Atlas of Turkey

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The Wikimedia Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons.
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The introductions of the country, dependency and region entries are in the native languages and in English. The other introductions are in English.
Turkey (orthographic projection)-Red version.svg

Flag of Turkey.svg


Türkçe Türkiye - Türkiye Cumhuriyeti (T.C.)

Türkiye Cumhuriyeti, Kuzey Yarımkürede, Avrupa ve Asya kıtaları arasında, kuşbakışı görünümü kabaca doğu-batı doğrultusunda bir dikdörtgeni andıran Anadolu platosu üzerinde kurulmuştur. Akdeniz, Karadeniz, bu iki denizi Boğazlar vasıtasıyla birbirine bağlayan Marmara Denizi ve Ege Denizi ile çevrilidir. Eski çağın başlıca uygarlık alanları olan Akdeniz dünyası ile Ortadoğu ve Uzakdoğu göç ve ticaret yollarının kesişim noktasında bulunan Türkiye coğrafyası pek çok medeniyete ev sahipliği yapmıştır.

English Turkey - Republic of Turkey

The Republic of Turkey is a Eurasian country that stretches across the Anatolian peninsula in Southwestern Asia and the Balkan region of southeastern Europe. Turkey borders eight countries: ► Bulgaria to the northwest, ► Greece to the west, ► Georgia with to the northeast, ► Armenia, ► Iran and the ► Nakhichevan exclave of ► Azerbaijan to the east, and ► Iraq and ► Syria to the southeast. In addition, it borders the Black Sea to the north, the Aegean Sea to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south, where ► Cyprus lies. Turkey also contains the Sea of Marmara that is used by geographers to mark the border between Europe and Asia, thus making the country transcontinental.

Short name  Turkey
Official name Republic of Turkey
Status Independent country since 1923, as Ottoman Empire since 1299
Location Asia and Europe
Capital Ankara
Population 83,154,997 inhabitants
Area 783,562 square kilometres (302,535 sq mi)
Major languages Turkish (official)
Major religions Islam
More information Turkey, Geography of Turkey, History of Turkey and Politics of Turkey
More images Turkey - Turkey (Category).

General maps

Tu-map.png Map of Turkey
Europe location TUR.png Location of Turkey with reference to Europe and the European Union
UE TURK1.png Turkey and the European Union
Turkey topo.jpg Topography

Maps of divisions

This section holds maps of the administrative divisions.

BlankMapTurkeyProvinces.png en:Provinces of Turkey
tr: Türkiye'deki iller
Location of Provinces in Turkey - Türkiye'deki illerin konumları
Map of the administrative divisions of Turkey.svg en:Districts of Turkey
tr:Türkiye'deki ilçeler
Districts of Turkey - Türkiye'deki ilçeler
Turkey Regions.png en: Regions of Turkey
tr: Türkiye'nin coğrafi bölgeleri
Regions of Turkey - Türkiye'nin coğrafi bölgeleri
Alevis.png Alevis in Turkey
Turkey map.svg Main cities

History maps

This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day Turkey, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day Turkey.

Before the Roman Empire

Hittite Empire.png The Hittite Empire (red) at the height of its power in ca. 1290 BC, bordering on the Egyptian Empire (green)
Hitt Egypt Perseus.png Hittite Empire
Map of Assyria.png The Region in the 9th to 7th centuries BC
Urartu 743-en.svg Urartu at its greatest extent in the time of Sarduris II, 743 BC
Map of the Achaemenid Empire.jpg The Achaemid Empire (Persia (648–330 BCE) at its greatest extent
Achaemenid-empire-500BCE.png The Persian Achaemenid Empire
Carte empire achéménide.png The Persian Achaemenid Empire
Persian Empire, 490 BC.gif The Persian Achaemenid Empire
Thraciae-veteris-typvs.jpg ancient Thrace, map made in 1585
Map of Armenia and Albania (1760).jpg The Expedition of Alexander the Great 334-323 BCE
Map-alexander-empire.png Map of the Empire of Alexander
MacedonEmpire.jpg Map of the Empire of Alexander 334-323 BCE
Alexander den stores rike, Nordisk familjebok.jpg Map of the Empire of Alexander (Norwegian)
Diadochen1.png Hellenistic successor states:
Kingdom of Ptolemy
Kingdom of Cassander
Kingdom of Lysimachus
Kingdom of Seleucus
Other states:
Hellenistic world 200BC blank.png Hellenistic world in 200 BCE
Lydia original area of lydia.jpg Lydia
Map of Lydia ancient times-en.svg Map of Lydia
Turkey ancient region map phrygia.gif Phrygia and other regions

