Atlas of France

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Flag of France.svg


Français la France - République française

La République française à la suite d'un long processus d'évolution étalé sur près de 2 000 ans d’histoire, est un État d’Europe dont le territoire métropolitain est situé en Europe de l’Ouest. La France est – parmi tous les grands États européens – le plus anciennement constitué, autour d’un domaine royal initialement centré sur l’Île-de-France, sa capitale étant Paris.

Occitan França - Republica francesa

França es un país de l'Euròpa occidentala, es la pàtria del pòble francés e forma un estat. França es, demèst totes los grands Estats europencs, lo mai ancianament constituat, a l'entorn d'un domeni reial inicialament centrat sus l'Illa-de-França, que sa capitala istorica e culturala es uèi París.

Català França - República Francesa

La República Francesa, és un estat d'Europa el territori metropolità del qual és situat en l'Europa de l'oest. França és - dins el conjunt dels països més grans d'Europa - el més antigament constituit, a l'entorn d'un domini reial inicialment centrat en l'illa de França, la seva capital és París. Catalunya-nord esdevé francesa el 1659 amb el tractat dels Pirineus (Tractat no oficial perquè no ha estat mai aprovat per les Corts Catalanes de Barcelona).

Frànkrich - Republik Frànkrich

Frankriich isch e Land, wo im weschtliche Europa leit. Es het ebbis meh wie sächzig Millione Ywohner un isch 543.965 km² groß un 's isch nooch Russland und dr Ukraine es dritt gröscht Land fun Europa. Es Elsass isch e Stickel fun Frankriich un d'r Sproch, wo mer spricht, isch Elsässerditsch.

English France - French Republic

The French Republic is a country whose metropolitan territory is located in Western Europe and which also comprises various overseas islands and territories located in other continents. Metropolitan France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. France is bordered by ► Belgium (► Flanders and ► Wallonia), ► Luxembourg, ► Germany, ► Switzerland, ► Italy (with ► Aosta Valley), ► Monaco, ► Andorra, and ► Spain (with ► Catalonia, ► Navarre and ► Basque Country. In some of its overseas departments, France also shares land borders with ► Brazil, ► Suriname, and ► Sint Maarten (a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands). France is also linked to the ► United Kingdom via the Channel Tunnel, which passes underneath the English Channel.
France includes also the overseas regions/departments of ► Guadeloupe, ► French Guiana, ► Martinique, and ► Réunion, the overseas collectivity/region of ► Corsica, as well as ► French Polynesia, overseas country, ► New Caledonia, entity sui generis, ► Mayotte, departemental collectivity, and the other overseas collectivities of ► Saint-Barthélemy, ► Saint-Martin, ► Saint-Pierre and Miquelon, ► Wallis and Futuna as well as the uninhabited territories of ► Clipperton Island and the ► French Southern and Antarctic Lands.

Short name  France
Official name French Republic
Status Independent country since 843, member of the ► European Union since 1957. Modern state founded as the Fifth Republic in 1958. Permanent Member of the UN Security Council.
Location Western Europe
Capital Paris
Population 64,898,000 inhabitants
Area 551,695 square kilometres (213,011 sq mi)
Languages French (official), Basque, Breton, Occitan, German (Alsacien), Dutch (West-Flemish), Catalan, Corsican
Religions Roman Catholic
More information France, Geography of France, History of France and Politics of France
More images France - France (Category).

General maps

Outre-mer fr sans Terre Adelie.png

Territoire de la République française sans la Terre Adélie.
Outre-mer en sans Terre Adelie.png

Territory of the French Republic without Adélie Land.

Terres émergées de la République française à la même échelle géographique.

The lands making up the French Republic, shown at the same geographic scale.
Europe location FRA.png Location within Europe

La France en Europe
EU location FRA.png

La France et l'Union Européenne
LocationFrance.svg Location of France

Situation de la France

Fr-map.png Map of France
Carte anglophone de la France
France map FR.png Carte de la France (noms en français)
France cities.png Map of Metropolitan French cities

Les villes de la France métropolitaine
France cities.svg Main cities and rivers of France

France blank.svg Blank map of Metropolitan France (Mercator projection)

Carte vierge de la France métropolitaine (projection Mercator)
France base map 18 regions.png Fond de carte des 18 régions de France à la même échelle géographique

Blank map of France's 18 administrative régions at the same geographical scale
France fond de carte 101 départements.png Fond de carte des 101 départements de France à la même échelle géographique

Blank map of France's 101 departments at the same geographical scale
France adm-2 location map.svg The 18 régions and 96 départements of metropolitan France

Les 18 régions et 96 département de la France métropolitaine
Préfectures de France 2016.svg Prefectures in France
Regions France 2016.svg Regions

Les régions

France relief location map.jpg Topography
France radar.jpg Map of France

Carte de la France
France with Corsica (demis).png Map of France

Carte de la France

Outre-mer en.png French overseas territories

La France d'Outre-Mer
Overseasfrancemap.png Idem

History maps

This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day France, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day France.

