Das Fürstentum Liechtenstein ist ein souveräner Staat im mitteleuropäischen Alpenraum. Das Land liegt zwischen Österreich und der Schweiz am Ostufer des Rheins. Das Fürstentum gilt heute als konstitutionelle Erbmonarchie auf demokratisch-parlamentarischer Grundlage. Die Souveränität liegt sowohl beim Volk als auch beim Fürsten. Liechtenstein gliedert sich in elf Gemeinden, Hauptort und Fürstensitz ist Vaduz.
The Principality of Liechtenstein is a small, doubly landlocked country in Central Europe, bordered by ► Switzerland to its west and by ► Austria to its east. Mountainous, it is a winter sports resort, though it is perhaps best-known as a tax haven. Despite this, it is not heavily urbanized (in the way that the Principality of Monaco and Gibraltar are). Many cultivated fields and little farms characterize its landscape both in the north (Unterland) and in the south (Oberland). It is the smallest German-speaking country in the world.
This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day Liechtenstein, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day Liechtenstein.
In the feudal Holy Roman Empire the County of Vaduz is founded in 1342. When it is acquiered by the Austrian Liechtenstein family in 1712, it merges in 1719 with the Lordship of Schellenberg (acquiered in 1699) as the Principality of Liechtenstein. France occupies the country for a few years, but Liechtenstein regains its independence in 1815 within the new German Confederation. Liechtenstein remains part of Germany until 1868, and becomes after the dissolution of Germany a fully independent state. Since 1919 Liechtenstein entrusts its external relations to neutral Switzerland.
Notes and references
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