Atlas of Europe

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For maps of the history of Europe: Atlas of European history.
Internet-web-browser.svg Wikimedia Commons Atlas of the World

The Wikimedia Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons.
Discussion • Update the atlas • Index of the Atlas • Atlas in categories • Other atlases on line
The introductions of the country, dependency and region entries are in the native languages and in English. The other introductions are in English.

Europe Map .svg

Atlas of Europe
English Europe
Europe is one of the seven traditional continents of the Earth. Physically and geologically, Europe is the westernmost peninsula of Eurasia, west of Asia. Europe is bounded to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the west by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by the Mediterranean Sea, and to the southeast by the waterways adjoining the Mediterranean to and including the Black Sea and the Caucasus Mountains. On the east, Europe is divided from Asia by the water divide of the Ural Mountains and by the Caspian Sea. Europe is the world's second-smallest continent in terms of area, covering about 10,400,000 square kilometres (4,010,000 sq mi) or 2.0% of the Earth's surface. The only continent smaller than Europe is Australia. In terms of population, it is the third-largest continent (after Asia and Africa) with a population of some 710,000,000 or about 11% of the world's population. However, the term continent can refer to a cultural and political distinction or a physiographic one, leading to various perspectives about Europe's precise borders, area, and population.
Deutsch Europa ist das westliche Fünftel der eurasischen Landmasse und wird historisch und kulturell begründet meist als eigenständiger Kontinent betrachtet, obwohl es eigentlich ein Subkontinent ist, der mit Asien zusammen einen Kontinent bildet. Insgesamt hat Europa eine Fläche von etwa 10,5 Millionen Quadratkilometern und ist damit nach Australien der zweitkleinste Kontinent. Dennoch besitzt Europa mit rund 680 Millionen Einwohnern mehr Einwohner als jeweils Australien, Nord- oder Südamerika. Die geografische Ausdehnung erstreckt sich nach gängiger Definition vom Nordmeer und dem Atlantischen Ozean im Norden und Westen bis zum Ural und Mittelmeer im Osten und Süden. Der Kontinent besteht zurzeit politisch aus 46 souveränen Staaten. 27 davon sind Mitglied der Europäischen Union.
français L’Europe est considérée comme un continent ou une partie de l’Eurasie (péninsule occidentale), voire de l’Eurafrasie, selon le point de vue. Elle est parfois qualifiée de « Vieux Continent » (ou d’« Ancien Monde »), par opposition au « Nouveau Monde » (Amériques).
русский Европа — часть света, образующая вместе с Азией материк Евразия (о сухопутной границе Европы смотри Азия).
italiano L’Europa è una penisola, parte occidentale dell'Eurasia. È comunque considerata un continente per motivi culturali. È un continente piccolo la cui superficie misura solo 10.400.000 km² (superiore soltanto all'Australia), popolati tuttavia da 799.000.000 abitanti (statistiche del 2003) che la portano ad essere il terzo continente più popolato (dopo Asia ed Africa), pari dunque ad un ottavo della popolazione mondiale.
Population 710,000,000 inhabitants
Area 10,400,000 km²
Major language(s) German, Russian, English, French, Italian, etc, see: Languages of Europe
Major religion(s) Roman Catholicism, Eastern Orthodoxy, Protestantism
More information Europe, Geography of Europe, History of Europe and Politics of Europe
More images Europe - Europe (Category).

General maps

Europe location.png Location of Europe
Europamithaupstaedten.pdf Map of Europe with capitals
Euopamithauptstaedten.svg Map of Europe with capitals and ocean-background
Europe countries map en 2.png Map of Europe with the names of the countries
Europe countries map 2.png Map of Europe without the names of the countries
Europe countries map local lang 2.png Europe countries in local languages
Europe.jpg Physical map
Physical Map of Europe.jpg Physical map
Europe w asia n africa.jpg Physical map of Europe
Europe topography map en.png Topography map of Europe
Europe biogeography countries en.svg Biogeographical map of Europe
Map of Europe (political).png Territories of Europe:
Extension into Asia of the continuous territory of a European state
Physiographically in Asia or North America but considered European for cultural and historical reasons
Europe subregion map world factbook.svg Regions of Europe as delineated by the The World Factbook:
Northern Europe
Western Europe
Central Europe
Southern Europe
Southeastern Europe
Southwestern Europe
Eastern Europe
European regions.svg Regions of Europe as delineated by de Blij & Muller (2002):

Maps of the history of Europe

The maps of the history of Europe can be found in the Atlas of European history.

Old maps

This section holds copies of original general maps more than 70 years old.

