Atlas of Turkey

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Wikimedia Commons Atlas of the World

The Wikimedia Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons.
Discussion • Update the atlas • Index of the Atlas • Atlas in categories • Other atlases on line
The introductions of the country, dependency and region entries are in the native languages and in English. The other introductions are in English.


Türkçe Türkiye - Türkiye Cumhuriyeti (T.C.)

Türkiye Cumhuriyeti, Kuzey Yarımkürede, Avrupa ve Asya kıtaları arasında, kuşbakışı görünümü kabaca doğu-batı doğrultusunda bir dikdörtgeni andıran Anadolu platosu üzerinde kurulmuştur. Akdeniz, Karadeniz, bu iki denizi Boğazlar vasıtasıyla birbirine bağlayan Marmara Denizi ve Ege Denizi ile çevrilidir. Eski çağın başlıca uygarlık alanları olan Akdeniz dünyası ile Ortadoğu ve Uzakdoğu göç ve ticaret yollarının kesişim noktasında bulunan Türkiye coğrafyası pek çok medeniyete ev sahipliği yapmıştır.

English Turkey - Republic of Turkey

The Republic of Turkey is a Eurasian country that stretches across the Anatolian peninsula in Southwestern Asia and the Balkan region of southeastern Europe. Turkey borders eight countries: ► Bulgaria to the northwest, ► Greece to the west, ► Georgia with to the northeast, ► Armenia, ► Iran and the ► Nakhichevan exclave of ► Azerbaijan to the east, and ► Iraq and ► Syria to the southeast. In addition, it borders the Black Sea to the north, the Aegean Sea to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south, where ► Cyprus lies. Turkey also contains the Sea of Marmara that is used by geographers to mark the border between Europe and Asia, thus making the country transcontinental.

Short name  Turkey
Official name Republic of Turkey
Status Independent country since 1923, as Ottoman Empire since 1299
Location Asia and Europe
Capital Ankara
Population 83,154,997 inhabitants
Area 783,562 square kilometres (302,535 sq mi)
Major languages Turkish (official)
Major religions Islam
More information Turkey, Geography of Turkey, History of Turkey and Politics of Turkey
More images Turkey - Turkey (Category).

General maps

Map of Turkey
Location of Turkey with reference to Europe and the European Union
Turkey and the European Union

Maps of divisions

This section holds maps of the administrative divisions.

en:Provinces of Turkey
tr: Türkiye'deki iller
Location of Provinces in Turkey - Türkiye'deki illerin konumları
en:Districts of Turkey
tr:Türkiye'deki ilçeler
Districts of Turkey - Türkiye'deki ilçeler
en: Regions of Turkey
tr: Türkiye'nin coğrafi bölgeleri
Regions of Turkey - Türkiye'nin coğrafi bölgeleri
Alevis in Turkey
Main cities

History maps

This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day Turkey, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day Turkey.

Before the Roman Empire

The Hittite Empire (red) at the height of its power in ca. 1290 BC, bordering on the Egyptian Empire (green)
Hittite Empire
The Region in the 9th to 7th centuries BC
Urartu at its greatest extent in the time of Sarduris II, 743 BC
The Achaemid Empire (Persia (648–330 BCE) at its greatest extent
The Persian Achaemenid Empire
The Persian Achaemenid Empire
The Persian Achaemenid Empire
ancient Thrace, map made in 1585
The Expedition of Alexander the Great 334-323 BCE
Map of the Empire of Alexander
Map of the Empire of Alexander 334-323 BCE
Map of the Empire of Alexander (Norwegian)
Hellenistic successor states:
Kingdom of Ptolemy
Kingdom of Cassander
Kingdom of Lysimachus
Kingdom of Seleucus
Other states:
Hellenistic world in 200 BCE
Map of Lydia
Phrygia and other regions

