L'Union des Comores est un pays indépendant de l'archipel des Comores dans l'océan Indien. L'archipel des Comores est constitué de quatre îles (La Grande Comore, Mohéli, Anjouan et Mayotte) qui se trouvent dans le canal du Mozambique au Nord-Ouest de Madagascar et face au Mozambique.
ـُزُر القَـمَـر دولة صغيرة قرب قارة إفريقيا في المحيط الهندي، وعاصمتها موروني. هي اتحاد ثلاث جزر مستقلة: موهيلي (فومبوني), أنجوان (موتسامودو), القمر الكبير (موروني). وجزيرة رابعة هي مايوت (ماموتزو) لا تزال تحت إدارة فرنسا وتطالب بها جزر القمر.
الاسم السابق كان: جمهورية القمر الإتحادية الإسلامية (بالفرنسية.
The Union of the Comoros is a country in the Indian Ocean, situated at the northern end of the Mozambique Channel between northern ► Madagascar and northern ► Mozambique, near the French collectivity of ► Mayotte.
Carte géographique des Comores Geographical Map of the Comoros
Image satellite des Comores Satellite image of the Comoros
This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day the Comoros, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day the Comoros.
Over the centuries, the present-day Comoros are invaded by a succession of diverse groups from the coast of Africa, the Persian Gulf, Indonesia, and Madagascar. Portuguese explorers visit the archipelago in 1505. "Shirazi" Arab migrants introduce islam at about the same time. Between 1829 and 1840 the islands, including the island of Mayotte, are united under the Sultanate of Mayotte. This changes between 1843 and 1886, when the sultanate becomes as the Comoros a French protectorate. From 1896 the Comoros are administered from Réunion, but from 1908 the islands are administered from Madagascar. In 1947 the archipelago becomes a French overseas territory named Territoire des Comores (Territory of the Comoros). Internal autonomy is granted in 1961. In 1975 the archipelago achieves independence as the State of the Comoros. After a referendum the island of Mayotte decides to remain a French dependency. In 1978 the Comoros are renamed Federal and Islamic Republic of the Comoros. After a consitutional crisis the Comoros more or less converted into a confederation in 2001 under the name Union of the Comoros.
Notes and references
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