Atlas of the United States

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Wikimedia Commons Atlas of the World

The Wikimedia Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons.
Discussion • Update the atlas • Index of the Atlas • Atlas in categories • Other atlases on line
The introductions of the country, dependency and region entries are in the native languages and in English. The other introductions are in English.
United States

United States of America

English United States - United States of America

The United States of America, also referred to in short form as the United States, the USA, the U.S., and colloquially as America, is a country in North America that extends from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean, and shares land borders with ► Canada (including ► Quebec) and ► Mexico. To the west of Alaska lies ► Russia, to the south and east of Florida ► Cuba, the ► Bahamas and ► Bermuda are located. The United States is a federal constitutional republic, with its capital in Washington, D.C. It consists of fifty individual states and a number of territories and other federally administered areas. At over 3.7 million square miles (over 9.6 million km²), the United States is the third largest country by total area. It is the world's third most populous nation, with over 300 million people.
Asssociated commonwealths are the ► Northern Mariana Islands and ► Puerto Rico, other organized unincorporated territories are ► Guam and the ► United States Virgin Islands. The unorganized unincorpated territory with self-government is ► American Samoa. The unincorporated unorganized territories are ► Baker Island, ► Howland Island, ► Jarvis Island, ► Johnston Atoll, ► Kingman Reef, ► Midway Atoll, ► Navassa Island, ► Wake Island and the incorporated unorganized territory is ► Palmyra Atoll. The United States have the ► Guantanamo Bay Naval base on ► Cuba. ► Palau, the ► Marshall Islands, and ► Micronesia are freely associated with the United States. Maritime borders are shared with ► Japan and the ► Philippines.

Main minority languages Español: Estados Unidos de América Los Estados Unidos de América es un país de América del Norte conformado por una federación de 50 estados y un distrito federal. También tiene varios territorios dependientes ubicados en Antillas y Oceanía. Su forma de gobierno es la de una república presidencialista y federal. Cuarenta y ocho de los estados están en la región entre Canadá y México. A estos estados se les llama, más o menos formalmente, los Estados Unidos continentales o contiguos y en ocasiones los 48 de abajo. Alaska está en la zona noroeste de América del Norte, separada de los otros estados por el territorio canadiense de Columbia Británica. El archipiélago de Hawaii, el estado número 50, se ubica en el Océano Pacífico. La capital federal, Washington, se sitúa en el Distrito de Columbia, entre los estados de Maryland al norte y Virginia al sur.

Chinese: 美利堅合眾國 - 美利堅合眾國 通稱美国,旧称花旗国,是位於北美洲的聯邦共和制國家,也是世界上最為悠久的共和立憲制國家。美国本土东濒大西洋,西临太平洋,北靠加拿大,南接墨西哥及墨西哥湾。首都為华盛顿哥伦比亚特区。

Tagalog: Estados Unidos ng Amerika - Ang Mga Nagkakaisang Estado ng Amerika na mas kilala sa pangalang Estados Unidos ng Amerika ay isang republikang pederal na mayroong limampung estado. Karaniwang tinatawag na “Amerikano” ang mga mamamayan nito.

ᜆᜄᜎᜓᜄ᜔: ᜁᜐ᜔ᜆᜇᜓᜐ᜔ ᜂᜈᜒᜇᜓᜐ᜔ ᜈᜅ᜔ ᜀᜋᜒᜍᜒᜃ - ᜀᜅ᜔ ᜋᜅ ᜈᜄ᜔ᜃᜃᜁᜐᜅ᜔ ᜁᜐ᜔ᜆᜇᜓ ᜈᜅ᜔ ᜀᜋᜒᜍᜒᜃ ᜈ ᜋᜐ᜔ ᜃᜒᜎᜎ ᜐ ᜉᜅᜎᜅ᜔ ᜁᜐ᜔ᜆᜇᜓᜐ᜔ ᜂᜈᜒᜇᜓᜐ᜔ ᜈᜅ᜔ ᜀᜋᜒᜍᜒᜃ ᜀᜌ᜔ ᜁᜐᜅ᜔ ᜍᜒᜉᜓᜊᜎᜒᜃᜅ᜔ ᜉᜒᜇᜒᜍᜎ᜔ ᜈ ᜋᜌ᜔ᜍᜓᜂᜅ᜔ ᜎᜒᜋᜅ᜔ᜉᜓᜅ᜔ ᜁᜐ᜔ᜆᜇᜓ᜶ ᜃᜍᜈᜒᜏᜅ᜔ ᜆᜒᜈᜆᜏᜄ᜔ ᜈ “ᜀᜋᜒᜍᜒᜃᜈᜓ” ᜀᜅ᜔ ᜋᜅ ᜋᜋᜋᜌᜈ᜔ ᜈᜒᜆᜓ᜶