Roman and Byzantine Empires

Territorial development of the Roman Empire 264 BC-192, including the conquest of present
Anatolia 264BC-180AD
Roman conquest of Minor Asia
Roman Republic 100 BCE
Map of the Roman Empire in 50
The extent of the Roman Republic and Roman Empire;
133 BC
44 BC (late Republic, after conquests by republican generals)
AD 14 (death of Augustus)
117 (maximum extension)
Roman dependencies of Corduene, Sophene, Commagene and Osrhoene (as of 31 BC)
Camps of the Roman Legions in 80
Map of the Roman Empire in 116
Roman Empire in 117
Roman Empire divided 395, showing the dioceses and praetorian prefectures of Gaul, Italy, Illyricum and Oriens (east), roughly analogous to the four Tetrarch zones of influence after Diocletian's reforms.
The division of the Empire after the death of Theodosius I, ca.395 AD superimposed on modern borders.
Invasions of the Roman Empire 100-500
Invasions of the Roman Empire 100-500
Division of the Roman Empire in 406
Eastern Roman Empire and Western Roman Empires, c.476
Eastern Roman Empire
Eastern Roman Empire under emperor Justinianus
Eastern Roman Empire under emperor Justinianus
Byzantine Empire 550
The Sassanid Empire around 602-629
The Byzantine Empire at the accession of Leo III, c. 717
The Byzantine Empire at the accession of Basil I, c. 867
Seljuq Empire around 1000
The Byzantine Empire under Basil II, c. 1025
Byzantine Empire 1025
The Byzantine Empire at the accession of Alexios I Komnenos, c. 1081
The Parthian Empire (250 BCE-226 CE)
Map of Parthia 100 BC
Indo-Sassanide Empire
The Persian Sassanian Empire (226-650) in 602 to 629, Strokes: Under Sassanid military control.
Sassanide Empire
Sassanide Empire
Expansion of the Caliphate: I: Muhammad; II: Abu Bakr; III: Omar and IV: Othman
Age of the :en:Caliphs
Caliphate around 750


w:Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia
The Crusader States
Map of the Byzantine Empire under Manuel Komnenos, c.1170.
Byzantine Empire 1180
The Kingdom of Cilician Armenia, 1199-1375
The Byzantine Empire in 1204 A.D. was divided into the Empire of Nicaea, the Empire of Trebizond and the Despotate of Epirus
Map to show the partition of the empire following the Fourth Crusade, c.1204.
The Byzantine Empire in 1265 (William R. Shepherd, Historical Atlas, 1911).
Byzantine Empire in 1265
Byzantine Empire in 1355
Byzantine Empire 1400
Map showing changes in borders of the Mongol Empire from founding by Genghis Khan in 1206, Genghis Khan's death in 1227 to the rule of Kublai Khan (1260–1294). (Uses modern day borders)
Mongol Empire

By 1294 the empire had split into:

Empire of the Great Khan (w:Yuan Dynasty)

Ottoman Empire

Main page Atlas of the Ottoman Empire.
Ottoman Empire in 1410
Ottoman Empire in 1683
Ottoman Empire in 1920

Turkey after the Ottoman Empire

Fronts of the Turkish War of Independence
The Kemalist influence and its claims
Map of the Republic of Turkey, Anavatan ("Motherland"), in 1927
Map of Turkey after the 1939 annexation of Hatay

Old maps

This section holds copies of original general maps more than 70 years old.

Map by Pieter van der Aa made in 1719 of Turkey and Cyprus
Ottoman Empire in Europe, made by T. Jefferys, 1785
15th Century map of the region now known as Turkey
How the Treaty of Sèvres planed to break up Turkey
Today, Turkey.

Notes and references

General remarks:

  • The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
  • Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
  • Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
  • The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
  • The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.

Entries available in the atlas

General pages
Continents and oceans
Historical eras
States with wide recognition
States with limited recognition
Dependencies and other overseas territories
Country subdivisions
China (mainland)
United Kingdom
United States
Disputed subnational territories
Other regions
Former sovereign states
Former dependencies and overseas territories
Former disputed territories