Atlas of Greece

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The introductions of the country, dependency and region entries are in the native languages and in English. The other introductions are in English.
EU location GRE.png

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English Greece - Hellenic Republic

Greece (officially the Hellenic Republic) , is a country in south-eastern Europe, situated on the southern end of the Balkan peninsula. It is bordered by ► Bulgaria, the ► North Macedonia, ► Albania to the north, and by ► Turkey to the east. The Aegean Sea lies to the east of mainland Greece, while the Ionian Sea lies to the west. Both parts of the eastern Mediterranean basin feature a vast number of islands. Greece includes the autonomous monastic republic of ► Athos.

Ελληνικά Η Ελλάδα (ή Ελλάς, επίσημη ονομασία Ελληνική Δημοκρατία), είναι χώρα στην νοτιοανατολική Ευρώπη, στο νοτιότερο άκρο της Βαλκανικής χερσονήσου, στην Ανατολική Μεσόγειο. Συνορεύει στην ξηρά, βόρεια με την ► ΠΓΔΜ και την ► Βουλγαρία , στα βορειοδυτικά με την ► Αλβανία και στα βορειοανατολικά με την ► Τουρκία. Βρέχεται ανατολικά από το Αιγαίο Πέλαγος, στα δυτικά και νότια από το Ιόνιο και από την Μεσόγειο Θάλασσα. Θεωρείται λίκνο του Δυτικού πολιτισμού. Η Ελλάδα έχει μια μακρά και πλούσια ιστορία κατά την οποία άσκησε μεγάλη πολιτισμική επίδραση σε τρεις ηπείρους. Στην Ελλάδα ανήκει και η ► Αθωνική Πολιτεία του Αγίου Όρους.

Short name  Greece
Official name Hellenic Republic
Status Independent country since 1821, member of the ► European Union since 1981
Location South East Europe
Capital Αθήνα[1] (Athens)
Population 10,816,286 inhabitants
Area 131,990 square kilometres (50,960 sq mi)
Major languages Greek
Major religions Greek Orthodox Church
More information Greece, Geography of Greece, History of Greece and Politics of Greece
More images Greece - Greece (Category).

General maps

Gr-map.png Map of Greece
Greece topo.jpg Topographic map of Greece
Flag-map of Greece.svg Map of Greece in the colors of the Flag of Greece.
Peripheries of Greece.png
English: Modern regions of Greece
Ελληνικά: Περιφέριες της Ελλάδας
English: Modern regions of Greece
English: Prefectures of Greece
Greece prefectures map.png
Ελληνικά: Νομοί της Ελλάδας
English: Prefectures of Greece
Greece 2011 subdivisions blank.svg Municipalities of Greece
Electoral constituencies of Greece (2018).svg Parliamentary constituencies of Greece

History maps

This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day Greece, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day Greece.