French: États-Unis d'Amérique - Les États-Unis d'Amérique sont une fédération constituée de cinquante États (représentés par les cinquante étoiles du drapeau) situés en Amérique du Nord et dans l'océan Pacifique. Quarante-huit de ces cinquante États sont situés au sud du Canada et au nord du Mexique. L'Alaska est située à l'ouest du Canada. Hawaii est dans l'océan Pacifique, à 3 900 km au sud-ouest de la Californie. Washington, D.C., est la capitale fédérale du pays, avec un statut spécial (ce n'est pas un État et le district n'est pas non plus membre d'un État fédéré). D'autres territoires ont des statuts spécifiques, notamment des États (anciennes colonies) qui ne sont pas membres de droit de la fédération, mais qui sont en pratique intégrés : les Samoa américaines, Guam, les îles Mariannes du Nord, Porto Rico et les îles Vierges américaines.

German: Verenigte Staaten von Amerika - Die Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika sind eine Bundesrepublik in Nordamerika. Das Land nimmt rund die Hälfte der Landmasse des Kontinents ein und ist der flächenmäßig drittgrößte Staat der Erde.

Italian: Stati Uniti d'America - Gli Stati Uniti d'America sono una repubblica federale con sistema rappresentativo dell'America settentrionale composta da 50 stati e un distretto federale (Washington, D.C.). Gli Stati Uniti confinano a nord con il Canada e a sud con il Messico, mentre ad est e ad ovest sono bagnati rispettivamente dall'oceano Atlantico e dall'oceano Pacifico. Le acque territoriali dell'Alaska - lo stato più vasto - confinano con la Russia (Stretto di Bering). Lo stato delle Hawaii è formato da un arcipelago localizzato nel centro dell'oceano Pacifico. Il paese possiede anche alcuni territori e zone insulari, sparsi tra il mar dei Caraibi e il Pacifico.

Hawaiian: ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻia

Short name  United States
Official name United States of America
Status Independent country since 1776 (recognized 1783). Permanent Member of the UN Security Council.
Location North America
Capital Washington DC
Population 328,239,523 inhabitants
Area 9,631,420 square kilometres (3,718,710 sq mi)
Major languages English (de facto official), Spanish and other minority languages
Major religions Protestantism, Roman Catholicism
More information United States, Geography of the United States, History of the United States and Politics of the United States
More images United States - United States (Category).

General maps


Thirteen Colonies
Thirteen Colonies in 1775
Spanish colonies in North America (New Spain)

====Territorial development of the United States====

Territorial Acquisitions of the United States
USA territorial acquisitions map

From independence to civil war

Tecumseh War 1811
State cessions 1782-1802
Sabine Free State 1808-1819
Oregon country 1818-1846
Oregon border dispute
Adams-Onís Treaty

Civil War

Animated map of secession, Civil War and re-admission
Status of the states 1861:
States that seceded before April 15, 1861
States that seceded after April 15, 1861
Union states that permitted slavery
Union states that forbade slavery
Map of the United States in 1864, showing the division during the Civil War.
Union states, including those admitted during the war
Union states that permitted slavery
Confederate States
State and territory boundaries, 1864-5:
Union territories
Union border states that permitted slavery
Kansas, which entered the Union as a free state after the Bleeding Kansas crisis
Confederate claimed and sometimes held territories
Battles of the Civil War
Confederate States of America 1861-1865
Indian reservations

After the Civil War

Overseas territories
US States by date of statehood
US States by date of statehood
US States by date of statehood

Old maps

This section holds copies of original general maps more than 70 years old.

Il designo del discoperto della Nova Franza by Paolo Forlani, ca. 1566
Map of New France by Samuel de Champlain, 1612
New Netherland 1614
New Netherland and New England 1642
New Netherland 1685
America 1733

Population maps

Population density
States by population
States by population density

Ethnic and linguistic maps

Native Americans in the United States
Native Americans
Early Indian languages
Early Indian languages (Alaska)
Ancestry by country
Chinese Ancestry
African American population density
Asian density
English as official language
English language spread in the United States
French language spread in the United States
Distribution de la langue française aux États-unis
Italian language spread in the United States
Welsh language spread in the United States
Dutch language spread in the United States
German language spread in the United States
Swedish language spread in the United States
Svenska språkets spridning i USA
Spanish language spread in the United States
Russian language spread in the United States
Finnish language spread in the United States
Tagalog language spread in the United States
Chamorro language spread in the United States

