Atlas of Portugal

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The Wikimedia Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons.
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The introductions of the country, dependency and region entries are in the native languages and in English. The other introductions are in English.
EU location POR.png

Flag of Portugal.svg


Português Portugal - República Portuguesa

A República Portuguesa fica situada no sudoeste da Europa, na zona oeste da Península Ibérica e é o país mais ocidental da Europa, delimitado a Norte e a Leste pelo reino de Espanha e a Sul e Oeste pelo Oceano Atlântico. O território de Portugal compreende ainda as Regiões Autónomas dos Açores e da Madeira, situadas no hemisfério norte do Oceano Atlântico. Durante os séculos XV e XVI, Portugal foi a maior potência económica, social e cultural do mundo, com um império que se estendia em várias colónias pelo mundo. É hoje um país economicamente próspero, social e politicamente estável e humanamente desenvolvido.

English Portugal - Portuguese Republic

The Portuguese Republic, located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula, is the westernmost country of mainland Europe. Portugal is bordered by ► Spain to the north (► Galicia) and east (► Andalusia, south east) and by the Atlantic Ocean to the west and south. The Atlantic archipelagos of the ► Azores and ► Madeira are also part of Portugal.

Short name  Portugal
Official name Portuguese Republic
Status Independent country since 1128, recognized 1143, member of the ► European Union since 1986
Location South West Europe
Capital Lisboa (Lisbon)
Population 10,295,909 inhabitants
Area 92,391 square kilometres (35,672 sq mi)
Major languages Portuguese (official)
Major religions Roman Catholic
More information Portugal, Geography of Portugal, History of Portugal and Politics of Portugal
More images Portugal - Portugal (Category).

General maps

Po-map.png Map of Portugal
Mapa de Portugal.png Same map in Portuguese
Portugal NUTS II.svg Map of Portugal
PortugalNumbered.png Administrative divisions of Portugal
Portugal NUTS III.svg Divisions of Portugal
Portuguese municipalities districts.PNG Municipalities
Portugal Exclusive Economic Zone (en).svg Portugal's Exclusive Economic Zone

History maps

This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day Portugal, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day Portugal.

Early history

[[|border|251x400px]] Pre-Neanderthals
[[|border|251x400px]] Neanderthals
Map of Palaeolithic Art.png Palaeolithic art
Y-Haplogroup R1 distribution.png Distribution of the Y-DNA R1 haplogroup: R1a (purple) and R1b (red).
Neolithic expansion.svg General map of Neolithic expansion in Europe, with some dates
Neolítico en Europa.png Neolithicum in Europe 5th millennium BCE
European Middle Neolithic.gif Europe in ca. 4500 BC-4000 BC
European Late Neolithic.gif Europe in ca. 4000 BC-3500 BC
Bellbeaker map europe.jpg Beaker culture
Beaker culture.png Extent of the Beaker culture (ca. 2800 – 1900 B.C.)
Arte esquematico iberico.png Pre-historic art in Iberia
Atlantic Bronze Age.gif
Peninsula Iberica-Bronce Final.png The Iberian Peninsula (Spain and Portugal) in the bronze age


Mapa de Portugal tribos principais.png Pre-Roman tribes
Ethnographic Iberia 200 BCE.PNG Ethnographic Iberia 200 BCE
Prehispanic languages.gif Prehispanic languages and tribes
Lenguas-prerromanas.jpg Prehispanic languages
Mapa escriptures paleohispàniques-cast.jpg Paleohispanic writing systems excluding proper Lusitanian
Celts 800-400BC.PNG Possible extent of (proto-)Celtic influence 800-400 BC
Celts in Europe.png Celts in Europe
Celts in Iberia.PNG Celts in Iberia (200 BC)
Celtes-carte.PNG Celts in Europe
Hallstatt LaTene.png Celts: Hallstatt (yellow) and La Tène (green) cultures


Roman expansion 264 BC Shepherd.jpg Territorial development of the Roman Empire 264 BC-192, including the conquest of present Iberia
Map of Rome and Carthage at the start of the Second Punic War.svg The Roman Republic and Carthago in 218, just prior to the Second Punic War
Cimbrians and Teutons.png The migrations of the Cimbri and the Teutons
Expansion of Rome, 2nd century BC.gif Roman Republic 100 BCE
Roman Empire in 50 BC.png Map of the Roman Empire in 50
Roman Empire.png The extent of the Roman Republic and Roman Empire;
  133 BC
  44 BC (late Republic, after conquests by republican generals)
  AD 14 (death of Augustus)
  117 (maximum extension)
Romana Res Publica (provinciae).PNG Map of the Roman republic, with provinces
Hispania republicana.PNG Hispania under the Roman republic
Romia Imperio.png Map of the Roman Empire in 116
Lusitania SPQR.png Lusitania in the Roman Empire (116)
Roman empire.png Roman Empire in 117
Bellum-Asturicum-Cantabricum.png Astur-Cantabrian war
Hispania1.jpg Hispania under Octavio César Augusto (29-19 a. J. C.), after the Cantabrians Wars
Hispania2.JPG Hispania under Diocletian, 293 AC
Iberian Peninsula in 125.svg Hispania under Hadrian, 125 AD
Hispania 2a division provincial.PNG Roman provinces in Iberia
Hispania 3a division provincial.PNG
REmpire-02 Hispania Lusitania.png Roman province of Lusitania
Lusitania-karte 3-1275x1575.png Roman Lusitania
Roman empire 395.jpg Roman Empire divided 395
Theodosius I's empire.png The division of the Empire after the death of Theodosius I, ca.395 AD superimposed on modern borders.
Extent of Western Roman Empire 395.png Western Roman Empire 395
Invasions of the Roman Empire 1.png Invasions of the Roman Empire 100-500
Karte völkerwanderung.jpg Invasions of the Roman Empire 100-500
Rome406.jpeg Division of the Roman Empire in 406
Iberia 409-429.svg Iberia in 409-429
Map-Hispania 411 Ru.png Iberia in 411
Spain 411 ru.svg Iberia in 411
Hispania 418 AD.PNG Iberia in 418
Alan kingdom hispania.png Kingdom of the Alans, 409-426