Early history

Celts 800-400BC.PNG Since 600 BC present-day France is inhabited by Celtic tribes, like the Belgae. This map shows the possible extent of (proto-)Celtic influence 800-400 BC
Extentention possible d'influence (proto-)Celtique, 800-400 BC
Distribution of Celts in Europe.png Celts in Europe
Celtes en Europe
Gaul, 1st century BC.gif Gallia in the 1st century.
Une carte du Gaul, au 1er ciècle AC
Map Gallia Tribes Towns.png A map of Gaul showing tribes and cities

The Romans

SPQRomani.svg 57/51 BC-395: Roman Empire - includes present-day Belgium ► Roman Empire

Roman expansion 264 BC Shepherd.jpg
In the first century BC the Roman Empire conquers Gaul, present-day France. Gaul remains part of the Roman Empire until the fifth century.
Développement territorial de l'Empire romain 264 AC-192, le conquêt de la France contemporaine inclu (Gaul
Hannibal route of invasion.gif The invasion by Hannibal in the Punic Wars
L'invasion de Hannibal pendant les Guerres Puniques.
Expansion of Rome, 2nd century BC.gif Roman Republic 100 BCE
Caesar's Campaigns in Gaul, 1st century BC.png Gallic Wars
REmpire-Gallia.png Les provinces romains de Gaule
Roman provinces of Gaul: Gallia Narbonensis, Gallia Lugdunensis, Gallia Belgica and Aquitania
Sin bandera.svg 395-451: Western Roman Empire - includes present-day Belgium ► Roman Empire

Extent of Western Roman Empire 395.png After the division of the Roman Empire, Gaul become part of the Western Roman Empire. This map shows the Empire in 395.
Rome406.jpeg La division de l'Empire-Romain en 406
Division of the Roman Empire in 406.
Karte völkerwanderung.jpg Invasions of the Roman Empire 100-500. These invasions lead to the collapse of the Roman Empire in Gallia.
SPQRomani.svg 451-486: Domain of Soissons - independent monarchy, de jure province of the Western Roman Empire

628px-Western and Eastern Roman Empires 476AD(3).PNG A small part of Gaul remains under control of Romans, who establish the Domain of Soissons, which existed from 451 until 486. This map shows in Gallia the renmants of the Western Roman Empire, which was the Domain of Soissons.
In the rest of Gaul, various Germanic tribes form their nations. Among them are the ► Franks, the ► Visigoths and the ► Burgunds.
Les invasions de l'Empire-Romain

The Franks

Sin bandera.svg 481-843: Frankish Empire - independent monarchy including present-day Belgium ► Frankish Empire

Frankish empire.jpg In 486 Clovis I, leader of the germanic tribe of the Franks, conquers the Roman territory {Domain of Soissons between the Loire and the Somme, subsequently unites most of northern and central France under his rule and adopts roman catholicism as the main religion. The Frankish Realm is often divided in at maximum four sub-kingdoms, like Neustria or Soissons, Austrasia or Reims,, Burgundy, Orléans, Paris and Aquitaine, but was at the outside considered to be one country. Times of division were alternated with times of unification. The Frankish Realm includes also large parts of what is now includes large parts of Gaul and what is now Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, Switzerland, and North Italy. In 751 the Carolingian dynasty comes to power with Pepin the Short, but his succesor, Charlemagne reunites in 771 the Frankish domains. Charlemagne is crowned Emperor of the Romans, or Roman Emperor in the West, by Pope Leo III in 800. This map shows the rise of the Frankish Empire
Sin bandera.svg 843-987: West Frankish Empire (Regnum Francorum Occidentalis) - independent monarchy

843-870 Europe.jpg Treaty of Verdun (843) and Treaty of Meerssen (870)
Western Empire-Europe870.JPG Division de l'Empire d'Occident
Division of the Frankish Empire after 870

Kingdom of France

Sin bandera.svg 987-1792: Kingdom of France (Royaume de France) - independent (feudal) monarchy

