La República de El Salvador es un país de clima tropical localizado en la América Central, con una población de aproximadamente 6.7 millones de habitantes. Debido a su extensión territorial (21,041 km²). Adquirió su independencia de España en 1821, y dejó de ser parte de las Provincias Unidas de Centroamérica en 1839. Anteriormente, se lo conocía con el nombre de Cuscatlán que significa "Tierra de Cosas Preciosas", en lengua Nahuat.
The Republic of El Salvador is a country in Central America with a population of approximately 6.9 million people. It is bordered to the west by ► Guatemala, to the north and east by ► Honduras, and to the south by the Pacific Ocean. El Salvador is the most densely populated nation on the American mainland (especially in its capital, San Salvador) and the most industrialized nation in the region. The country was named after the Spanish word for "The Saviour," in honor of Jesus Christ, and its territory was known prehispanically as Cuscatlán. People from El Salvador are called "Salvadorans" (formally) and "Guanacos" (informally).
This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day El Salvador, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day El Salvador.
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