Türkiye Cumhuriyeti, Kuzey Yarımkürede, Avrupa ve Asya kıtaları arasında, kuşbakışı görünümü kabaca doğu-batı doğrultusunda bir dikdörtgeni andıran Anadolu platosu üzerinde kurulmuştur. Akdeniz, Karadeniz, bu iki denizi Boğazlar vasıtasıyla birbirine bağlayan Marmara Denizi ve Ege Denizi ile çevrilidir. Eski çağın başlıca uygarlık alanları olan Akdeniz dünyası ile Ortadoğu ve Uzakdoğu göç ve ticaret yollarının kesişim noktasında bulunan Türkiye coğrafyası pek çok medeniyete ev sahipliği yapmıştır.
The Republic of Turkey is a Eurasian country that stretches across the Anatolian peninsula in Southwestern Asia and the Balkan region of southeastern Europe. Turkey borders eight countries: ► Bulgaria to the northwest, ► Greece to the west, ► Georgia with to the northeast, ► Armenia, ► Iran and the ► Nakhichevan exclave of ► Azerbaijan to the east, and ► Iraq and ► Syria to the southeast. In addition, it borders the Black Sea to the north, the Aegean Sea to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south, where ► Cyprus lies. Turkey also contains the Sea of Marmara that is used by geographers to mark the border between Europe and Asia, thus making the country transcontinental.
Republic of Turkey
Independent country since 1923, as Ottoman Empire since 1299
Ottoman Empire in Europe, made by T. Jefferys, 1785
15th Century map of the region now known as Turkey
How the Treaty of Sèvres planed to break up Turkey
Notes and references
The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.