Bougainville - Province of Bougainville The island and province Bougainville is part of ► Papua New Guinea and is the largest of the ► Solomon Islands group. Its capital is Arawa. Bougainville, the adjacent island of Buka, and assorted outlying islands including the Carterets are sometimes known as North Solomons. Together they make up the Papua New Guinean province of that name. The population is 249,358 (2011 census).
The island is ecologically and geographically, although not politically, part of the Solomon Islands. Buka, Bougainville, and most of the Solomons are part of the Solomon Islands rain forests ecoregion.
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