The Chagos Archipelago lies roughly in the middle of the Indian Ocean, halfway between Africa and Indonesia, and 1,500 kilometres (930 mi) south of India, near the ► Seychelles and the ► Maldives. It is governed as the British Indian Ocean Territory, but Britain's ownership is disputed by its former inhabitants and by ► Mauritius. The territory comprises the six atolls of the Chagos Archipelago with over 1,000 individual islands. The largest island is Diego Garcia, the site of a joint military facility of the United Kingdom and the ► United States. The native Ilois now live in ► Mauritius, which claims the islands as a sovereign territory.
British Indian Ocean Territory
British overseas territory, British since 1815
3,500 (native), none of which are resident inhabitants
This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day the British Indian Ocean Territory, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day the British Indian Ocean Territory.
The United Kingdom established the British Indian Ocean Territory in 1965 out of the Chagos Islands, part of Mauritius, and parts of the Seychelles. The former parts of the Seychelles are returned to Seychelles in 1976. The territory doesn't have self-government.
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