Atlas of Syria

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LocationSyria.svg
Syria

Flag of Syria.svg

سوريا

العربية [1]سوريا - الجمهورية العربية السورية
تقع الجمهورية العربية السورية في جنوب غرب آسيا على الساحل الشرقي للبحر المتوسط. يحدها من الشمال تركيا، من الشرق العراق، من الجنوب الأردن وإسرائيل ومن الغرب لبنان والبحر المتوسط على امتداد 183 كم من الساحل.}
English Syria - Syrian Arab Republic

The Syrian Arab Republic is a country in the Middle East, bordering ► Lebanon to the west, ► Israel to the southwest, ► Jordan to the south, ► Iraq (with ► Kurdistan) to the east, and ► Turkey to the north. The modern state of Syria attained independence from the French mandate of Syria in 1936, but can trace its historical roots to the fourth millenium BC; its capital city, Damascus, was the seat of the Umayyad Empire and a provincial capital of the Mameluke Empire.

Other languages Français: La Syrie est un pays arabe du Moyen-Orient, situé géographiquement en Asie occidentale. Son nom officiel est République Arabe Syrienne. La Syrie se nommait au siècle passé, chez certains habitants de la région, Bilad al-Cham. Cette région fut un temps regroupée et comprenait la Syrie actuelle, le Liban actuel, la Jordanie actuelle, la Palestine (actuels territoires palestiniens et israéliens). Auparavant encore, ces pays étaient distinctement l’antique Phénicie, l'antique Royaume d'Israël (jusqu'à l'Euphrate), la Palestine, l’Assyrie et une partie de la Mésopotamie occidentale.

Kurdî/كورد: Sûrî, welat û dewletek di rojhilata navîn de e. Li wir nêzîkî 18 milyon kes hene.

հայերեն լեզու: Սիրիա (արաբերեն՝ سوريا Սուրիա, կամ سوري Սուրիահ), կամ Սիրիական Արաբական Հանրապետությունը (արաբերեն՝ الجمهورية العربية السورية Ալ-Ջումհուրիահ ալ-Արաբիյահ աս-Սուրիահ) երկիր մըն է Ասիայի հարավ-արևմտքում, Միջերկրականի ափում: Արևմտքում նա սահմանակից է Լիբանանի, հարավ-արևմտքում՝ Իսրայելի, հարավում՝ Հորդանանի, արևելքում՝ Իրաքի եւ հյուսիսում՝ Թուրքիայի: Սիրիայի արդիական երկիրը նախապես Ֆրանսիական հպատակության տակ կը լիներ ու ստացաւ անկախություն 1946 թվում: Սակայն, ան ունի շուրջ 6000 տարվու արմատներ: Սիրիայի մայրաքաղաքը՝ Դամասկոսը, կարևորագոյն քաղաք կը դվեր նախկին իսլամական կայսրություններից:

Short name  Syria
Official  name Syrian Arab Republic
Status Independent country since 1936, recognized 1946
Location Middle East
Capital [2] دمشق (Damascus)
Population 19,043,000 inhabitants
Area 183,885 km²
Major  languages Arabic (official), Kurdish
Major  religions Islam
More information Syria, Geography of Syria, History of Syria and Politics of Syria
More  images Syria - Syria (Category).

General maps

Sy-map.png Map of Syria
Syr map.PNG Map of Syria in Arabic
Carte de la Syrie FR.png Map of Syria in French
Syria 2004 CIA map.jpg Map of Syria
Syrnumbered.png Governorates of Syria
Syria districts.png Districts of Syria
Golan 92.jpg Map of the Golan Heights
Kurdish-inhabited area by CIA (1992).jpg Map of the Kurdish inhabited areas

History maps

This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day Syria, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day Syria.

