Barbados is an independent island nation located in the western Atlantic Ocean, just to the east of the Caribbean Sea, found at roughly 13° north of the Equator and 59° west of the Prime Meridian. Located relatively close to South America, the nation of Barbados is around 434 kilometres (270 mi) northeast of the South American nation of Venezuela. The closest island neighbours to Barbados are ► Martinique to the northwest, ► Saint Lucia and ► Saint Vincent and the Grenadines to the west, ► Trinidad and Tobago to the south, and ► Grenada to the south-west. Barbados is part of Lesser Antilles.
This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day Barbados, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day Barbados.
Barbados, discovered by Spain around 1500 and shortly settled by Spanish colonists, is settled in 1627 by English colonists. At that time the islands are uninhabited. Barbados becomes a self-funding colony under uninterrupted British rule. Nevertheless, Barbados always enjoys a large measure of local autonomy. From 1833 to 1885 it is part of the Windward Islands. In 1958 the island becomes a territory of the British West Indies. After the dissolution of the British West Indies in 1962, Barbados becomes a separate dependency again. In 1966 Barbados becomes independent as a parliamentary democratic monarchy.
This section holds copies of original general maps older than 70 years of this entry.
The Island of Barbadoes. Divided into its Parishes, by Hermann Moll, 1736
Barbados from Thomson's New General Atlas, 1817
Notes and references
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