La República de Colombia es un Estado Social de Derecho, organizado en forma de República unitaria, descentralizada, con autonomía de sus entidades territoriales, democrática, participativa y pluralista. El territorio sobre el que Colombia ejerce soberanía se encuentra localizado en la zona noroccidental de América del Sur, es el único país en Sudamérica con costas en los océanos Pacífico y Atlántico, a través del Mar Caribe, asimismo, tiene soberanía sobre un tramo del río Amazonas en el trapecio amazónico, por lo que se le ha llamado "Patria de Tres Mares". Su nombre oficial es República de Colombia y su capital es Bogotá. Colombia limita continentalmente con Venezuela al este, Brasil al sudeste, Perú y Ecuador al sur, y Panamá al noroeste.
The Republic of Colombia is the northwesternmost country of South America. Colombia is bordered to the east by ► Venezuela and ► Brazil; to the south by ► Ecuador and ► Peru; to the North by the Atlantic Ocean, through the Caribbean Sea; and to the west by ► Panama and the Pacific Ocean. Colombia is also the only country in South America that borders both the Atlantic and the Pacific Ocean
This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day Colombia, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day Colombia.
Changes in the borders of Colombia since independence to the present day, according to the historiography of the country.
Map of the different accents that can be found within the Spanish language in Colombia.
Notes and references
The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.