Fertile Crescent map.png Fertile Crescent
AlterOrient.jpg Akkadian Empire around 2000 BCE
Hittite Empire.png The Hittite Empire (red) at the height of its power in ca. 1290 BC, bordering on the Egyptian Empire (green)
Hitt Egypt Perseus.png Hittite Empire
Map of Assyria.png The Assyrian Empire in the 9th to 7th centuries BC
Deportationofjewsbyassyrian.jpg Deportation of the Jews by the Assyrian Empire
Carte-Empire néo-assyrien.png Neo-Assyrian Empire
Median Empire.jpg The Chaldean Empire around 600 BCE)
Map of the Achaemenid Empire.jpg The Achaemid Empire (Persia (648–330 BCE) at its greatest extent
Achaemenid-empire-500BCE.png The Persian Achaemenid Empire
Carte empire achéménide.png The Persian Achaemenid Empire
Persian Empire, 490 BC.gif The Persian Achaemenid Empire
Map of Armenia and Albania (1760).jpg The Expedition of Alexander the Great 334-323 BCE
Map-alexander-empire.png Map of the Empire of Alexander
MacedonEmpire.jpg Map of the Empire of Alexander 334-323 BCE
Alexander den stores rike, Nordisk familjebok.jpg Map of the Empire of Alexander (Norwegian)
Diadochen1.png Hellenistic successor states:
   Kingdom of Ptolemy
   Kingdom of Cassander
   Kingdom of Lysimachus
   Kingdom of Seleucus
   Epirus
Other states:
   Rome
Hellenistic world 200BC blank.png Hellenistic world in 200 BCE
LocationParthia.PNG The Parthian Empire (250 BCE-226 CE)
Scythia-Parthia 100 BC.png Map of Parthia 100 BC
Roman expansion 264 BC Shepherd.jpg Territorial development of the Roman Empire 264 BC-192, including the conquest of present
Asia minor roman power.jpg Roman conquest of Minor Asia
Expansion of Rome, 2nd century BC.gif Roman Republic 100 BCE
Roman Empire in 50 BC.png Map of the Roman Empire in 50
Roman Empire.png The extent of the Roman Republic and Roman Empire;
   133 BC
   44 BC (late Republic, after conquests by republican generals)
   AD 14 (death of Augustus)
   117 (maximum extension)
Provincia Syria.png Roman province of Syria
Roman Legions camps - AD 80.png Camps of the Roman Legions in 80
Romia Imperio.png Map of the Roman Empire in 116
Roman empire.png Roman Empire in 117
Roman empire 395.jpg Roman Empire divided 395, showing the dioceses and praetorian prefectures of Gaul, Italy, Illyricum and Oriens (east), roughly analogous to the four Tetrarch zones of influence after Diocletian's reforms.
Theodosius I's empire.png The division of the Empire after the death of Theodosius I, ca.395 AD superimposed on modern borders.
Rome406.jpeg Division of the Roman Empire in 406
628px-Western and Eastern Roman Empires 476AD(3).PNG Eastern Roman Empire and Western Roman Empire Roman Empires, c.476
EasternRomanEmpire.png Eastern Roman Empire
Justinien 527-565.svg Eastern Roman Empire under emperor Justinianus
Justinian Byzanz.png Eastern Roman Empire under emperor Justinianus
Byzantium550.png Byzantine Empire 550
Indo-Sassanid.jpg Indo-Sassanide Empire
Sassanid Empire 620.png The Persian Sassanian Empire (226-650) in 602 to 629, Strokes: Under Sassanid military control.
Carte empire Sassanide.png Sassanide Empire
Sassanides02.png Sassanide Empire
Arabische Rijk.jpg Expansion of the Caliphate: I: Muhammad; II: Abu Bakr; III: Omar and IV: Othman
Age of Caliphs.png Age of the Caliphs
Califate 750.jpg Caliphate around 750
Seldschuken-Reich-map.png The Seljuq Empire 1037-1194
Crusaderstates.jpeg The Crusader States
Ayyubids1189.png Ayyubid dynasty in 1189
Ayyubid.png The Ayyubid Empire of Saladin around 1190
Ottoman small animation.gif Growth of the Ottoman Empire
Meyers b15 s0924a.jpg Development of the European part of the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman empire 1481-1683.jpg Growth of the Ottoman Empire
[[|border|251x400px]] Map of the Ottoman Empire 1566
Ottoman 1683.png Location of the Ottoman Empire in 1683
OttomanEmpire1801.jpg Map of the Ottoman Empire 1801
Esl.PNG Federation of Arab Republics (Egypt, Libya and Syria)
LocationUnitedArabRepublic.png United Arab Republic
1967 Six Day War - Battle of Golan Heights.jpg 1967 Six Day War
1973 Yom Kippur War - Golan heights theater.jpg Yom Kippur War 1973
Golan Heights Map.PNG Golan Heights

Satellite maps

SatSyria.jpg Satellite map

Notes and references

General remarks:

  • The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
  • Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
  • Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
  • The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
  • The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.
  1. Romanization: al-Sūriyyah - Al-Jumhūriyyah al-ʿArabiyyah as-Sūriyyah.
  2. Romanization: Dimashq.

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