Roman and Byzantine Empires

Roman expansion 264 BC Shepherd.jpg Territorial development of the Roman Empire 264 BC-192, including the conquest of present
Anatolia 264.jpg Anatolia 264BC-180AD
Asia minor roman power.jpg Roman conquest of Minor Asia
Expansion of Rome, 2nd century BC.gif Roman Republic 100 BCE
Roman Empire in 50 BC.png Map of the Roman Empire in 50
Roman Empire.png The extent of the Roman Republic and Roman Empire;
133 BC
44 BC (late Republic, after conquests by republican generals)
AD 14 (death of Augustus)
117 (maximum extension)
Map of Roman dependency of Sophene, Corduene, Commagene, and Osrhoene as of 31 BC.png Roman dependencies of Corduene, Sophene, Commagene and Osrhoene (as of 31 BC)
Roman Legions camps - AD 80.png Camps of the Roman Legions in 80
Romia Imperio.png Map of the Roman Empire in 116
Roman empire.png Roman Empire in 117
Roman empire 395.jpg Roman Empire divided 395, showing the dioceses and praetorian prefectures of Gaul, Italy, Illyricum and Oriens (east), roughly analogous to the four Tetrarch zones of influence after Diocletian's reforms.
Theodosius I's empire.png The division of the Empire after the death of Theodosius I, ca.395 AD superimposed on modern borders.
Invasions of the Roman Empire 1.png Invasions of the Roman Empire 100-500
Karte völkerwanderung.jpg Invasions of the Roman Empire 100-500
Rome406.jpeg Division of the Roman Empire in 406
628px-Western and Eastern Roman Empires 476AD(3).PNG Eastern Roman Empire and Western Roman Empires, c.476
EasternRomanEmpire.png Eastern Roman Empire
Justinien 527-565.svg Eastern Roman Empire under emperor Justinianus
Justinian Byzanz.png Eastern Roman Empire under emperor Justinianus
Byzantium550.png Byzantine Empire 550
Sassanid Empire 620.png The Sassanid Empire around 602-629
ByzantineEmpire717AD.png The Byzantine Empire at the accession of Leo III, c. 717
ByzantineEmpire867AD3.PNG The Byzantine Empire at the accession of Basil I, c. 867
Seldschuken-Reich-map.png Seljuq Empire around 1000
Byzantium1025.jpg The Byzantine Empire under Basil II, c. 1025
Map Byzantine Empire 1025-en.svg Byzantine Empire 1025
Anatoliabeforecrusade.svg The Byzantine Empire at the accession of Alexios I Komnenos, c. 1081
LocationParthia.PNG The Parthian Empire (250 BCE-226 CE)
Scythia-Parthia 100 BC.png Map of Parthia 100 BC
Indo-Sassanid.jpg Indo-Sassanide Empire
Sassanid Empire 620.png The Persian Sassanian Empire (226-650) in 602 to 629, Strokes: Under Sassanid military control.
Carte empire Sassanide.png Sassanide Empire
Sassanides02.png Sassanide Empire
Arabische Rijk.jpg Expansion of the Caliphate: I: Muhammad; II: Abu Bakr; III: Omar and IV: Othman
Age of Caliphs.png Age of the :en:Caliphs
Califate 750.jpg Caliphate around 750


