Lýðveldið Ísland er landamæralaust land í Norður-Atlantshafi staðsett norðvestur af Færeyjum milli Grænlands og Skotlands. Ísland er staðsett á heitum reit á Atlantshafshryggnum. Það er 102.800 ferkílómetrar að stærð. Þar eru mörg virk eldfjöll (sjá eldfjöll Íslands) og ber þar helst að nefna Heklu (1491m). Um það bil 10% eyjarinnar er undir jöklum. Á Íslandi eru hverir víða, og gnótt jarðhita færir íbúunum heitt vatn, sem meðal annars er notað til húshitunar. Ísland er önnur stærsta eyja Evrópu, á eftir Bretlandi. Eyjan er vogskorin, og flestir bæir standa við firði, víkur og voga. Helstu þéttbýlisstaðir eru höfuðborgin Reykjavík, Keflavík, þar sem einn af alþjóðlegum flugvöllum landsins er staddur, og Akureyri. Ísland liggur á tveimur jarðskorpuflekum, Norður-Ameríkuflekanum og Evrasíuflekanum. Landið telst sögulega til Evrópu.
This map shows the changes in population of the municipalities of Iceland in the ten year period 1996-2006. The dark red municipalities have lost over 20% of their population in this period while the lighter red have experienced less severe depopulation. The yellow indicates the one municipality which had the exactly same number of inhabitants in 1996 and 2006. The green municipalities experienced a growth in population, the growth was lower than the total growth of the nation in the period (13.92%) in the light green ones and higher than the national rate in the dark green ones.
A large map of Iceland with municipalities for easy colouring
This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day Iceland, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day Iceland.
Map showing Scandinavian settlement in the eighth (dark red), ninth (red), tenth (orange) and eleventh (yellow) centuries. Areas denoted in green are those affected by frequent viking incursions but with little or no Scandinavian settlement.
The mythical island of Thule on the Carta Marina, 1539
Map by Benedetto Bordone, 1547
Map of Islandia Insvla by Giovanni Camocio, 1571
German map of the region, 1588
Map by Raffaelo Savanarola, 1713
Farthings division of Iceland, 1761
Map of Iceland, 1910
Satellite map (winter)
Notes and references
The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.