Pelasgian presence in ancient texts (English).svg Map of Pelasgians
GrLangPrehistory.jpg Dialect map of Prehistoric Greece
EpirusMycynaen.jpg Mycenaean remains in Epirus
Tribes in Ancient Thrace (English).svg Tribes in Thrace
ThracianTribes.jpg Map of Thracian Tribes
Gaul Migration Map (English).svg Celtic migrations
Ancient Thrace after Hoddinot, Fol & Cah (English).png Ancient Thrace
Thraciae-veteris-typvs.jpg ancient Thrace,map made in 1585
Life of Orpheus Greek Mythology (Extra Details).svg Map of Orpheus's life
Life of Orpheus Greek Mythology.svg The life of Orpheus (svg, translatable)
Ancient Greek southern regions.png Ancient Greece, southern regions
Ancient Greek Northern regions (English).svg Ancient Greece, northern regions
Ancient Regions Peloponnese.png Ancient regions of the Peloponnese
AncientGreekDialects (Woodard) en.svg Ancient Greek dialects (following Woodard 2008)
Ancient greek dialects-en.svg Ancient Greek dialects (following Horrocks 2006)
Epirus antiquus tabula.png Ancient Epirus
Map of ancient Epirus and environs.png Ancient Epirus
Map of ancient Epirus and environs (English).svg (svg) Ancient Epirus
Ancient Epirus & Modern Borders (Colored).svg Epirus in relation to Modern states Epirus
Ancient Epirus & Modern Borders.svg (svg) Epirus in relation to Modern states Epirus
Map Minoan Crete-en.svg Minoan Crete
Route of Karanos to establish his own kingdom (English).svg Dorian invasion and Karanus of Macedon Karanus of Macedon
Map of Archaic Greece (English).jpg The Archaic period in Greece (750 BC – 480 BC) Archaic period in Greece
Map of the ancient Greek Kingdom of Macedon (with settlements) (English).svg Kingdom of Macedon
Map of the ancient Greek Kingdom of Macedon (without settlements) (English).svg Kingdom of Macedon
Ancient Greece Northern Part Map.jpg Ancient Greece, Northern part
Map greek sanctuaries-en.svg Religious Sanctuaries of the Ancient Greeks
Homeric greece.png Homeric Greece (around 8th century BCE)
Griechischen und phönizischen Kolonien.jpg Greek colonization 8th until 6th century BCE
The Beginnings of Historic Greece 700 - 600 B.C..jpg Ancient Greece 700-600 BC
Location greek ancient.png Ancient Greek world around 550 BC
Historic peloponnes de.png Peloponneses
Sparta territory.jpg Sparta in the classical age
Map of Assyria.png The Region in the 9th to 7th centuries BC
Map of the Achaemenid Empire.jpg Greece and the Achaemid Empire (Persia (648–330 BCE) at its greatest extent
Achaemenid-empire-500BCE.png Greece and the Persian Achaemenid Empire
Carte empire achéménide.png Greece and the Persian Achaemenid Empire
Persian Empire, 490 BC.gif Greece and the Persian Achaemenid Empire
[[|border|251x400px]] Battles of Ancient Greece Ancient Greece
Battles of Ancient Greece 700-168 BC (English).svg Hellenic Battles,700-168 BC [svg]
Ionian Revolt Campaign Map-en.svg Ionian Revolt around 500 BC
Map Greco-Persian Wars-en.svg Greco-Persian Wars around 500 BC
Perserkriege.jpg Greco-Persian Wars around 500 BC
Persian invasion.png Third Persian Invasion around 480 BC
Map athenian empire 431 BC-fr.svg Athens and her allies in 431 BC. The city-states in the Aegean were part of the Delian League
Pelop krieg1.png Peloponnesian War
Map Peloponnesian War 431 BC-fr.svg Greek states around 431 BC (Peloponnesian War)
362BCThebanHegemony.png 371 BC - 362 BC, Theban Hegemony
Griechenland 371-362.jpg Greece 371-362 BCE
Expansion of Macedon (English).svg Expansion of Macedon
Growth of the ancient Greek Kingdom of Macedon (English) no region markers.svg
English: The expansion of Macedon
Growth of the ancient Greek Kingdom of Macedon (English).svg Expansion of Macedon
Map Macedonia 336 BC-en.svg Macedon and Philip II's campaigns Hellenistic period (around 336 BC)
Macedonian Kingdom.jpg The Macedonian Kingdom 334-323 BCE
Map of Armenia and Albania (1760).jpg The Expedition of Alexander the Great 334-323 BCE
Map-alexander-empire.png Map of the Empire of Alexander
MacedonEmpire.jpg Map of the Empire of Alexander 334-323 BCE
Alexander den stores rike, Nordisk familjebok.jpg Map of the Empire of Alexander (Norwegian)
Map of the Pyrrhic War (280–275 BC) (English).jpg Pyrrhus' invasion of Italy
Diadochen1.png Hellenistic successor states:
Kingdom of Ptolemy
Kingdom of Cassander
Kingdom of Lysimachus
Kingdom of Seleucus
Other states:
Hellenistic world 200BC blank.png Hellenistic world in 200 BCE