Cilicia.png w:Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia
Map Crusader states ca. 1100.jpg The Crusader States
Byzantium in 1170(3).PNG Map of the Byzantine Empire under Manuel Komnenos, c.1170.
Manuel'sEmpire.png Byzantine Empire 1180
Cilician Armenia-en.svg The Kingdom of Cilician Armenia, 1199-1375
Byzantium1204.png The Byzantine Empire in 1204 A.D. was divided into the Empire of Nicaea, the Empire of Trebizond and the Despotate of Epirus
LatinEmpire.png Map to show the partition of the empire following the Fourth Crusade, c.1204.
ShepherdByzempire1265.jpg The Byzantine Empire in 1265 (William R. Shepherd, Historical Atlas, 1911).
ByzantineEmpire1265.svg Byzantine Empire in 1265
Byzantine empire 1355.jpg Byzantine Empire in 1355
Byzantium1400.png Byzantine Empire 1400
Mongol Empire map.gif Map showing changes in borders of the Mongol Empire from founding by Genghis Khan in 1206, Genghis Khan's death in 1227 to the rule of Kublai Khan (1260–1294). (Uses modern day borders)
Mongol Empire

By 1294 the empire had split into:

Empire of the Great Khan (w:Yuan Dynasty)

Ottoman Empire

Main page Atlas of the Ottoman Empire.
Map of the southern Balkans, 1410.svg Ottoman Empire in 1410
OttomanEmpireMain.png Ottoman Empire in 1683
WholeRegionSevres.gif Ottoman Empire in 1920

Turkey after the Ottoman Empire

Fronts during the Turkish War of Independence.jpg Fronts of the Turkish War of Independence
The Angora Government and its Claims.jpg The Kemalist influence and its claims
Anavatan 1927.jpg Map of the Republic of Turkey, Anavatan ("Motherland"), in 1927
Latrans-Turkey location Hatay.svg Map of Turkey after the 1939 annexation of Hatay

Old maps

This section holds copies of original general maps more than 70 years old.

Map-of-Turkey-and-Cyprus.jpg Map by Pieter van der Aa made in 1719 of Turkey and Cyprus
Hungary with Turky in Europe.jpg Ottoman Empire in Europe, made by T. Jefferys, 1785
15th century map of Turkey region.jpg 15th Century map of the region now known as Turkey
SevresOttoman1927.JPG How the Treaty of Sèvres planed to break up Turkey
Flag-map of Turkey.svg Today, Turkey.

Notes and references

General remarks:

  • The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
  • Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
  • Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
  • The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
  • The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.

Entries available in the atlas

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Entities with disputed sovereign status
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Dependencies and other overseas territories
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Disputed subnational entities and territories
Bajo Nuevo Bank   ■ Crimea   ■ Falkland Islands   ■ Gilgit–Baltistan   ■ Kurdistan (Syrian)   ■ Kashmir   ■ Ladakh   ■ Paracel Islands   ■ Serranilla Bank   ■ South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands   ■ Spratly Islands   ■

Subnational autonomous entities
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Other regions
Basque Country   ■ Burzenland   ■ Catalan Countries   ■ Frisia   ■ Kurdistan   ■ Manchuria   ■ Sápmi   ■ Svenskfinland   ■ Székely Land   ■ Transylvania

Former sovereign nations
Austria-Hungary   ■ Byzantine Empire   ■ Caliphate   ■ Czechoslovakia   ■ Frankish Empire   ■ Kingdom of Hawaiʻi   ■ Inca Empire   ■ Iroquois Confederacy   ■ Macedonian Empire   ■ Ottoman Empire   ■ Prussia   ■ Roman Empire   ■ Soviet Union   ■ Republic of Texas   ■ Vermont Republic   ■ Republic of West Florida   ■ Yugoslavia

Former dependencies and overseas territories
Netherlands Antilles

Former disputed territories
Tamil Eelam