Atlas of Kyrgyzstan

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Wikimedia Commons Atlas of the World

The Wikimedia Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons.
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The introductions of the country, dependency and region entries are in the native languages and in English. The other introductions are in English.

Кыргызстан - Kırgızstan

кыргыз тили/Kyrgyz tili Кыргызстан / Kırgızstan - Кыргыз Республикасы / Kırgız Respublikası[1]

Кыргыз Республикасы – Орто Азиянын түндүк-чыгышында жайгашкан. Өлкө түндүктөн Казакстан, батыштан Өзбекстан, түштүк-батыштан Тажикстан, ал эми түштүк –чыгыштан Кытай Эл Республикасы менен чектешет.

Русский Киргизия - Киргизская республика[2]

Киргизская Республика — государство на северо-востоке Средней Азии, главным образом в пределах западной и центральной части Тянь-Шаня. Граничит на севере с Казахстаном, на западе — с Узбекистаном, на юго-западе — с Таджикистаном, на юго-востоке и востоке — с КНР.

English Kyrgyzstan - Kyrgyz Republic

The Kyrgyz Republic is a country in Central Asia. Landlocked and mountainous, it borders ► Kazakhstan to the north, ► Uzbekistan to the west, ► Tajikistan with ► Gorno-Badakhshan to the southwest and the ► People's Republic of China with ► Xinjiang to the southeast. Kyrgyzstan means the "Land of the Kyrgyz".

Other languages Deutsch:[3] Kirgisistan ist ein Land in Zentralasien. Es grenzt im Norden an Kasachstan, im Südosten an China, im Süden an Tadschikistan und im Westen an Usbekistan. Die Hauptstadt ist Bischkek.

Short name  Kyrgyzstan
Official name Kyrgyz Republic
Status Independent country since 1991
Location Central Asia
Capital Бишкек / Bişkek (Bishkek)
Population 6,523,529 inhabitants
Area 199,900 square kilometres (77,200 sq mi)
Major languages Kyrgyz, Russian (both official)
Major religions Islam, Orthodoxy
More information Kyrgyzstan, Geography of Kyrgyzstan, History of Kyrgyzstan and Politics of Kyrgyzstan
More images Kyrgyzstan - Kyrgyzstan (Category).

General maps

Map of Kyrgyzstan
Map of Kyrgyzstan
Provinces of Kyrgyzstan
  1. Bishkek
  2. Batken Province
  3. Chuy Province
  4. Jalal-Abad Province
  5. Naryn Province
  6. Osh Province
  7. Talas Province
  8. Issyk Kul Province
Provinces of Kyrgyzstan
Raions of Kyrgyzstan

History maps

This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day Kyrgyzstan, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day Kyrgyzstan.

The Achaemid Empire (Persia (648–330 BCE) at its greatest extent
The Persian Achaemenid Empire
The Persian Achaemenid Empire
The Persian Achaemenid Empire
The Expedition of Alexander the Great 334-323 BCE
Map of the Empire of Alexander
Map of the Empire of Alexander 334-323 BCE
Map of the Empire of Alexander (Norwegian)
Hellenistic successor states:
Kingdom of Ptolemy
Kingdom of Cassander
Kingdom of Lysimachus
Kingdom of Seleucus
Other states:
Hellenistic world in 200 BCE
Greco-Bactrian kingdom (250-125 BCE)
The Parthian Empire (250 BCE-226 CE)
Map of Parthia 100 BC
Indo-Sassanide Empire
The Persian Sassanian Empire (226-650) in 602 to 629, Strokes: Under Sassanid military control.
Sassanide Empire
Sassanide Empire
Expansion of the Muslims
Age of the Caliphs
Caliphate around 750
Map of the Western (purple) and Eastern (blue) Göktürk Khaganates at their height, ca. 600 CE. Lighter areas show direct rule; darker areas show spheres of influence.
Kyrgyz state in 810-840
Kyrgyz state in 840-924
The region around 1000
The Seljuq Empire 1037-1194
The Khwarezmid Empire around 1220
Empire of Genghis Khan at his death in 1227
Map showing changes in borders of the Mongol Empire from founding by Genghis Khan in 1206, Genghis Khan's death in 1227 to the rule of Kublai Khan (1260–1294). (Uses modern day borders)
Mongol Empire

By 1294 the empire had split into:

Empire of the Great Khan (Yuan Dynasty)
The Timurid Empire 1405
The Timurid Empire 1405
Russian Empire
The Russian Empire in 1866
History of the Russian Empire (in German)
Central Asia in 1900
Russia in 1912
Russia becomes the Soviet Union in 1922. In 1936 Kyrgyzstan becomes a separate member republic of the Soviet Union
Evolution of the Soviet Union
The republics of the USSR
Kirghiz SSR
[[|border|251x400px]] Map of the 1974 geographic location of various ethnic groups within the Soviet Union
Soviet Union administrative divisions, 1989

Old maps

This section holds copies of original general maps more than 70 years old.

Map of Central Asia from Meyers Konversationslexikons (1885-1900), showing what is now Afghanistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, and parts of Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and China

Satellite maps

Satellite map

Notes and references

General remarks:

  • The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
  • Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
  • Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
  • The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
  • The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.
  1. In Kyrgyz both the Cyrillic and the Latin alphabets are used.
  2. Romanization of Russian according to the BGN/PCGN standard: Kirgiziya - Kirgizskaya Respublika. Another used romanization is the ISO 9 standard.
  3. German is spoken by around 20,000 people.
  4. Romanization of Russian according to the BGN/PCGN standard: Bishkek). Another used romanization is the ISO 9 standard.

Entries available in the atlas

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Historical eras
States with wide recognition
States with limited recognition
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United Kingdom
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Disputed subnational territories
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Former sovereign states
Former dependencies and overseas territories
Former disputed territories