Visigoths and Suevi

Hispania 476 AD.svg Iberian Peninsula Around 476 AC
Hispania3c.JPG Iberian Peninsula Around 560 AC
Hispania 560 AD.PNG Iberian Peninsula Around 560 AC
Hispania 565.png Iberian Peninsula in 565
Hispania 586 AD.PNG Iberian Peninsula Around 586 AC
Visigoth migrations.jpg Visigoths migrations
Visigoth Kingdom.jpg Kingdom of the Visigoths
Hispania3c.JPG Visigoths and Sueves
Reino de Galicia Suevos.png Kingdom of Suvean Galicia
Hispania 700 AD.PNG Iberian Peninsula in 700

Muslim Iberia and Reconquest

Age of Caliphs.png Conquest by the Caliphs
Califate 750.jpg Caliphate around 750
Europe 814.jpg Europe in 814
Almoravid-empire-en.svg Empire of the Almoravides (in English)
Al-Andalus-de-910.jpg Emirate of Cordoba
File:Iberia 1031 (norsk).jpg Iberia in 1031
[[|border|251x400px]] Iberia in 1031
Taifa de Zaragoza.jpg Taifas in 1080
[[|border|251x400px]] Reconquista
Pt-Reconquista2.jpg Reconquista
Almoravid map reconquest loc.jpg
Almohad map reconquest loc.jpg


Habsburg Map 1547.jpg Habsburg Empire in 1547
Spain1580.gif Area ruled by the Habsburg king around 1580 on a map showing modern-day state borders

Portuguese Empire

Portuguese Empire map.jpg Empire at João III reign
Portuguese Empire map.jpg Portuguese colonial possessions in the XVI century
Portugal XVIII.png Portuguese territory in the XVIII century
Karte Portugiesisch-Spanischer Verträge.png Territorial demarcations between the Portuguese and Spanish empire, resulting from the treaties of Tordesilhas, Saragoça and Alcáçovas (in German)
Philip II's realms in 1598.png Portuguese posessions during the Spanish rule (1581-1640)(in blue)
PDW.png Dutch-Portuguese War 1588-1654
European settlements in India 1501-1739.png Portuguese possessions in India 16-18 th centuries
Brazil states1789.png Brazilian administrative division as of 1789
Portugal 1916-1974.png Portuguese Empire 1916-1974
Portuguese colonial war map1.PNG Portuguese colonies in Africa by the time of the Portuguese Colonial War (1961-1974)
The Portuguese Empire.png Anachronous map of the Portuguese Empire (1415-1999)
Map-Lusophone World-en.png Portuguese speaking countries
Map Portuguese World.png Portuguese linguistic sphere resulting from the colonization process


Provincias Portugal.png Historical provinces of Portugal

Old maps

This section holds copies of original general maps more than 70 years old.

Portugalliae 1561 (Baseado no primeiro mapa de Portugal)-JM.jpg Map of Portugal in 1561 in the "Theatrum Orbis Terrarum" (1570) de Abraham Ortelius
Spanien Portugal 1905.png Portugal in 1905, Bibliothek allgemeinen und praktischen Wissens für Militäranwärter Band I, 1905

Maps of the Azores

LocationAzores.png Location of Azores
AzoresLocation.png Location of Azores with Island names
Azores CIA.jpg Map of the Azores
Azores-map.png Map of the Azores (Portuguese)
Azores old map.jpg Luís Teixeira map of the Azores (c. 1584)

Maps of Madeira

LocationMadeira.png Location of Madeira
MadeiraLocation.png Location of Madeira
PT Selvagens.PNG Ilhas Selvagens

Satellite maps

Portugal satellite image.jpg Satellite map

Notes and references

General remarks:

  • The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
  • Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
  • Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
  • The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
  • The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.

Entries available in the atlas

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Disputed subnational entities and territories
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Former dependencies and overseas territories
Netherlands Antilles

Former disputed territories
Tamil Eelam