Map Macedonia 200 BC-fr.svg Hellenistic period (around 200 BC)
Roman expansion 264 BC Shepherd.jpg Territorial development of the Roman Empire 264 BC-192, including the conquest of present
Asia minor roman power.jpg Roman conquest of Minor Asia
Expansion of Rome, 2nd century BC.gif Roman Republic 100 BCE
Roman Empire in 50 BC.png Map of the Roman Empire in 50
Roman Empire.png The extent of the Roman Republic and Roman Empire;
133 BC
44 BC (late Republic, after conquests by republican generals)
AD 14 (death of Augustus)
117 (maximum extension)
Roman Legions camps - AD 80.png Camps of the Roman Legions in 80
Romia Imperio.png Map of the Roman Empire in 116
Achaea SPQR.png Achaea in the Roman Empire (116)
Epirus SPQR.png Epirus in the Roman Empire (116)
Macedonia SPQR.png Macedonia in the Roman Empire (116)
Roman empire.png Roman Empire in 117
REmpire-Achaea.png The Roman province of Achaea
Roman empire 395.jpg Roman Empire divided 395, showing the dioceses and praetorian prefectures of Gaul, Italy, Illyricum and Oriens (east), roughly analogous to the four Tetrarch zones of influence after Diocletian's reforms.
Theodosius I's empire.png The division of the Empire after the death of Theodosius I, ca.395 AD superimposed on modern borders.
Invasions of the Roman Empire 1.png Invasions of the Roman Empire 100-500
Karte völkerwanderung.jpg Invasions of the Roman Empire 100-500
Rome406.jpeg Division of the Roman Empire in 406
628px-Western and Eastern Roman Empires 476AD(3).PNG Eastern Roman Empire and Western Roman Empire, c.476
EasternRomanEmpire.png Eastern Roman Empire
Justinien 527-565.svg Eastern Roman Empire under emperor Justinianus
Justinian Byzanz.png Eastern Roman Empire under emperor Justinianus
Byzantine Empire animated.gif Map of the changes in borders of the Byzantine Empire
Byzantium550.png Byzantine Empire 550
ByzantineEmpire717AD.png The Byzantine Empire at the accession of Leo III, c. 717
ByzantineEmpire867AD3.PNG The Byzantine Empire at the accession of Basil I, c. 867
Byzantium1025.jpg The Byzantine Empire under Basil II, c. 1025
Map Byzantine Empire 1025-en.svg Byzantine Empire 1025
Byzantiumforecrusades.PNG The Byzantine Empire at the accession of Alexios I Komnenos, c. 1081
Byzantium in 1170(3).PNG Map of the Byzantine Empire under Manuel Komnenos, c.1170.
Manuel'sEmpire.png Byzantine Empire 1180
Byzantium1204.png The Byzantine Empire in 1204 A.D. was divided into the Empire of Nicaea, the Empire of Trebizond and the Despotate of Epirus
LatinEmpire.png Map to show the partition of the empire following the Fourth Crusade, c.1204.
Epir1205-1230.png The despotate of Epirus from 1205 to 1230
Epiro1230-1251.png The despotate of Epirus from 1230 to 1251
ShepherdByzempire1265.jpg The Byzantine Empire in 1265 (William R. Shepherd, Historical Atlas, 1911).
ByzantineEmpire1265.svg Byzantine Empire in 1265
Epir1252-1315.png The despotate of Epirus from 1252 to 1315
Epir1315-1358.png The despotate of Epirus from 1315 to 1358
Byzantine empire 1355.jpg Byzantine Empire in 1355
Serbia 1360 en.png Map of the Serbian Empire in 1360 with territories ruled by local rulers in present-day northern Greece
Empire of the romans and serbs en.png Empire of the Romans (Greeks) and Serbs and whole Albania (Empire of Simeon Uroš - Siniša), 14th century
Byzantium1400.png Byzantine Empire 1400
Ottoman small animation.gif Growth of the Ottoman Empire
Meyers b15 s0924a.jpg Development of the European part of the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman empire 1481-1683.jpg Growth of the Ottoman Empire
[[|border|251x400px]] Map of the Ottoman Empire 1566
Ottoman 1683.png Location of the Ottoman Empire in 1683
OttomanEmpire1801.jpg Map of the Ottoman Empire 1801
Territorial Expansion of Greece from 1832–1947.gif Territorial development
Graecia Vetus Map of Ancient Greece.jpg Graecia Vetus 1752
Graecia Antiqua Map of Ancient Greece 1809.jpg old Map of Ancient Greece 1809
Graecia Antiqua Map of Ancient Greece made in 1814.jpg old Map of Ancient Greece 1814
Map Greece expansion 1832-1947-fr.svg Terriorial expansion 1832-1947
Balkans1912.jpg Balkans after 1856
Griechenland 1879.jpg Greece in 1879
Serbia-WW1-3.jpg Front in World War I
Serbia-WW1-4.jpg Front in World War I
Battle of Greece WWII 1941 map-en.svg German invasion of Greece in World War II
BatailledeGrèce15041941.JPG Front in April 1941
Triple Occupation of Greece.png Occupation zones during World War II

