La Guadeloupe est à la fois une région d'outre-mer et un département d'outre-mer (numéro 971) français. Ce petit archipel de la mer des Caraïbes se trouve à environ 600 km au nord des côtes de l'Amérique du Sud, et 600 km à l'est de la République dominicaine.
The Guadeloupe Region is an archipelago located in the eastern Caribbean Sea at 16°15′N 61°35′W, with a total area of 1,780 square kilometres (687 sq. mi). Guadeloupe is an overseas region and a constituent part of the French Republic. As a part of France, Guadeloupe is also a part of the ► European Union. Guadeloupe lies north of ► Dominica and south of ► Montserrat and ► Antigua and Barbuda.
Overseas region and constituent part of the French Republic (French since 1635)
Map of Guadeloupe in relation to Saint Martin and Saint Barthelemy Carte de Guadeloupe par rapport à Saint-Martin et Saint-Barthélemy
Guadeloupe was discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1493. He named the island Santa Maria de Guadelupe de Estremadura. In 1635 France acquired Guadeloupe and established it as a French colony. From 1759 to 1763 and from 1810 to 1816 the island was a British colony. Guadeloupe became a French overseas department in 1946 and became a French overseas region in 1982.
Satellite image of Guadeloupe
Notes and references
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