France.Xe.siecle.png The Kingdom of France becomes a fact in 987. France develops into a feudal kingdom. This map shows France in the 10th Century.
La France au X siècle
France à la fin du Xe siècle.jpeg France at the end of the 10th century
La France à la fin du Xe siècle
Map France 1030-fr.svg France in 1030.
La France en 1030
France 12thC.jpg France in the 12th century.
La France au XIIe siècle
France 1154 Eng.jpg France in 1154
La France en 1154
Large parts are from 1187 under de facto English rule. Eastern parts of the country are more or less independent as Burgundy. This map shows France in 1223.
La France en 1223
Shepherd-c-076.jpg La France en 1328
France in 1328
France 1330.svg France in 1330
Début guerre de cent ans.svg The beginning of the Hundred Years' War in 1337
Hundred years war.gif Animated map of the Hundred Years' War
Traité de Bretigny.svg Treaty of Bretigny in 1360
Frankreich-1429 1-800x600.png France in 1429. Yellow is under English control, Green under Burgundian control.
Hundred years war france england 1435.jpg Situation in 1435. The English and Burgundians were defeated in 1453.
Map France 1477-fr.svg France at the end of the 15th century
La France à la fin du XVe siècle
Map France 1477-fr.svg La France en 1477
France in 1477
France XVe siècle.jpg Idem
Agrandissements de la France aux XIVe et XVe siècles.jpeg Les agrandissements de la France aux XIVe s et XVe siècles
Growth of France, 14 and 15th century
Map of France under Francis I (1515-1547)-fr.svg L'évolution de la France sous François Ier
France 1552 to 1798-en.png France from 1552 to 1798, showing territorial expansion during each reign
France 1552 to 1798-fr.png Same map in French
Conquêtes de Louis XIV de 1648 à 1681.jpeg Les conquêtes de Louis XIV de 1648 à 1681
Conquests of Louis XIV 1648-1681
France frontiers 1601 1766.jpg France 1701-1766
France ecc 1789 1802.jpg Ecclesiastal map
Provinces of France.png French provinces before the revolution

Revolution and expansion

Généralités in 1789.jpeg Generalities in 1789
France 1800.png Map of the French Republic in 1800 after the Treaty of Campo Formio, achieving the long-held goal of the "natural borders" on the Pyrénées, the Alps and the Rhine.
1french-empire1811.jpg French Empire 1811
Europe map Napoleon 1811.png Europe under Napoleon
Dep-fr.jpg Departments under Napoleon
Vichyfrance.GIF France during World War II
France zonelibre.png Division of France during World War II
France 40-44.GIF Division de la France
Division of France

French colonialism

131Etendue de l'Empire Français.png Les empires coloniaux français
The French colonial empires
French Empire 1919-1939.png Extent of the French Empire from 1919 to 1939
French Equatorial Africa.PNG French Equatorial Africa
French west africa countries.PNG French West Africa

History of other entities in present-day France



Old maps

This section holds copies of original general maps more than 70 years old.

Herman Moll Map of France.jpg France in 1740 by Herman Moll
France during Franco-Prussian War December1870.jpg France 1870

Regional maps, Cartes Régionales

Basque Country location map.png Location of the Basque Provinces
Euskal Herriko herrialdeen mapa.svg Map of the Basque Provinces in Spain and France
Occitanie.png Occitania

Other maps

Langues de la France1.gif Langues régionales et dialectes de France
Languages of France
Domaines geologiques france.png Divisions in French Regional Geology.
France geological map-fr.svg Geologic map of France.
CORINE Land Cover 2006 France with legend.png Land use in Metropolitan France with legend, 2006.
French vineyards法國酒區地圖.svg Map of the principal wine regions in France.
French departments by legal population (2013).png French departments by legal population in 2013
DepartementsFranceDensitePopulation.svg Population density by department (population per sq km)
France population density 40pc.png Population density in France at the time of the 1999 census. All territories are shown at the same geographic scale.
FrenchTop25Cities.png Map of the 25 largest urban units by population.
SolarGIS-Solar-map-France-en.png Solar potential
Watts per capita France.svg PV capacity in watt-per-capita by region in 2013

0 - 1 watt   1 - 10 watts   10 - 50 watts   50 - 100 watts   100 - 200 watts   200 - 350 watts   350 - 500 watts

Localisation - bassin houiller de Moselle.svg Lorraine basin location on French coal basins map
Nuclear power plants map France-fr.svg Centrales nucléaires
Nuclear plants
French canals index map.jpg French canals map
France airport map.png France airport map
Railway stations on departure from Paris map-en.svg Railway stations and the respective areas they serve on departure from Paris.
Carte TGV.svg Map of the French railways on which the TGV (LGV: blue; normal tracks: black) and Intercités (grey) SNCF trains run.
Parcs naturels français.svg Nature Parks in France
  National natural park
  Regional natural park

Satellite maps

Satellite image of France in August 2002.jpg Satellite map

Notes and references

General remarks:

  • The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
  • Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
  • Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
  • The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
  • The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.

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Former dependencies and overseas territories
Netherlands Antilles

Former disputed territories
Tamil Eelam