Ethnic and linguistic maps

Ethnographic map Ami Boué, 1847.jpg Ethnographic map of Greece (1847)
Balkans-ethnic (1861).jpg Ethnographic map of Greece (1861)
Balkans-ethnic (1877).jpg Ethnographic map of Greece (1877)
CarlSaxET1877.jpg Ethnographic map of Greece (1877)
Ernst-Ravenstein-Balkans-Ethnic-Map-1880.jpg Ethnographic map of Greece (1880)
Southwestern Balkans 1890.JPG Ethnic map of Greece (1890)
Pelopones ethnic.JPG Ethnic map of Pelopones (1890)
Greece ethnic 1897.JPG Ethnic map of Greece (1897)
Ethnographic map of the South Balkans, Pallas Nagy Lexikon, 1897.jpg Ethnic map of Greece (late 19th century)
[[|border|251x400px]] Ethno-linguistic map of Greece (1912)
Ethnographic-map-Thrace-1912.jpg Ethnographic map of Thrace (1912)
Copy of NL26 1F.jpg Romance languages in Greece (1930)
Modern Greek dialects en.svg Modern Greek dialects
Greece linguistic minorities.png Ethno-linguistic minorities in Greece
South-Balkan-Romance-languages.png Romance languages in Greece

Regional maps

Macedonia - modern maps

PosGreekMacedonia.png Greek Macedonia
Macedonia greece.png Greek Macedonia
Macedonia actualised overview.png Greek Macedonia

Macedonia - historical maps

Europe Balkans Macedonia geo.jpg Entire Macedonia region
Borders of Macedonia according authors (1843-1927).png Borders of Region of Macedonia according to different authors (1843-1927)
Balkans-ethnic (1861).jpg Ethnograhic map of European Turkey and its vassal states, 1861
Southwestern Balkans 1890.JPG Ethnic map of the Southwestern Balkan Peninsula (1890)
Ethnographische Karte von Makedonien (1899).jpg Ethnographic map of Macedonia, 1892
Ethnographic map of the South Balkans, Pallas Nagy Lexikon, 1897.jpg The peoples of the Balkan Peninsula (1897)
Macedonia - Point of View of the Bulgarians.jpg Bulgarian Ethnographic map of the modern Macedonia region, 19th century
Macedonia - Point of View of the Serbs.jpg Serbian Ethnographic map of the modern Macedonia region, 19th century
Macedonia 1913 map.png Division of Macedonia region between the Balkan states, 1913


Thrace modern state boundaries.png Thrace
Thrace and present-day state borderlines.png Thrace
[[|border|251x400px]] Thrace
Thracians Greece-Western.png Thrace


Crete location map.png Crete
GreeceCrete.png Crete
Crete integrated map-en.svg Crete
Crete topo.png Crete

Ionian Islands

Ionian Islands.svg Ionian Islands

Old maps

1834 Teesdale Map of Greece.jpg Map of Greece in 1834
Ethnographic map of Epirus, based on P. Aravandinos, 1878.jpg Ethnographic map of the Epirus region, 1878. Greek point of view
85mapmacedonia.jpg The wider geographical Macedonia region, 1885

Subnational divisions of Greece

Prefectures of Attica.png Attica prefectures
Pireas nomarchia municipalities numbered.png Municipalities of Greece
see Category:Municipalities of Greece

Other maps

Εκκλησίας της Ελλάδος.jpg Map of the two orthodox patriarcates of Athens (blue) and Constantinople (orange, yellow)
Korinth Isthmus de.png Map of Corinthian Isthmus, German, as well as SVG-Version

Satellite maps

Greece composite NASA.jpg Satellite map of Greece
Satellite image of Greece in March 2003.jpg Satellite map of Greece

Notes and references

General remarks:

  • The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
  • Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
  • Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
  • The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
  • The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.
  1. Romanization: Athḗna.

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Entities with disputed sovereign status
Abkhazia   ■ Artsakh   ■ Kosovo   ■ Northern Cyprus   ■ Palestine   ■ Somaliland   ■ South Ossetia   ■ Taiwan   ■ Tatarstan   ■ Transnistria   ■ Western Sahara