Map of Europe according to Strabo.jpg Strabo map of Europe (around the year 1 CE)
MercatormapFullEurope16thcentury.jpg Mercator Map of Europe 16th century
Carta Marina.jpeg Carta Marina of Northern Europe 1539
Abraham Ortelius Map of Europe.jpg Ortelius map of Europe 1595
Herman Moll Map of Europe.jpg Herman Moll map of Europe 1708
Europe 1792.png Map of Europe 1798 (issued 1898)
Europa politisch 1905.png Map of Europe 1905
Europe 1911.jpg Map of Europe 1911

Maps of international organizations

Europa Organisationen.png European organizations
Council of Europe map.png Council of Europe
European Union main map.svg
European Economic Area.svg European Economic Area
EU and EFTA.svg European Union and European Free Trade Association
ESA-members-map.svg European Space Agency
Eumetsat-members-map2.png EUMETSAT
European Organization for the Safety of Air Navigation members.svg Eurocontrol
EFTA AELE countries-1995.svg

European Free Trade Association

EFTA member states
former member states, now EU member states
Stability Pact members.svg Stability Pact
CEFTA 2007.PNG Central European Free Trade Agreement
Visegrad group countries.svg Visegrad
Benelux schematic map.png the Benelux states
CERN members.svg CERN
CACO Map.png Central Asian Cooperation Organization
EurasecMap.png Eurasian Economic Community
CIS Map.png Commonwealth of Independent States
member state
associate member
GUAM in CIS Map.png GUAM Organization for Democracy and Economic Development
NATO members (blue).svg North Atlantic Treaty Organisation
NATO expansion.png NATO in Europe
NATO partnerships.svg NATO Partners
OSCEmap 2005.png Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe
Arctic Council Members.png Arctic Council

Population maps

Europe population growth 2006.png Countries by growth of population in 2006
Europe population map countries.PNG Countries by population

Maps of Regions

[[|border|251x400px]] The Baltic States

Maps of seas and rivers

Adriatic Sea map.png Adriatic Sea
Danubemap.JPG Danube

Language maps

Europe nations.svg Languages of Europe. Early XXI century
Europallingues.jpg Languages of Europe
Romance 20c en.png Romance languages
Slavic europe.svg Slavic languages
[[|border|251x400px]] Slavic languages
Slovanskisvet.PNG Slavic languages
Balto Slavic countries.svg Baltic and Slavic languages
Balkans ethnic map (1992).jpg Ethnic map of the Balkans

Religion maps

Europe belief in god.png Belief in God

Legal maps

Legal systems in Europe (extended map).png Map of European legal systems
[[|border|251x400px]] Sexual emancipation

Economy maps

European countries by GDP.PNG Countries by GDP
European gdp growth.png Growth of GDP
Labour productivity levels in europe.svg Labour productivity
Flat tax in Europe.svg Flat tax
400px-European-union-renewables-fr.png Renewable energy
Agricultura ganaderia europa.png Agriculture (Spanish)
Europe busiest airports.png Busiest airports
Problemas ambientales.png Environmental problems
Europe time zones map en.png Time zones
Time zones of Europe, incl. Transcaucasia.svg Time zones

Satellite maps

Europe satellite orthographic.jpg Satellite map
Europe satellite globe.jpg Satellite map

Satirical and unusual maps

Europe as a queen map.JPG Europe in the shape of a queen (16th century)
Europe As A Queen Sebastian Munster 1570.jpg Europe in the shape of a queen (1570)
Politische Charte von Europa, 1848.jpg Political map of Europe (1848)
Latest War Map of Europe 1870.jpg Satirical map of Europe (1870)
Satirical map of Europe, 1877.jpg Satirical map of Europe (1877)
A. B. Morozova - Настояшая Европа безъ потдылки.jpg Satirical map of Europe (1884)
Satirical Map of Europe, 1887.jpg Satirical map of Europe (1887)
John Bull and his Friends 1900.jpg Satirical map of Europe (1900)
Satirical map of Europe, 1914.jpg Satirical map of Europe (1914)

Notes and references

General remarks:

  • The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
  • Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
  • Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
  • The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
  • The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.

Entries available in the atlas

General pages
Atlas   ■ Historical atlas   ■ Index of the Atlas   ■ Names in native languages

The world and its continents and oceans
Quick reference   ■ Historical maps of the world   ■ Old maps
Physical and topographical   ■ Political   ■ Geological   ■ People   ■ Time and time zones   ■ Projections of the globe
Africa   ■ North and South America   ■ Antarctica   ■ Asia   ■ Europe

(History, European Union)   ■ Oceania   ■ Oceans

Administrative divisions   ■ International organizations   ■ Languages   ■ Religions

Historical eras
Prehistory   ■ Antiquity   ■ Middle Ages   ■ Rise of Islam   ■ Early Modern Age   ■ Early American Societies   ■ Early Asian Societies   ■ Age of Renaissance   ■ Colonialism   ■ Stielers Handatlas 1891   ■ 20th Century   ■ World War I   ■ World War II