Religion maps

Jewish population
Jewish congregations
Roman Catholic dioceses

Electoral map
Courts of Appeals and District courts
Death Penalty
Abortion legislation
Pre-Abortion counselling legislation
Abortion legislation, mandatory waiting period laws
Highest median household income
Median household income change
Counties with the lowest median household income in 2000
Counties with the lowest pro capita income in 2000
States without income tax
States without income tax on wages
Position of the trade unions
Minimum wage legislation
Sodomy laws
Cannabis laws

Climate maps

Köppen climate types of the US
Several different air masses affect the United States.
A map of the average annual high temperatures in the United States.
Average precipitation
Record one day precipitation by county between 1979 and 2011.
Intense tornado activity in the United States. The darker-colored areas denote the area commonly referred to as Tornado Alley.
Average annual tornado reports in the United States.
Tracks of East Pacific tropical cyclones (1980–2005).
Tracks of North Atlantic tropical cyclones(1851–2012).
Continental United States hurricane strikes 1950-2007.

Natural resources maps

Major rivers of the United States
The nearly 8100 major dams in the United States in 2006
Map of major US aquifers by rock type
Insolation map of the United States
Map showing wind power potential in U.S., including offshore
Estimated subterranean temperatures in Celsius at depths of about six kilometers in the U.S. mainland (Department of Energy).
Coal regions of the United States
Surface Coal Mines in the US
Locations of underground coal mines in the US
2010 coal production by region in short tons (US Energy Information Administration)
Coal production by basin 2014–2018
Estimates of Oil Resources in the Outer Continental Shelf
Estimates of Onshore Oil Resources
Discovered shale gas deposits as of June 2016
Map of US Uranium Districts (1979)
US Mines producing copper in 2003 either as a primary or secondary commodity. (Alaska and Hawaii produced no copper in 2003.) Source: USGS

Energy maps

Power plants in USA map
The U.S. power transmission grid consists of about 300,000 km (190,000 mi) of lines operated by approximately 500 companies. The North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) oversees all of them.
Natural gas processing plants in the US by capacity and utilization, 2017
Natural gas pipelines map
Proposed LNG Export Terminals in the US, 2012 (US Energy Information Administration)
NRC regions and locations of nuclear reactors, 2008
Location of nuclear reactor fuel processing facilities in the United States (US NRC)
Nuclear Power plants that have been decommissioned or have announced plans to decommission. The size of the circles indicates the amount of electricity generated
US nuclear power plants, highlighting recently and soon-to-be retired plants, as of 2018 (US EIA).
Map illustrating installed wind generating capacity for U.S. states at end of 2015.
Map of large US wind farms, with size illustrated.
Hydroelectric power map.
Fixed-tilt utility-scale solar energy generation capacity, representing 40% of US solar energy output. Map does not include tracking systems.

Transportation maps

Tonnage on highways, railroads, and inland waterways
Map of current Interstates
Interstate numbering. Odd numbers run north–south with numbers increasing from west to east, while even numbers run east–west with numbers increasing from south to north
Maximum state speed limits in the United States as of January 2017
Map of the Class I Railroads in North america
Passenger trains in North America
Map showing current rail speeds in the United States.
Inland Waterway Connection
Top 25 water ports by tonnage
Container ports by TEU throughput in 2010
Container ship routes to America from Asian Pacific
Map showing FAA overflight fee regions

Various maps

State name etymologies
Time zones
Rivers and lakes in the US
Federally protected marine areas (National Marine Sanctuaries)
Symbolic representation of visitors at each National Park
Map of the National Forests and Grasslands of the United States
United States Counties Per Capita Income
US household income distribution by county, 2009
Density of cattle and calves by county in 2007.
A physiographical map of the contiguous 48 states of the U.S. The map indicates the age of the exposed surface as well as the type of terrain.
Map of United States Distribution of Soil Moisture Regimes
Level III ecoregions, United States
A national map of Superfund sites. Red indicates currently on final National Priority List, yellow is proposed, green is deleted (usually meaning having been cleaned up). This map is as of October 2013.

Notes and references

General remarks:

  • The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
  • Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
  • Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
  • The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
  • The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.

Entries available in the atlas

General pages
Continents and oceans
Historical eras
States with wide recognition
States with limited recognition
Dependencies and other overseas territories
Country subdivisions
China (mainland)
United Kingdom
United States
Disputed subnational territories
Other regions
Former sovereign states
Former dependencies and overseas territories
Former disputed territories