Dependencies and other overseas territories
Akrotiri and Dhekelia   ■ Åland   ■ American Samoa   ■ Anguilla   ■ Aruba   ■ Ascension Island   ■ Ashmore and Cartier Islands   ■ Baker Island   ■ Bermuda   ■ Bouvet Island   ■ British Indian Ocean Territory   ■ British Virgin Islands   ■ Cayman Islands   ■ Christmas Island   ■ Clipperton Island   ■ Cocos (Keeling) Islands   ■ Cook Islands   ■ Coral Sea Islands   ■ Curaçao   ■ Faroe Islands   ■ French Guiana   ■ French Polynesia   ■ French Southern and Antarctic Lands   ■ Gibraltar   ■ Greenland   ■ Guadeloupe   ■ Guam   ■ Guantanamo Bay   ■ Guernsey   ■ Heard Island and McDonald Islands   ■ Hong Kong   ■ Howland Island   ■ Isle of Man   ■ Jan Mayen   ■ Jarvis Island   ■ Jersey   ■ Johnston Atoll   ■ Kingman Reef   ■ Macau   ■ Martinique   ■ Mayotte   ■ Midway Atoll   ■ Montserrat   ■ Navassa Island   ■ New Caledonia   ■ Niue   ■ Norfolk Island   ■ Northern Mariana Islands   ■ Palmyra Atoll   ■ Pitcairn Islands   ■ Puerto Rico   ■ Réunion   ■ Saint Helena   ■ Saint Martin (France)   ■ Saint-Barthélemy   ■ Saint-Pierre and Miquelon   ■ Sint Maarten (Netherlands)   ■ Svalbard   ■ Tokelau   ■ Tristan da Cunha   ■ Turks and Caicos Islands   ■ United States Virgin Islands   ■ Wake Island   ■ Wallis and Futuna

Disputed subnational entities and territories
Bajo Nuevo Bank   ■ Crimea   ■ Falkland Islands   ■ Gilgit–Baltistan   ■ Kurdistan (Syrian)   ■ Kashmir   ■ Ladakh   ■ Paracel Islands   ■ Serranilla Bank   ■ South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands   ■ Spratly Islands   ■

Subnational autonomous entities
Aceh   ■ Adjara   ■ Adygea   ■ Altai   ■ Andalusia   ■ Aosta Valley   ■ Aragon   ■ Asturias   ■ Athos   ■ Azores   ■ Balearic Islands   ■ Bashkortostan   ■ Basque Autonomous Community   ■ Bonaire   ■ Bosnia and Herzegovina (Federation of)   ■ Bougainville   ■ Brussels   ■ Buryatia   ■ Canary Islands   ■ Catalonia   ■ Chechnya   ■ Chuvashia   ■ Corsica   ■ Dagestan   ■ Easter Island   ■ England   ■ Extremadura   ■ Flanders   ■ Friuli-Venezia Giulia   ■ Gagauzia   ■ Galicia   ■ Galápagos Islands   ■ Gilgit–Baltistan   ■ Gorno-Badakhshan   ■ Guangxi   ■ Ingushetia   ■ Islamabad Capital Territory   ■ Inner Mongolia   ■ Kabardino-Balkaria   ■ Kalmykia   ■ Karachay-Cherkessia   ■ Karakalpakstan   ■ Karelia   ■ Khakassia   ■ Komi   ■ Kurdistan (Iraqi)   ■ Khyber Pakhtunkhwa   ■ Madeira   ■ Mari El   ■ Muslim Mindanao   ■ Mordovia   ■ Nakhichevan   ■ Navarre   ■ Nevis   ■ Ningxia   ■ North Ossetia – Alania   ■ Northern Ireland   ■ Nunatsiavut   ■ Quebec   ■ Saba   ■ Sakha   ■ Sardinia   ■ Scotland   ■ Sicily   ■ Sindh   ■ Sint Eustatius   ■ Srpska   ■ Tibet   ■ Tłı̨chǫ   ■ Trentino-Alto Adige   ■ Tuva   ■ Udmurtia   ■ Vojvodina   ■ Wales   ■ Wallonia   ■ Xinjiang   ■ Zanzibar

Other regions
Basque Country   ■ Burzenland   ■ Catalan Countries   ■ Frisia   ■ Kurdistan   ■ Manchuria   ■ Sápmi   ■ Svenskfinland   ■ Székely Land   ■ Transylvania

Former sovereign nations
Austria-Hungary   ■ Byzantine Empire   ■ Caliphate   ■ Czechoslovakia   ■ Frankish Empire   ■ Kingdom of Hawaiʻi   ■ Inca Empire   ■ Iroquois Confederacy   ■ Macedonian Empire   ■ Ottoman Empire   ■ Prussia   ■ Roman Empire   ■ Soviet Union   ■ Republic of Texas   ■ Vermont Republic   ■ Republic of West Florida   ■ Yugoslavia

Former dependencies and overseas territories
Netherlands Antilles

Former disputed territories
Tamil Eelam