Entities with undisputed sovereign status
Afghanistan   ■ Albania   ■ Algeria   ■ Andorra   ■ Angola   ■ Antigua and Barbuda   ■ Argentina   ■ Armenia   ■ Australia   ■ Austria   ■ Azerbaijan   ■ Bahamas   ■ Bahrain   ■ Bangladesh   ■ Barbados   ■ Belarus   ■ Belgium   ■ Belize   ■ Benin   ■ Bhutan   ■ Bolivia   ■ Bosnia and Herzegovina   ■ Botswana   ■ Brazil   ■ Brunei   ■ Bulgaria   ■ Burkina Faso   ■ Burundi   ■ Cambodia   ■ Cameroon   ■ Canada   ■ Cape Verde   ■ Central African Republic   ■ Chad   ■ Chile   ■ China   ■ Colombia   ■ Comoros   ■ Congo (Democratic Republic)   ■ Congo (Republic)   ■ Costa Rica   ■ Côte d’Ivoire   ■ Croatia   ■ Cuba   ■ Cyprus   ■ Czech Republic   ■ Denmark   ■ Djibouti   ■ Dominica   ■ Dominican Republic   ■ East Timor   ■ Ecuador   ■ Egypt   ■ El Salvador   ■ Equatorial Guinea   ■ Eritrea   ■ Estonia   ■ Eswatini   ■ Ethiopia   ■ Fiji   ■ Finland   ■ France   ■ Gabon   ■ Gambia   ■ Georgia   ■ Germany   ■ Ghana   ■ Greece   ■ Grenada   ■ Guatemala   ■ Guinea   ■ Guinea-Bissau   ■ Guyana   ■ Haiti   ■ Honduras   ■ Hungary   ■ Iceland   ■ India   ■ Indonesia   ■ Iran   ■ Iraq   ■ Ireland   ■ Israel   ■ Italy   ■ Jamaica   ■ Japan   ■ Jordan   ■ Kazakhstan   ■ Kenya   ■ Kiribati   ■ Korea (Democratic People’s Republic)   ■ Korea (Republic)   ■ Kuwait   ■ Kyrgyzstan   ■ Laos   ■ Latvia   ■ Lebanon   ■ Lesotho   ■ Liberia   ■ Libya   ■ Liechtenstein   ■ Lithuania   ■ Luxembourg   ■ Madagascar   ■ Malawi   ■ Malaysia   ■ Maldives   ■ Mali   ■ Malta   ■ Marshall Islands   ■ Mauritania   ■ Mauritius   ■ Mexico   ■ Micronesia (Federated States)   ■ Moldova   ■ Monaco   ■ Mongolia   ■ Montenegro   ■ Morocco   ■ Mozambique   ■ Myanmar   ■ Namibia   ■ Nauru   ■ Nepal   ■ Netherlands   ■ New Zealand   ■ Nicaragua   ■ Niger   ■ Nigeria   ■ North Macedonia   ■ Norway   ■ Oman   ■ Pakistan   ■ Palau   ■ Panama   ■ Papua New Guinea   ■ Paraguay   ■ Peru   ■ Philippines   ■ Poland   ■ Portugal   ■ Qatar   ■ Romania   ■ Russia   ■ Rwanda   ■ Saint Kitts and Nevis   ■ Saint Lucia   ■ Saint Vincent and the Grenadines   ■ Samoa   ■ San Marino   ■ São Tomé and Príncipe   ■ Saudi Arabia   ■ Senegal   ■ Serbia   ■ Seychelles   ■ Sierra Leone   ■ Singapore   ■ Slovakia   ■ Slovenia   ■ Solomon Islands   ■ Somalia   ■ South Africa   ■ South Sudan   ■ Spain   ■ Sri Lanka   ■ Sudan   ■ Suriname   ■ Sweden   ■ Switzerland   ■ Syria   ■ Tajikistan   ■ Tanzania   ■ Thailand   ■ Togo   ■ Tonga   ■ Trinidad and Tobago   ■ Tunisia   ■ Turkey   ■ Turkmenistan   ■ Tuvalu   ■ Uganda   ■ Ukraine   ■ United Arab Emirates   ■ United Kingdom   ■ United States   ■ Uruguay   ■ Uzbekistan   ■ Vanuatu   ■ Vatican City   ■ Venezuela   ■ Vietnam   ■ Yemen   ■ Zambia   ■ Zimbabwe

Entities with disputed sovereign status
Abkhazia   ■ Artsakh   ■ Kosovo   ■ Northern Cyprus   ■ Palestine   ■ Somaliland   ■ South Ossetia   ■ Taiwan   ■ Tatarstan   ■ Transnistria   ■ Western Sahara

