Hong Kong - Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China is one of the two special administrative regions (SARs) of the People's Republic of China), the other being ► Macau. The territory, comprising over 260 islands, is situated on the eastern banks of the Pearl River Delta on the southeastern coast of the People's Republic of China, facing the South China Sea in the south and bordering Guangdong Province in the north.
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China
Special Administrative Region of ► China since 1997
Chinese (Mandarin and Cantonese) and English
Chinese folk religion (combination of Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism)
This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day Hong Kong, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day Hong Kong.
In 1841 the United Kingdom occupies Hong Kong Island and a year later China cedes Hong Kong Island to the United Kingdom, that establishes in 1843 the crown colony of Hong Kong. In 1860 China cedes the Kowloon Peninsula and Stonecutters Island to Hong Kong and in 1898 the United Kingdom leases the New Territories from China for 99 years. Between 1941 and 1945 Japan occupies the colony. In 1997 the whole colony is returned to China as a special administrative region.
This section holds copies of original general maps more than 70 years old.
Hong Kong and surroundings in 1888 (Meyers Konservationslexikon)
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↑Romanization according to the Hanyu Pinyin standard: Xiānggǎng - Zhōnghuá rénmín gònghéguó xiānggǎng tèbié xíngzhèngqū.