminohapped; Амин кычкылдыктары; Amino acids; aminohapot; aminoácido; अमीनो अम्ल; Aminoasido; חומצת אמינו; Aminorūgštys; aminokislina; Asidong amino; Aminosäuren; аминокислота; กรดอะมิโน; Amino asidi; അമിനോ അമ്ലം; aminozuur; امينو اسيد; aminokiselina; amin-acido; Aminosüüren; Aminoácido; ترشە ئەمینی; αμινοξέα; ଆମିନୋ ଏସିଡ଼; molécula orgánica con un grupo amino (-NH2) y un grupo carboxilo (-COOH ) unidos a un carbono central; গুরুত্বপূর্ণ জৈবপদার্থ; classe de composés chimiques; klas konpoze chimik; кляс арганічных злучэньняў; Egitura molekularra karboxilo (−COOH) eta amino (−NH2) taldeez eratua duen molekula organikoa. Hainbat mota daude eta horietako batzuk proteinen oinarrizko osagaiak dira; molécula que contén simultaneamente grupos funcionais amino e ácido carboxílico; osnovni gradnik beljakovin; molècula orgànica; अमाईन आणि कार्बोक्झिलिक गट असलेले सेंद्रिय संयुगे; Klasse organischer Verbindungen, Bausteine von Proteinen; biomolécula formada por carbono, oxigênio, hidrogênio e nitrogênio; Hợp chất hữu cơ chứa nhóm chức amin và carboxylic; kemiska föreningar som innehåller en amingrupp och karboxylgrupp; 生物學上重要的有機化合物; Asîdên amînî yekeya (monomer) proteînan ê.; Proteinlerin temel yapı taşı; 有機化合物の一種; orgaanisten yhdisteiden ryhmä, joista proteiinit muodostuvat, ja joiksi proteiinit ihmisen aineenvaihdunnassa pilkkoutuvat; kemiske forbindelser der indeholder en amin og en carboxylgruppe; trieda organických zlúčenín; każdy związek organiczny, w którym występuje grupa aminowa i grupa karboksylowa (bądź szerzej: dowolna grupa kwasowa); група органічних сполук; molecola organica costituita da un gruppo amminico, un gruppo carbossilico e una catena laterale variabile; קלאס פון ארגאנישע פארבינדונגען; Yekeya proteînan. 20 cure asîda amînî heye; תרכובת אורגנית המהווה מרכיב חשוב בחלבונים; 아미노기와 카복실기를 가지고 있는 유기 화합물; organic compound containing both amino and acidic functional groups, important in biology; الأحماض المسؤولة عن بناء البروتين; třída organických sloučenin; Кислоты состоящие из карбоксильных молекул и аминов; aminoacido; Aminoacido; 胺基酸; aminosyror; aminokwasy; амінокислоти; حمض أميني أليفاتي; الأحماض الأمينية الاليفاتية; حمض اميني أليفاتي; аминокислоты; tirşeya amînî; AK; AMK; axít amin; ଆମିନୋ ଏସିଡ; ամինաթթուներ; aminohaapp; Tirşeya amînî
amino acid 
organic compound containing both amino and acidic functional groups, important in biology
Molecular structures of the 21 proteinogenic amino acids.svg
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Instance of
  • structural class of chemical compounds
Subclass of
Part of
  • response to amino acid (reactant)
  • cellular response to amino acid stimulus (reactant)
  • vacuolar amino acid transmembrane transport (cargo)
  • amino acid transmembrane transport (cargo)
  • amino acid:proton symporter activity (cargo)
  • amino acid:sodium symporter activity (cargo)
  • amino acid:cation symporter activity (cargo)
  • amino acid transport (cargo)
  • amino acid transmembrane transporter activity (cargo)
  • ABC-type amino acid transporter activity (cargo)
  • amino acid:potassium symporter activity (cargo)
  • amino acid export across plasma membrane (cargo)
  • amino acid transmembrane export from vacuole (cargo)
  • amino acid transmembrane import into vacuole (cargo)
  • neutral amino acid transmembrane export from vacuole (cargo)
  • basic amino acid transmembrane import into vacuole (cargo)
  • neutral amino acid transmembrane import into vacuole (cargo)
  • amino acid import (cargo)
  • amino acid neurotransmitter reuptake (cargo)
  • amino acid import across plasma membrane (cargo)
  • amino acid homeostasis (process variable)
  • amino acid binding (reactant)
  • amino acid sensor activity (reactant)
  • amino acid:monoatomic cation antiporter activity (reactant)
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Wikidata Q8066
GND ID: 4142205-3
Library of Congress authority ID: sh85004486
Bibliothèque nationale de France ID: 11944322s
NDL Authority ID: 00560236
BNCF Thesaurus ID: 49
NKCR AUT ID: ph117172
BabelNet ID: 14962270n
National Library of Israel J9U ID: 987007293901505171
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Amino acids (/-iːnəʊ'æs.ɪd/, or /iỡopi'αe.'rɔ.eɒ/) are small organic molecules that are the basic unit of proteins. Other types of amino acid exist when the amino group is attached to a different carbon atom; for example, in gamma-amino acids (such as gamma-amino-butyric acid) the carbon atom to which the amino group attaches is separated from the carboxylate group by two other carbon atoms.

Diagrams[edit]