Dependencies and other overseas territories
Akrotiri and Dhekelia   ■ Åland   ■ American Samoa   ■ Anguilla   ■ Aruba   ■ Ascension Island   ■ Ashmore and Cartier Islands   ■ Baker Island   ■ Bermuda   ■ Bouvet Island   ■ British Indian Ocean Territory   ■ British Virgin Islands   ■ Cayman Islands   ■ Christmas Island   ■ Clipperton Island   ■ Cocos (Keeling) Islands   ■ Cook Islands   ■ Coral Sea Islands   ■ Curaçao   ■ Faroe Islands   ■ French Guiana   ■ French Polynesia   ■ French Southern and Antarctic Lands   ■ Gibraltar   ■ Greenland   ■ Guadeloupe   ■ Guam   ■ Guantanamo Bay   ■ Guernsey   ■ Heard Island and McDonald Islands   ■ Hong Kong   ■ Howland Island   ■ Isle of Man   ■ Jan Mayen   ■ Jarvis Island   ■ Jersey   ■ Johnston Atoll   ■ Kingman Reef   ■ Macau   ■ Martinique   ■ Mayotte   ■ Midway Atoll   ■ Montserrat   ■ Navassa Island   ■ New Caledonia   ■ Niue   ■ Norfolk Island   ■ Northern Mariana Islands   ■ Palmyra Atoll   ■ Pitcairn Islands   ■ Puerto Rico   ■ Réunion   ■ Saint Helena   ■ Saint Martin (France)   ■ Saint-Barthélemy   ■ Saint-Pierre and Miquelon   ■ Sint Maarten (Netherlands)   ■ Svalbard   ■ Tokelau   ■ Tristan da Cunha   ■ Turks and Caicos Islands   ■ United States Virgin Islands   ■ Wake Island   ■ Wallis and Futuna

Disputed subnational entities and territories
Bajo Nuevo Bank   ■ Crimea   ■ Falkland Islands   ■ Gilgit–Baltistan   ■ Kurdistan (Syrian)   ■ Kashmir   ■ Ladakh   ■ Paracel Islands   ■ Serranilla Bank   ■ South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands   ■ Spratly Islands   ■

Subnational autonomous entities
Aceh   ■ Adjara   ■ Adygea   ■ Altai   ■ Andalusia   ■ Aosta Valley   ■ Aragon   ■ Asturias   ■ Athos   ■ Azores   ■ Balearic Islands   ■ Bashkortostan   ■ Basque Autonomous Community   ■ Bonaire   ■ Bosnia and Herzegovina (Federation of)   ■ Bougainville   ■ Brussels   ■ Buryatia   ■ Canary Islands   ■ Catalonia   ■ Chechnya   ■ Chuvashia   ■ Corsica   ■ Dagestan   ■ Easter Island   ■ England   ■ Extremadura   ■ Flanders   ■ Friuli-Venezia Giulia   ■ Gagauzia   ■ Galicia   ■ Galápagos Islands   ■ Gilgit–Baltistan   ■ Gorno-Badakhshan   ■ Guangxi   ■ Ingushetia   ■ Islamabad Capital Territory   ■ Inner Mongolia   ■ Kabardino-Balkaria   ■ Kalmykia   ■ Karachay-Cherkessia   ■ Karakalpakstan   ■ Karelia   ■ Khakassia   ■ Komi   ■ Kurdistan (Iraqi)   ■ Khyber Pakhtunkhwa   ■ Madeira   ■ Mari El   ■ Muslim Mindanao   ■ Mordovia   ■ Nakhichevan   ■ Navarre   ■ Nevis   ■ Ningxia   ■ North Ossetia – Alania   ■ Northern Ireland   ■ Nunatsiavut   ■ Quebec   ■ Saba   ■ Sakha   ■ Sardinia   ■ Scotland   ■ Sicily   ■ Sindh   ■ Sint Eustatius   ■ Srpska   ■ Tibet   ■ Tłı̨chǫ   ■ Trentino-Alto Adige   ■ Tuva   ■ Udmurtia   ■ Vojvodina   ■ Wales   ■ Wallonia   ■ Xinjiang   ■ Zanzibar

Other regions
Basque Country   ■ Burzenland   ■ Catalan Countries   ■ Frisia   ■ Kurdistan   ■ Manchuria   ■ Sápmi   ■ Svenskfinland   ■ Székely Land   ■ Transylvania

Former sovereign nations
Austria-Hungary   ■ Byzantine Empire   ■ Caliphate   ■ Czechoslovakia   ■ Frankish Empire   ■ Kingdom of Hawaiʻi   ■ Inca Empire   ■ Iroquois Confederacy   ■ Macedonian Empire   ■ Ottoman Empire   ■ Prussia   ■ Roman Empire   ■ Soviet Union   ■ Republic of Texas   ■ Vermont Republic   ■ Republic of West Florida   ■ Yugoslavia

Former dependencies and overseas territories
Netherlands Antilles

Former disputed territories
Tamil Eelam